Bennie Lee Sinclair
|Bennie Lee Sinclair|
April 15, 1939|
Greenville, South Carolina
|Died||May 22, 2000
Greenville, South Carolina
|Alma mater||Furman University|
|Notable awards||South Carolina Poet Laureate|
Bennie Lee Sinclair (April 15, 1939 – May 22, 2000) was an American poet, novelist, and short story writer. She was named by Governor Richard Wilson Riley as the fifth South Carolina Poet Laureate from 1986 to 2000.
Early life and education
Sinclair was born on April 15, 1939, in Greenville, South Carolina. She was born to William Graham Sinclair, Sr., and the former Bennie Lee Ward. Her parents separated when she was five years old and she stayed with her mother. She graduated from Greenville High School in 1956 and then went on graduate from Furman University as Phi Beta Kappa in 1961.
Sinclair's talents exhibited early as one of her poems was published in a national teacher's journal, submitted by her first-grade teacher. Later, she returned to her alma mater and becoming a creative writing instructor at Furman University for many years. Her first poem as an adult was published in the journal Foxfire in 1968.
Sinclair was named to be South Carolina's fifth poet laureate by Governor Dick Riley in 1986. At the time, she was the youngest poet laureate the state had appointed, at age 47. The poet laureate often reads and/or writes a poem for the South Carolina Governor's inauguration. In 1999, at the inauguration of Governor Jim Hodges, high winds blew her papers away, but she proceeded to recite the poem from memory.
Sinclair married sculptor Don Lewis in 1958. Lewis was a former Marine whom she met while they were both freshmen at Furman. Her brother Walt (Waldo Graham Sinclair, Jr., nicknamed "Buster") was a 1967 graduate of The Citadel and was the inspiration for her poetry collection The Arrowhead Scholar. They lived most of their life on a 135-acre wildlife and plant sanctuary in the Cleveland community of Greenville County, South Carolina, which they moved into in 1976.
Sinclair had suffered from diabetes and suffered many ailments over the last several years of her life. In 1993, she underwent a kidney transplant. She died of an apparent heart attack on May 22, 2000, in Greenville, South Carolina.
Awards and honors
Sinclair was one of the featured writers of the Southern Appalachian Writers Collection exhibition in the 1980s at the University of North Carolina at Asheville. The university still maintains the materials in that collection. Her 1990 book of poetry, Lord of Spring, was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize for Poetry.
Other awards include:
- Stephen Vincent Benet Award for narrative poem – 1970
- The Best American Short Stories – 1972
- The South Carolina Review poetry award – 1972
- Excellence in Writing Award in poetry, Winthrop College – 1978
- South Carolina Poet Laureate – 1986–2000
- Book of the Year, Appalachian Writers Association (for Lords of Spring) – 1991
- Little Chicago Suite (poetry, 1978)
- Taproots: A Study in Cultural Exploration, (as editor 1975)
- The Arrowhead Scholar (poetry, 1978)
- The Fine Arts Center Story: A Living History (as editor, 1980)
- South Carolina's International Greenville: A Guide (with Linda Shirley Robertson and Lori Storie-Pahlitzsch, 1982)
- Lord of Spring (poetry, 1990)
- The Endangered: New and Selected Poems (poetry, 1992)
- The Lynching (novel, 1992)
- Appalachian Trilogy (short stories)
In addition to her collections, some of her writings have been anthologized and have appeared in magazines and journals such as Foxfire, Ms., North American Review, and The South Carolina Review. In 1994, Sinclair composed the alma mater for Coastal Carolina University.
- "Bennie Lee Sinclair". South Carolina Center for the Book. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
- Dyer, Joyce (March 2, 2000). Bloodroot: Reflections on Place by Appalachian Women Writers. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 261–271. ISBN 978-0-8131-0983-1. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- "Sinclair, Bennie Lee". The South Carolina Encyclopedia. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press. 2006. p. 871. ISBN 978-1-57003-598-2.
- "96 Press Symposium" (PDF). English @ Furman. Fall 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2012.
- "Bennie Lee Sinclair Writes Poetry for South Carolinians". The State. March 25, 1999. p. A14.
- Huff, Bobbin (March 15, 1979). "Creative Spirits Share Arts". The Charleston News and Courier. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- "Greenville native tapped as state's poet laureate". The Rock Hill Herald. AP. September 18, 1986. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
- "South Carolina poet to be highlighted on 'Writers' Circle'". The Herald-Independent. September 15, 1994. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- "State's poet laureate undergoes transplant". The Spartanburg Herald-Journal. May 15, 1993. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- "S.C.'s poet laureate Bennie Lee Sinclair dies". The Spartanburg Herald-Journal. AP. May 24, 2000. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
- "Bennie Lee Sinclair". Southern Appalachian Writers Collection. University of North Carolina at Asheville. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
- "Sinclair at Furman". The Hendersonville Times-News. May 17, 1990. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
- "People". The Spartanburg Herald-Journal. October 6, 1991. Retrieved December 23, 2012.