Rusk, Texas, United States
|Died||January 6, 1933 (age about 27)|
Dallas, Texas, U.S.
|Genres||Classic female blues, country blues, Texas blues|
|Associated acts||K. D. Johnson, Jesse "Babyface" Thomas|
Bessie Tucker (c. 1906 – January 6, 1933) was an American classic female blues, country blues, and Texas blues singer and songwriter. Little is known of her life outside the music industry. She is known to have recorded just twenty-four tracks, seven of which were alternate takes. Her songs include "Penitentiary" and "Fryin' Pan Skillet Blues".
Tucker hailed from East Texas. References in her songs led the researcher Max Haymes to speculate that she may have been based in Greenville. The researchers Bob Eagle and Eric LeBlanc state that she was born in Rusk, Cherokee County, Texas, the daughter of Georgia (née Connor) and John Chris Tucker.
She had a light complexion and a small frame but was said to be "a strong singer with a dark voice". In August 1928, she recorded a number of songs, most of which she wrote, for the Victor label in Memphis, Tennessee. She was accompanied on piano by the Dallas-born K. D. Johnson. This recording session yielded her best-known song, "Penitentiary". The subject of the song was reputedly not unknown to Tucker.
A second session in Dallas followed in October 1929, at which she was again accompanied by Johnson and by the guitarist Jesse Thomas. After this, nothing more is known of her life. Only one photograph of Tucker is known. According to Eagle and LeBlanc, she died in Dallas in early 1933, aged 27 at most.
In 1960, the Dallas pianist Whistlin' Alex Moore told an interviewer that Tucker and Ida May Mack, who had shared the 1928 recording session with Tucker, were both "tough cookies ... don't mess with them". However, in a 1972 conversation, the pianist was unable to recall the name of either singer, leading the interviewer to suspect that he had drawn his own conclusions from their recordings. Music buffs can only affirm that Tucker sang in the same style as the Texas singers Texas Alexander, Victoria Spivey and Texas Bill Day and that her lyrics refer to railroads that served East Texas and Dallas.
She was not related to the singer Sophie Tucker.
- Ankeny, Jason. "Bessie Tucker: Biography". Allmusic.com. Retrieved November 14, 2010.
- "Bessie Tucker, Complete Recorded Works (1928–1929): Credits". Allmusic.com.
- Eagle, Bob; LeBlanc, Eric S. (2013). Blues: A Regional Experience. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger. p. 312. ISBN 978-0313344237.
- "Bessie Tucker, Complete Recorded Works (1928–1929): Review". Allmusic.com.
- Haymes, Max. "Katy's at the Station. Santa Fe Is in the Yard". Earlyblues.com. Retrieved November 14, 2010.
- Oliphant, Dave (1996). Texan Jazz. Austin: University of Texas Press. p. 72. ISBN 0-292-71096-8.
- "Jesse Thomas Discography". Wirz.de. Retrieved November 14, 2010.
- "Bessie Tucker: Twenties Barrelhouse Blues". Theflatlandsalmanack.typepad.com. Retrieved November 14, 2010.
- The only known photograph of Tucker Last.fm Retrieved November 19, 2010.
- "Ida May Mack, Backgrounds of Jazz: Ida May Mack/Bessie Tucker: Overview". Allmusic.com.