Die schwarze Schande or Die schwarze Schmach ("the Black Shame" or "the Black Disgrace") were terms used by the German right-wing press to agitate for opposition to the use of African troops in the occupation of the Rhineland following the defeat of the German Empire in the First World War. The campaign reached its peak between 1920 and 1923, but did not stop until 1930.
- Ashworth, Lucian M. International Relations and the Labour Party: Intellectuals and Policy Making from 1918-1945. I.B.Tauris, 2007. p. 61.
- Reinders, Robert C. "Racialism on the Left: E.D. Morel and the 'Black Horror on the Rhine.'" International Review of Social History, Volume 13. 1968. p. 1.