Black-tailed hairy dwarf porcupine

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Black-tailed hairy dwarf porcupine
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Erethizontidae
Genus: Coendou
Species: C. melanurus
Binomial name
Coendou melanurus
(Wagner, 1842)

The black-tailed hairy dwarf porcupine, Coendou melanurus, is a South American porcupine species from the family Erethizontidae.[2] It is found in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela.

This species was formerly sometimes assigned to Sphiggurus,[2] a genus no longer recognized since genetic studies showed it to be polyphyletic.[3] Its closest relatives are the frosted hairy dwarf porcupine (Coendou pruinosus), the brown hairy dwarf porcupine (Coendou vestitus) and the streaked dwarf porcupine (Coendou ichillus).[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Catzeflis, F. (2016). "Coendou melanurus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T136738A22213900. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T136738A22213900.en. Retrieved 3 December 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Woods, C.A.; Kilpatrick, C.W. (2005). "Infraorder Hystricognathi". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 1538–1600. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  3. ^ a b Voss, R. S.; Hubbard, C.; Jansa, S. A. (February 2013). "Phylogenetic Relationships of New World Porcupines (Rodentia, Erethizontidae): Implications for Taxonomy, Morphological Evolution, and Biogeography" (PDF). American Museum Novitates. 3769 (3769): 1–36. doi:10.1206/3769.2.