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- Die schwarze Schande or Die schwarze Schmach ("the black shame" or "the black disgrace") were terms used by the German right-wing press to agitate for opposition to the use of African troops in the occupation of the Rhineland following the defeat of the German Empire in the First World War.
- Clyde Wilcox and Leopoldo Gomez, "Religion, Group Identification, and Politics among American Blacks". Sociological Analysis, Vol. 51, No. 3 (Autumn, 1990), pp. 271–285.
- "FRONTLINE: Two Nations of Black America" (2008). PBS (DVD) ASIN: B001690X2O
- Jane Gaines "The Scar of Shame": Skin Color and Caste in Black Silent Melodrama", Cinema Journal, Vol. 26, No. 4 (Summer, 1987), pp. 3–21.
- Kevin Mérida (2007). Being a Black Man: At the Corner of Progress and Peril, PublicAffairs. ISBN 1-58648-522-9
- W.E.B. Du Bois (1903, 1953), The Souls of Black Folk, Bantam Classic. Available online.
- William, H Grier and Price, M Cobbs (1992). Black Rage: Two Black Psychiatrists Reveal the Full Dimensions of the Inner Conflicts and the Desperation of Black Life in the United States, Westview Press (2nd edition). ISBN 0-465-00701-5