Bom language

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Native toSierra Leone
Native speakers
Krim: 15–1699
Bom: 20–a few hundred (2014)[1]
  • Bom
  • Krim
Language codes
ISO 639-3bmf

The Bom language (alternates: Bome; Bomo)[3] is an endangered language of Sierra Leone. It belongs to the Mel branch of the Niger–Congo language family and is particularly closely related to the Bullom So language. Most speakers are bilingual in Mende. Use of the Bom language is declining among members of the ethnic group.[4]


The number of speakers range from 15[5] to 1669 (Census 2015)[6] for Krim and 20[7] to a few hundred for Bom.[8]


Bom is a Northern Bullom language. The Krim dialect (also known as Dilan Hassan)[3] is considered by speakers to be distinct, as speakers have separate ethnic identities.[9]


  1. ^ Bom at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Bom–Kim". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b Batibo, Herman (2005). Language decline and death in Africa: causes, consequences, and challenges. Multilingual Matters. pp. 82–. ISBN 978-1-85359-808-1. Retrieved 13 January 2011.
  4. ^ Akinsulure, M.O. (1979). Languages and Language Problems in Sierra Leone: An Annotated Bibliography. Njala University College Library.
  5. ^ Krim. Abgerufen am 7. März 2019.
  6. ^ Sierra Leone 2015 Population and Housing Census national analytical report. Statistics Sierra Leone, Oktober 2017, S. 89ff.
  7. ^ Bom. UNESCO Atlas of the World Languages in Danger.
  8. ^ Bom., 2014.
  9. ^ Childs, Tucker (2012). One or two? Bom and Kim, two highly endangered South Atlantic "languages" of Sierra Leone.

External links[edit]