Bolton Priory (Pelham Manor, New York)

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Bolton Priory
Bolton Priory, 7 Priory Lane Pelham Manor, Westchester County, New York.JPG
Bolton Priory (Pelham Manor, New York) is located in New York
Bolton Priory (Pelham Manor, New York)
Bolton Priory (Pelham Manor, New York) is located in the US
Bolton Priory (Pelham Manor, New York)
Location 7 Priory Lane, Pelham Manor, New York
Coordinates 40°53′10″N 73°47′39″W / 40.88611°N 73.79417°W / 40.88611; -73.79417Coordinates: 40°53′10″N 73°47′39″W / 40.88611°N 73.79417°W / 40.88611; -73.79417
Area 3.7 acres (1.5 ha)
Built 1838
Architect Irving, Washington
NRHP Reference #

74001320

[1]
Added to NRHP June 28, 1974

Bolton Priory is an historic home built in 1838 for the Reverend Robert Bolton and his family, in the Town of Pelham in Westchester County, New York. The home stands upon a wooded tract of land overlooking Pelham Bay; the once large estate surrounding it has now diminished to 3.7 acres. Influenced by the Romantic Movement in England, Bolton chose to design the house in the Romantic idiom. The building was designed to appear as if it had been constructed over a period of time; stone was used in one section and brick in another, to give the impression of various additions.[2]

Bolton Priory serves as a good reflection of both the lifestyle and tastes of a cultivated, influential family in mid-19th century rural Pelham as well as a great example of the romantic theories of architectural design emerging in America at that time. The Priory was illustrated in the first edition of Andrew Jackson Downing's influential Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening published in 1841, in which he described it as a "highly unique residence in the old English style".[3]

The home was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1974.[1]

Overview[edit]

Purchased from the Siwanoy Indians by Thomas Pell in 1654 the tract of land known as Pelham had become by 1790 a largely agrarian settlement with a population of 199, of which 38 were slaves. Its relative proximity to New York City resulted for much of the succeeding century in the use of rural Pelham both as working farmland and as country estates for men associated with the economic and cultural life of the City to the south.[4] [5]

Born in the United States in 1778, Robert Bolton traveled as a young man to England where he received an education as a minister and married Ann Jay, daughter of an English clergyman. Returning to America with his family of 13 children, Bolton in 1836 was given St. Paul's Parish in the Town of Eastchester, Westchester County, and settled on a farm on the site of the present village of Bronxville. The following year Bolton purchased 38 acres on Shore Road in the settlement of Pelham on which he completed the Priory residence in 1838.[6]

It is believed that Washington Irving, a friend of Bolton's, was closely associated with the design of both the house and the surrounding gardens. Bolton's sons executed much of the interior finishing themselves, including the richly carved woodwork. and the stained glass made by William Jay Bolton, a pioneer in the manufacture of stained glass in America.[7]

Design[edit]

The main structure is composed of a long two-story block intersected by a gabled two-story wing, with a crenellated four story octagonal tower at the northern angle of that junction and a crenellated three-story square brick tower at the southwestern end of the main block.[8] Washington Irving gave yellow bricks from the Old Dutch Church of Sleepy Hollow to outline the construction date on the wall above the door.[9]

The interior, also essentially little altered from the 19th century scheme, contains a number of well proportioned areas on the first floor. On the second floor eight rooms are accessible from a main hall which extends the full length of the house. The craftsmanship attributed to Robert Bolton's sons is exhibited in the richly detailed woodwork such as mantels and built-in bookcases.[2]

Situated in the vicinity of the Priory are several structures associated with the property: Christ Church (1843), Christ Church Parish House (1845, 1876), Bolton Memorial Building (ca. 1848), Bolton Cottage (1810), and the Stables (1895).[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b Downing, Andrew Jackson (May 1967). A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening. Funk and Wagnalls. p. 347. 
  3. ^ Downing, Andrew Jackson (May 1967). A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening. Funk and Wagnalls. p. 347. 
  4. ^ Barr, Lockwood (1946). Ancient Town of Pelham. Richmond, V.A. 
  5. ^ Charf, Thomas J. (1886). History of Westchester County. New York (1967). 
  6. ^ a b Bolton, Reginald Pelham (1886). "Bolton Priory and Pelham Manor" The Quarterly Bulletin of the Westchester County Historical Society, Vol 6. Westchester County Historical Society. 
  7. ^ Bolton, Reginald Pelham (1886). "William Jay Bolton" The Quarterly Bulletin of the Westchester County Historical Society, Vol 9. No.2. Westchester County Historical Society. 
  8. ^ Lynn A. Beebe (May 1974). "National Register of Historic Places Registration:Bolton Priory". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2010-12-30.  See also: "Accompanying three photos". 
  9. ^ New York: A Guide to the Empire State (1940), p. 381, at Google Books

External links[edit]