Bolton (UK Parliament constituency)

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Bolton
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18321950
Number of members two
Replaced by Bolton East and Bolton West
Created from Lancashire

Bolton was a borough constituency centred on the town of Bolton in the county of Lancashire. It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons for the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the bloc vote system.

Created by the Reform Act of 1832, it was represented by two Members of Parliament. The constituency was abolished in 1950, being split into single-member divisions of Bolton East and Bolton West.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
1832 Robert Torrens Whig William Bolling (1st time) Tory
1835 Peter Ainsworth Whig
1837
1841 John Bowring Whig
1847 William Bolling (2nd time) Conservative
1848 Stephen Blair Conservative
1849 Sir Joshua Walmsley Whig
1852 Thomas Barnes (1st time) Whig Joseph Crook Whig
1857 William Gray Conservative
1859
1861 Thomas Barnes (2nd time) Liberal
1865
1868 John Hick Conservative
1874 John Kynaston Cross Liberal
1880 John Pennington Thomasson Liberal
1885 Herbert Shepherd-Cross Unionist Francis Charles Bridgeman Unionist
1886
1892
1895 Conservative George Harwood Liberal
1900
1906 Alfred Henry Gill Labour
Jan 1910
Dec 1910
1912 Thomas Taylor Liberal
1914 Robert Tootill Labour
1916 William Edge Liberal
1918 Coalition Liberal
1922 William Russell Conservative National Liberal
1923 Sir Joseph Herbert Cunliffe Conservative Albert Law (1st time) Labour
1924 Cecil Hilton Unionist
1929 Michael Brothers Labour Albert Law (2nd time) Labour
1931 Sir John Haslam Conservative Sir Cyril Fullard Entwistle Conservative
1935
1940 Sir Edward Cecil George Cadogan Conservative
1945 John Henry Jones Labour John Lewis Labour
1950 constituency abolished: see Bolton East & Bolton West

Election results[edit]

Winning candidates are highlighted in bold.

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Shepherd-Cross
George Harwood
General Election 1900: Bolton (2 seats) [1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Herbert Shepherd-Cross unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal George Harwood unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
George Goschen
General Election 1906: Bolton (2 seats) [1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Harwood 10,953 39.0 n/a
Labour Alfred Henry Gill 10,416 37.1 n/a
Conservative Hon. George Joachim Goschen 6,693 n/a
Majority n/a
Turnout 91.5 n/a
Liberal hold Swing
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
Alfred Gill
General Election January 1910: Bolton (2 seats) [1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Harwood 12,275
Labour Alfred Henry Gill 11,864
Conservative Miles Walker Mattinson 7,479
Conservative Percy Ashworth 7,326
Majority 4,385 11.3
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
Labour hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Bolton (2 seats) [1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Harwood 10,358 35.5
Labour Alfred Henry Gill 10,108 34.7
Conservative George Hesketh 8,697 29.8
Majority 1,411 4.9
Turnout 89.3
Liberal hold Swing
Labour hold Swing
Bolton by-election, 1912 (1 seat) [1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Taylor 10,011 53.1
Unionist Arthur Brooks 8,835 46.9
Majority 1,176 6.2
Turnout 18,846 88.9
Liberal hold Swing

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Bolton (2 seats) [1][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Edge [Note1] unopposed n/a n/a
Labour Robert Tootill unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
Labour hold Swing n/a
  • Note1 Endorsed by the Coalition Government

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Bolton (2 seats) [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William Russell 37,491 n/a
National Liberal Sir William Edge 31,015 n/a
Labour Samuel Lomax 20,559 n/a
Labour William James Abraham 20,156 n/a
Liberal Isaac Edwards 9,267 n/a
Turnout n/a
Majority n/a
Unionist gain from Labour Swing n/a
Majority n/a
National Liberal hold Swing n/a
General Election 1923: Bolton (2 seats) [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Law 25,133 18.6
Unionist Joseph Herbert Cunliffe 22,833 16.9
Unionist Cecil Hilton 22,640 16.8
Liberal Sir William Edge 22,173 16.5
Labour Fleming Eccles 21,045 15.6
Liberal John Fletcher Steele 21,040 15.6 +1.1
Turnout 80.0
Majority 2,493 1.8
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
Majority 660 0.4
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924: Bolton (2 seats) [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Sir Joseph Herbert Cunliffe 34,690
Unionist Cecil Hilton 33,405
Labour Albert Law 30,632
Labour William Harold Hutchinson 28,918
Liberal J. P. Taylor 10,036
Liberal Alfred Ernest Holt 8,558
Turnout
Majority
Unionist gain from Labour Swing
Majority
Unionist hold Swing
Cyril Entwistle
General Election 1929: Bolton (2 seats) [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Law 43,520 24.0
Labour Michael Brothers 37,888 20.9
Unionist Cyril Fullard Entwistle 36,667 20.3
Unionist Cecil Hilton 35,850 19.8
Liberal Patrick Redmond Barry 27,074 15.0
Turnout 180,999
Majority 1,221 0.7
Labour gain from Unionist Swing
Majority
Labour gain from Unionist Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Bolton (2 seats) [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cyril Fullard Entwistle 66,385 33.94
Conservative Sir John Haslam 63,402 32.42
Labour Albert Law 33,736 17.25
Labour Michael Brothers 32,049 16.39
Turnout 79.56
Majority
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
Majority
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1935: Bolton (2 seats) [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cyril Fullard Entwistle 54,129 29.05
Conservative Sir John Haslam 52,465 28.15
Labour Albert Law 39,890 21.41
Labour J. Lynch 39,871 21.40
Turnout 75.07
Majority
Conservative hold Swing
Majority
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

However, in the by-election held in 1940 no other parties contested the seat due to the War-time electoral pact meaning that the Conservative candidate Edward Cadogan was elected unopposed.

General Election 1945: Bolton (2 seats) [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Henry Jones 44,595 23.99
Labour John Lewis 43,266 23.28
Conservative Jeffery Fellowes Crofts Reynolds 31,217 16.79
Conservative Sir Cyril Fullard Entwistle 30,911 16.63
Liberal Robert Kewley Spedding 18,180 9.78 n/a
Liberal Brian Reginald Connell 17,710 9.53 n/a
Turnout 77.2
Majority
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
Majority 12,049 6.65
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Craig, F. W. S. (1974). British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (1 ed.). London: Macmillan. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Craig, F. W. S. (1969). British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (1 ed.). Glasgow: Political Reference Publications. 
  3. ^ "UK General Election results October 1931". Political Science Resources. 30 October 2012. Birmingham Handsworth – Bristol North. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  4. ^ "UK General Election results November 1935". Political Science Resources. 22 October 2012. Birmingham Handsworth – Bristol North. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  5. ^ "UK General Election results July 1945". Political Science Resources. 22 October 2012. Birmingham Deritend – Bridgwater. Retrieved 23 August 2016.