Bob Lambert (undercover police officer)
Robert Lambert MBE is a British former academic and former undercover police officer. He served in the controversial Special Demonstration Squad and posed as a left-wing animal rights activist from 1983 to 1988, fathering a child with an unsuspecting activist during his deployment. Until December 2015 Lambert was a lecturer in Terrorism Studies at the University of St Andrews and a senior lecturer at London Metropolitan University's John Grieve Centre for Policing.
Lambert joined the Metropolitan Police Service in London in 1977 and joined the Special Branch by 1980. He was appointed to a management position in the Special Demonstration Squad following his undercover work and was head of the Muslim Contact Unit from its establishment in 2002. Following his retirement as a detective inspector he was appointed Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) in the 2008 Birthday Honours for "services to the police".
After his career in the police force, he became a lecturer at the University of St Andrews and a part-time senior lecturer at the London Metropolitan University. Activists mounted a campaign to remove him from these posts. He resigned from them in December 2015. He was co-director of the European Muslim Research Centre in the Department of Politics at Exeter University until August 2011.
Controversial undercover activities
In the course of his police service, Lambert infiltrated activist groups (environmentalists, animal rights activists and anti-racists) using the alias Mark "Bob" Robinson. To gain credibility as an activist, he formed friendships with other movement members; he also embarked in long-term relationships with women as a means of establishing a cover story.
He fathered a child with one of the activists he was spying on although he already had a wife and children in the suburbs. After that relationship ended he embarked on another with a woman who was politically conscious, but was not herself an activist. His colleagues at Special Branch raided her home in order to bolster his image as a hardcore militant.
Lambert was confronted about his past activities by members of London Greenpeace (which he had infiltrated in the 1980s) as he spoke at a conference in October 2011. Lambert subsequently apologised to other activists and to the woman whom he had used as a "lover" (who said she felt "raped by the state" after learning about the deception). Though he had earlier denied that reports in The Guardian newspaper were true, in July 2013 he acknowledged that he had conducted four such relationships under false pretences, saying that he "made serious mistakes that I should regret, and I always will do."
On 23 October 2014, the Metropolitan Police Service agreed to pay £425,000 to a woman called Jacqui whose child was fathered by Lambert; she did not know at the time of their relationship that he was an undercover police officer. The payment was part of an agreement for her to drop her legal action alleging assault, negligence, deceit and misconduct by senior officers. She was a 22-year-old activist at the time of her relationship with Lambert – who was using the pseudonym Bob Robinson – and she gave birth to their son in 1985. When the boy was two years old his father vanished, and she told BBC News she had received psychiatric care after learning the officer's real identity. The unprecedented payment resulted from a legal battle with women who said they were duped into relationships with officers who were spying on them. Scotland Yard said it "unreservedly apologises for any pain and suffering" but added that "the Metropolitan Police Service has never had a policy that officers can use sexual relations for the purposes of policing". Scotland Yard had previously refused to either confirm or deny whether Bob Lambert was a Special Demonstration Squad operative, despite his own admissions to journalists. However, it was forced to change its position in August 2014 after a legal ruling. Lambert did not respond to BBC requests for comment on the settlement but had previously said that he wanted to apologise to women with whom he had relationships and that he had made some "serious mistakes".
Accusations of arson and perjury
In June 2012 Lambert was accused in Parliament by Caroline Lucas MP of planting the fire bomb that caused £340,000 worth of damage to the Harrow branch of a Debenhams department store in 1987 as part of his undercover work in the Animal Liberation Front. Lambert denied this.
His activities as a police spy came to public attention in the course of revelations that the Metropolitan Police have employed undercover operatives (including Mark Kennedy), some of whom acted in ways designed to disrupt the activities of the groups they infiltrated. The Guardian newspaper has suggested that Lambert might have been prosecuted under his alias – and thus perhaps gave false testimony in court – for having distributed "insulting leaflets" outside a London butcher's shop. The Derbyshire Constabulary launched an investigation called Operation Herne in 2011 which combined many allegations against the police including this one and those pertaining to the death of Stephen Lawrence. It concluded that errors were made, but stopped at assigning any individual blame as far as this case was concerned.
Other controversial activities
Lambert's undercover activities also involved using the identity of a boy who had died at the age of seven.
In 2013, it was reported that while undercover with London Greenpeace, Lambert had co-authored the 'McLibel leaflet', which resulted in a defamation lawsuit from McDonald's Corporation that took ten years to resolve.
Management of other officers engaging in controversial undercover activities
After his time undercover he was in charge of other officers in the same role. He deployed officers into Reclaim the Streets as well as campaigns for justice by families of black people whose deaths were mishandled by police, such as Stephen Lawrence.
Lambert's scholarly work includes:
- Countering Al Qaeda in London: Police and Muslims in Partnerships (2011) London, C. Hurst & Co. ISBN 978-1849041669
- Lewis, Paul; Evans, Rob (2013). Undercover: The True Story of Britain's Secret Police. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-30217-8.
- Evans, Rob; Lewis, Paul (20 January 2012). "Undercover police had children with activists". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- "No. 58729". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 June 2008. p. 19.
- Jackson, Richard (July 2008). "Counter-terrorism and communities: an interview with Robert Lambert". Critical Studies on Terrorism. 1 (2): 293–308. doi:10.1080/17539150802184678.
- Sawyer, Geoffrey. "Fresh protests over ‘police spy’ lecturer working at Holloway Road university". Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- Rob Evans, "Ex-undercover officer who infiltrated political groups resigns from academic posts", The Guardian, 23 December 2015
- "Dr Robert Lambert: Lecturer in Terrorism Studies". The Handa Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
- Evans, Rob; Lewis, Paul (16 October 2011). "Progressive academic Bob Lambert is former police spy". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
- Evans, Rob; Lewis, Paul (22 June 2013). "Undercover policemen, undercover lovers". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
- Evans, Rob; Lewis, Paul (23 October 2011). "Police spy tricked lover with activist 'cover story'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- Evans, Rob; Lewis, Paul (23 October 2011). "Undercover police: how 'romantic, attentive' impostor betrayed activist". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- Lewis, Paul; Evans, Rob; Pollak, Sorcha (24 June 2013). "Trauma of spy's girlfriend: 'like being raped by the state'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- Lewis, Paul; Evans, Rob (6 July 2013). "Home Office 'knew police stole children's identities'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- Kelly, June; Casciani, Dominic (23 October 2014). "Met pays £425,000 to mother of undercover policeman's child". BBC News. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "MP accused undercover policeman of firebombing shop". BBC News. 13 June 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- Evans, Rob; Lewis, Paul (13 June 2012). "Call for police links to animal rights firebombing to be investigated". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- "MP Caroline Lucas names undercover officer as shop fire bomber". BBC News. 13 June 2012. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
- Locke, Chris (13 June 2012). "Undercover cop alleged to have fire-bombed Debenhams for ALF". Constabulary. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
- Rickman, Dina (13 June 2012). "Caroline Lucas Exposes Allegations Ex-Undercover Cop Bob Lambert Firebombed Debenhams London Store". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
- Evans, Rob; Lewis, Paul (21 October 2011). "Second undercover officer accused of misleading court". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- Evans, Rob; Lewis, Paul (26 October 2011). "Former police spy urges public inquiry into undercover operations". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- Lewis, Paul; Evans, Rob (21 June 2013). "McLibel leaflet was co-written by undercover police officer Bob Lambert". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- "Robert Lambert: Publications". London Metropolitan University. Retrieved 25 October 2014.