Bombus fraternus

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Bombus fraternus
Bombus 8911.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Apidae
Genus: Bombus
Subgenus: Cullumanobombus
Species: B. fraternus
Binomial name
Bombus fraternus
(Smith, 1854)

Bombus fraternus is a species of bumblebee known commonly as the Southern Plains bumblebee.[1] It is native to the United States east of the Rocky Mountains. It is most often encountered in the Southeast, in areas with sandy soil. They range from New Jersey to Florida, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Colorado, and New Mexico. It is uncommon today, having faced declines in population; its estimated abundance is less than 15% of historical numbers.[2]

Description[edit]

It is unusual among Bombus species in having the hairs of the body pressed against the body surface rather than "fluffy" as is true for nearly all other species. The bumblebee is black, with two yellow bands across the thorax and the anterior part of the abdomen of the queen and worker. The male usually has only one yellow band.[3]

Behavior[edit]

The bumblebee is active from March to November. Among plants visited are Bidens, Padus, blanket flower, bush clover, Eryngium, Hypericum, Monarda, sumac, and Vaccinium.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ NatureServe. 2015. Bombus fraternus. NatureServe Explorer Version 7.1. Accessed 4 March 2016.
  2. ^ Hatfield, R., et al. 2014. Bombus fraternus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 05 March 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Discover Life - Apidae: Bombus fraternus". Discover Life (American Museum of Natural History). Retrieved March 2, 2009. 

External links[edit]