Bertie Marshall

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Bertie Marshall ORTT (6 February 1936 – 17 October 2012) (born as Bertram Lloyd Marshall in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad) was a pioneer, musician and music instrument maker of the Steel Pan.[1]

Life and Merits[edit]

He was born in 1936 in Port of Spain, and as a child he roamed the streets of John John and Success Village, Laventille. As a boy, he watched pioneering tuners at work and came into contact with Winston “Spree” Simon who created the multiple notes on the convex metal containers used for making pans. These encounters sparked his interest in the steelpan and began his secret association with pan and panmen. He began playing openly only when his mother died in 1954, but had tuned his first pan long before.

At 14 he got an old ping pong from Tokyo Steelband and tried to retune it, using his harmonica. By 18 he began tuning pans, guided by other tuners such as Carl Greenidge. Mr. Marshall was dissatisfied with what he called ping pong's inferior tone.

By 1956 Bertie Marshall had accomplished the most significant development in today’s steelpan tone, revolutionizing the method of tuning, by changing the instrument from the inharmonic style. By tuning the notes by octaves and introducing complex tuning techniques he produced harmonics, giving the steelpan its complex sound. By discovering and establishing this harmonic tuning method he is singularly responsible for the sound of today's frontline steelband instruments, brightening the overall sound in the process.

Marshall is also credited with inventing the Double Tenor instrument. He was also the first person to amplify the Steelpan.

He developed the Quadrophonics, Six Pan and Twelve Bass together with Rudolph Charles of Desperadoes Steel Orchestra from Laventille. Marshall has been building and tuning instruments for Desperadoes since 1970.

Marshall was part of a project of the Caribbean Industrial Research Institute in 1982 which investigated the possibilities of machine production of Steel Pans.

Because of Marshall’s exceptional contributions to Trinidad & Tobago’s National Instrument, the T&T government awarded him their Chaconia Gold Medal, given for “Outstanding Service to the Country”. That was the first time the award was given in the field of music.

He further received the Order of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, presented by President George Maxwell Richards in 2008.[2]

Death[edit]

He died on 17 October 2012 with his children at his bedside. He left behind three children, Claude, Claudine and Gillian and eight grandchildren.

Readings[edit]

Felix I. R. Blake: The Trinidad and Tobago Steel Pan: History and Evolution. ISBN 0-9525528-0-9

References[edit]

Materials science and metallurgy of the Caribbean steel drum Part I Fabrication, deformation phenomena and acoustic fundamentals, Springer Netherlands, ISSN 0022-2461

Reflection on Aspects that define the Steelband culture of Trinidad and Tobago, Dr. Jeannine Remy D.M.A. and Jeremy G. de Barry P.Dip. E.E.Eng. - June 2005

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Bowman, Wayne (2012-10-18). "'Steelpan genius' Bertie Marshall dies | Trinidad Express Newspaper | News". Trinidadexpress.com. Retrieved 2012-12-09. 
  2. ^ Order of Republic

External links[edit]