Blohm & Voss P 212
|Model of the Blohm & Voss BV P 212.03 at the Technikmuseum Speyer|
|Manufacturer||Blohm & Voss|
|Status||Terminated by end of war|
|Number built||None completed|
|Developed from||Blohm & Voss P 209|
In early part of 1945, a replacement was sought for the Heinkel He 162 Volksjäger under the continuing Emergency Fighter Program, challenging engineers to invent a new aircraft built around the Heinkel HeS 011, a new jet engine which was being developed, in order to create a stronger, high-altitude fighter jet. By February 1945, the Luftwaffe had received several proposals. Three proposals had been received from Messerschmitt, two from Focke-Wulf and one each from Heinkel, Junkers and Blohm & Voss respectively. The competition was won by the Junkers EF 128, a broadly similar design.
Three iterations of the P 212 were studied, all featuring the same general layout of a short fuselage with nose intake leading to a single buried jet engine, and a tailless swept wing.
The first of the P 212 designs had a short, squat fuselage and a short air intake for the He S 011 jet engine. Its wing were swept at a forty-five degree angle.
The second of the P 212 designs featured a slightly lengthened fuselage and was seen as a refined version of the original.
The third version, the P 212.03, boasted a further lengthened body and larger internal fuel tanks. Its wings were swept back at forty degrees. Uniquely, the wings were designed to be built out of either wood, steel or aluminium, and the cabin was pressurised for the pilot. With an ideal fuel weight, the aircraft could fly for up to four hours at a time. This was the model presented to the Luftwaffe.
Specification (P 212.03)
Data from Pawlas (1974)
- Crew: 1
- Length: 7.185 m (23 ft 7 in)
- Wingspan: 9.5 m (31 ft 2 in)
- Wing area: 14 m2 (150 sq ft)
- Gross weight: 4,164 kg (9,180 lb)takeoff weight
- Powerplant: 1 × Heinkel-Hirth HeS 011 turbojet
- Maximum speed: 965 km/h (600 mph; 521 kn) at 7,000 metres (23,000 ft)
- Rate of climb: 21.3 m/s (4,190 ft/min)
- Wing loading: 310 kg/m2 (63 lb/sq ft)
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Related lists
- List of German aircraft projects, 1939–45
- List of jet aircraft of World War II
- List of World War II military aircraft of Germany
- "Blohm & Voss BV P.212". Luft46. Retrieved 2010-06-07.
- "Blomh & Voss P.212". Jets45. Retrieved 2010-06-07.
- A I Bruce. "Blohm & Voss: Aircraft Manufacturer". Wehrmacht History 1935–1945. Retrieved 2010-06-07.
- Karl R. Pawlas (Ed.); “Blohm & Voss P 212,” Luftfahrt International, No. 5, Sept–Oct 1974 (in German), pp. 715–729.
- Media related to Blohm & Voss P 212 at Wikimedia Commons