Biblical Creation Society
|Headquarters||Rugby, Warwickshire, United Kingdom|
The Biblical Creation Society (BCS) is a United Kingdom-based creationary organisation founded in 1977 by Scottish minister Nigel M. de S. Cameron (now President of the Center for Policy on Emerging Technologies and a group of evangelical students, who were concerned about the popularity of theistic evolution among conservative Christians, but were repelled by the "wholly negative" attitude of the Evolution Protest Movement. Although inspired by the scientific creationism of John C. Whitcomb and Henry M. Morris (authors of The Genesis Flood), it refused to limit its membership to only Young Earth creationists, and in its name rejected American attempts to separate scientific creationism from its Biblical roots (a separation rendered unnecessary by the lack of constitutional barriers to teaching creationism in the United Kingdom). The organisation is based in Rugby, Warwickshire.
The Society's formal doctrinal basis is the same as that of Universities and Colleges Christian Fellowship (UCCF). However, it has published a manifesto setting out further teachings about creation which the society holds as essential in order to be faithful to the Bible.
The Society's website states that it offers "a range of articles on very diverse subjects - but all seeking to show that the Bible provides a solid foundation not only for our understanding of origins but also for every aspect of life." The BCS publishes a journal, Origins (formerly Biblical Creation), two or three times a year.
The British Centre for Science Education, which opposes the teaching of creationism in UK schools, acknowledges that the Biblical Creation Society "appears to be the second largest of the UK's dedicated creationist organisations" and "has some very highly educated members and associates".
Its first president was Edgar H. Andrews, Emeritus Professor of Materials at Queen Mary, University of London, where he was a long-serving head of department and later Dean of Engineering. He is described by historian of creationism Ronald Numbers as the United Kingdom's "most respected[by whom?] creationist scientist of the late twentieth century", a Reformed Baptist, and a convert to Whitcomb and Morris' flood geology since the 1960s. However, he rejected some elements of their views, particularly dogmatic acceptance of a young Earth (even going so far as to suggest that the first day of creation "might be of indefinite length").
Another prominent member, David C. Watts (Professor of Biomaterials Science at the University of Manchester), went even further in diverging from the American view, described giving primacy to the question of the age of the Earth a "great mistake" and admitted the possibility that life existed before the Edenic creation. His views slowly moved to progressive creationism.
Debates on the creation–evolution controversy
The Society or its officers have been invited to represent the creationary case when the Creation–evolution controversy is debated in the UK. In the 1986 the Society's President, Edgar Andrews, represented the BCS in a debate at the Oxford Union, seconded by A. E. Wilder-Smith. Their proposition was "That the Doctrine of Creation is more valid than the Theory of Evolution". They lost the debate, to Richard Dawkins and John Maynard Smith who opposed this proposition, by 198 to 115 votes.
David Tyler represented the Society in a live television debate with journalist Francis Beckett on BBC Breakfast, on the teaching of intelligent design in school science lessons, in February 2005.
Disagreements with other Christian groups
The Society has supported conferences organised by evangelical churches. However, not all evangelicals or Christians agree with their position. Some members of the Research Scientists' Christian Fellowship (who do not individually or collectively identify themselves as "creationist" but which, as one of the professional groups of the UCCF, held to the same Doctrinal Basis as the BCS) met with members of the BCS to identify their points of disagreement. This meeting resulted in the publication of eight questions to the BCS on the application of Biblical authority to the question of evolution.
In 2006 the prominent creationary group Answers in Genesis posted a page disputing the 'Recolonisation Theory' and accusing its supporters of "compromis[ing] on the truth of Scripture". The Committee of the BCS responded stating that the accusation was against "several members of BCS (who are also contributors to Origins)", that BCS "do[es] not take a collective position on the Recolonisation Model", but that labelling them as "compromisers" was unjustified, and that placing it "alongside 'articles on compromises of Scripture such as the Gap Theory, the Framework Hypothesis, Theistic Evolution and Progressive Creation' is totally unwarranted."
People associated with the society
Current officers or employees of the Society include:
- Travelling Secretary: J. H. John Peet FRSC
- Secretary: David J. Tyler, Senior Lecturer in the Department of Clothing Design and Technology at Manchester Metropolitan University
- Paul Garner, also associated with Biblical Creation Ministries, a separate charity launched by the BCS in 2002
- Numbers 2006, p. 357-358.
- More about BCS on the society's website
- Creation Manifesto summary on BCS website
- The Biblical Creation Society Home Page
- Contents list for Origins, journal of the Biblical Creation Society
- Biblical Creation Society on British Centre for Science Education website. Retrieved 2008-08-28
- "An Interview with Who Made God? author, Edgar H. Andrews". Christianity.com. August 2010. Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
- Numbers (2006) p358
- "Professor David Watts (BSc,PhD,DSc,FRSC,FInstP,FADM)". University of Manchester. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
- Numbers (2006) p358-359
- Critical-Historical Perspective on the Argument about Evolution and Creation, John Durant, in "From Evolution to Creation:A European Perspective (Eds. Sven Anderson, Arthus Peacocke), Aarhus Univ. Press, Aarhus, Denmark
- And who created the world? BBC, 7 February 2005 (with link to RealPlayer video stream of the debate)
- George Jelliss, "Bishops should speak up about Darwin's truth", Leicester Mercury, 11 February 2006, republished by Leicester Secular Society
- The questions are available online in R. J. Berry, God and Evolution: Creation, Evolution and the Bible"God and Evolution: Creation, Evolution and the Bible". Regent College Publishing. 2001. pp. 148–152. ISBN 978-1-57383-173-4.
- Monty White & Paul Taylor (7 March 2006). "The 'Recolonisation Theory'—the latest compromise". Answers in Genesis - UK/Europe.
- Recolonisation and Earth History, March 9, 2006, BCS Committee
- Who's Who at ChristianAnswers.net
- Hollings Faculty: Dr. David Tyler
- Biblical Creation Ministries, retrieved 2008-08-28
- Numbers, Ronald (30 November 2006). The Creationists: From Scientific Creationism to Intelligent Design, Expanded Edition. Harvard University Press. pp. 624 pages. ISBN 0-674-02339-0.