Bièvre (river)

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Bièvre
Gobelins.jpg
Back of the Gobelins Manufactory, adjoining the Bièvre River, in 1830.
Country France
Basin features
Main source Île-de-France
River mouth Seine
48°50′37″N 2°21′57″E / 48.84361°N 2.36583°E / 48.84361; 2.36583 (Seine-Bièvre)Coordinates: 48°50′37″N 2°21′57″E / 48.84361°N 2.36583°E / 48.84361; 2.36583 (Seine-Bièvre)
Progression SeineEnglish Channel
Basin size 201 km2 (78 sq mi)
Physical characteristics
Length 33 km (21 mi)
Discharge
  • Average rate:
    0.2 m3/s (7.1 cu ft/s)

The Bièvre is a 36-kilometre (22 mi) long river of the Île-de-France région that flows into the Seine (left bank) in Paris. The name translates to "Beaver River" in English.

Course[edit]

The source of the Bièvre is in Guyancourt, département Yvelines.[1] From there, it flows through the following départements and towns:

The river enters the present day city of Paris near Stade Charléty (close to the border between the 13th and 14th arrondissements), and reaches the Seine River in the Latin Quarter (5th arrondissement) close to Île de la Cité.

Tanneries along the Bièvre, late 19th-century

The current course is said to have been modified from its natural course to supply irrigation for an abbey located outside the city wall of Phillipe-Auguste. This diversion is reflected in maps of Paris dating from the 13th century.[citation needed] Historically the river was heavily industrialized with mills, which led to the straightening of the river. Tanneries, butcher shops and dye-makers were built along its banks, leading to serious pollution concerns. Starting in the 18th century, the river was gradually culverted. Eleven km are canalised under slabs and 5 km have disappeared under rubble and urbanisation in Paris. In modern times the Bièvre forms a rainwater system.[1]

Restoration Project[edit]

Bievre a Fresnes

In 2003 200m of the Bièvre was re-opened in the Parc des Près in Fresnes.[2] At the same time, over twenty direct wastewater connections to the Bièvre were eliminated. When the river is completely disconnected from the wastewater system, the stormwater from the river will no longer flow into a wastewater treatment plant but will instead flow directly into the River Seine, which is expected to lead to significant savings in wastewater treatment costs.[1]

Bievre at Massy

Another section of the Bièvre between Massy and Verrières was re-opened in 2006.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]