Benjamin Louis Paul Godard (18 August 1849 – 10 January 1895) was a French violinist and Romantic-era composer of Jewish extraction. Godard composed eight operas, five symphonies, two piano and two violin concertos, string quartets, sonatas for violin and piano, piano pieces and etudes, and more than a hundred songs. He is best known for his opera Jocelyn. He died at the age of 45 in Cannes (Alpes-Maritimes) of tuberculosis and was buried in the family tomb in Taverny in the French department of Val-d'Oise.
Life and career
Godard was born in Paris in 1849. He entered the Conservatoire de Paris in 1863 where he studied under Henri Vieuxtemps (violin) and Napoléon Henri Reber (harmony) and accompanied Vieuxtemps twice to Germany.
In 1876, his Concerto romantique was performed at the Concerts Populaires, and other of his large works were also performed at these concerts. In 1878, Godard was the co-winner of the Prix de la Ville de Paris. His winning composition, a dramatic symphony entitled Le Tasso, remains one of his most admired works.
From that time until his death Godard wrote a large number of compositions. These include eight operas, among them: Jocelyn (the "Berceuse" from which remains Godard's best-known composition), performed in Paris in 1888; Dante, played at the Opéra-Comique two years later; and La Vivandière, left unfinished and completed by Paul Vidal (1863–1931). The last of these was heard at the Opéra-Comique in 1895, and has been played in England by the Carl Rosa Opera Company.
He became a professor at the Conservatoire de Paris in 1887, and was made a Chevalier (Knight) of the Légion d'honneur in 1889.
Godard's long list of works in other forms includes three symphonies: Symphonie gothique (1883), Symphonie orientale (1884), and Symphonie légendaire (1886); Concerto romantique for violin and orchestra (1876), two piano concertos, three string quartets, four sonatas for violin and piano, a sonata for cello and piano, two piano trios, and various other orchestral works. Among his piano pieces may be mentioned the 2nd Mazurka, the 2nd Valse, Au Matin, Postillon, En Courant, En Train, and Les Hirondelles. Florian's Song is also very popular and has been arranged for many instruments. One of Godard's sonatas for violin and piano contains a scherzo written in the unusual time signature of 5/8. He wrote more than 100 songs.
According to the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, "Godard's compositions are unequal, if only because his productivity was enormous. He was at his best in works of smaller dimensions. Among his more ambitious works, the Symphonie légendaire may be singled out as being one of the most distinctive."
|Op.||Title||Genre||Subdivisions||Libretto||Première date||Place, theatre||Notes|
|BijouxLes bijoux de Jeannette||opéra||AmedeeMarc Constantin Amédée||1878-00-001878||Paris|
|GuelfesLes Guelfes||grand opéra||5 acts||GalletLouis Gallet||1902-01-1717 January 1902||Rouen, Théâtre des Arts||composed 1880–82|
|Pedro de Zalamea||opéra||4 acts||DetroyatLéonce Détroyat & Paul Armand Silvestre||1884-01-3131 January 1884||Antwerp, Théâtre Royal||after Calderón's The Mayor of Zalamea|
|100||Jocelyn||opéra||4 acts||SilvestrePaul Armand Silvestre and Victor Capoul, after a poem by Alphonse de Lamartine||1888-02-2525 February 1888||Brussels, Théâtre de la Monnaie|
|111||Dante||drame lyrique||4 acts||BlauÉdouard Blau||1890-05-1313 May 1890||Paris, Opéra-Comique (Favart)|
|125||Jeanne d'Arc||drame historique||5 acts||FabreJoseph Fabre||1891-01-1313 January 1891||Paris, Théâtre du Châtelet|
|Ruy Blas||1891-99-00||after Victor Hugo's Ruy Blas; composed in 1891; unperformed|
|VivandiereLa vivandière||opéra comique||3 acts||CainHenri Caïn||1893-03-21 incomplete score: 21 March 1893||Brussels, Théâtre de la Monnaie||with orchestration completed by P. A. Vidal, 1 April 1895, Paris, Salle Favart|
- Sadie, Stanley (Ed.) (1994) . The New Grove Dictionary of Opera. vol. 2, E-Lom, chpt: "Godard, Benjamin (Louis Paul)" by John Trevitt and Robert Orledge. New York: MacMillan. ISBN 0-935859-92-6.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Benjamin Godard.|
- Free scores by Benjamin Godard at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
- Benjamin Godard Piano Trio No.1 in g minor, Op.32—sound-bites and a discussion of the work
- Piano trio no. 1, op. 32 (1872), from the Sibley Music Library Digital Scores Collection
- Piano trio no. 2, op. 72, F major (1880), from the Sibley Music Library Digital Scores Collection
- Symphonie gothique pour orchestre, op. 23 (1890), from the Sibley Music Library Digital Scores Collection
- Troisième sonate pour piano & violon, op. 9 (1880), from the Sibley Music Library Digital Scores Collection
- Fantasie persane : pour piano et orchestre ou 2 pianos, op. 152 (1900), from the Sibley Music Library Digital Scores Collection
- Songs by Benjamin Godard on The Art Song Project