Ninox (novaeseelandiae) novaeseelandiae
Ninox is a genus of true owls comprising about 30 species found in Asia and Australasia. Many species are known as hawk owls or boobooks. Note that the northern hawk-owl Surnia ulula is not a member of this genus. Molecular analysis indicates the genus is an early offshoot from the ancestors of the rest of the true owls, and are maybe best-classified in a subfamily Ninoxinae with the genera Sceloglaux and Uroglaux. The genus was introduced by the English naturalist Brian Houghton Hodgson in 1837.
The species of Ninox are:
- Rufous owl, Ninox rufa
- Powerful owl, Ninox strenua
- Barking owl, Ninox connivens
- Sumba boobook, Ninox rudolfi
- Little Sumba hawk-owl, Ninox sumbaensis
- Morepork, Ninox novaeseelandiae
- Southern boobook, Ninox boobook
- Andaman hawk-owl, Ninox affinis
- Brown hawk-owl, Ninox scutulata
- Hume's hawk-owl, Ninox obscura
- Northern boobook, Ninox japonica
- Chocolate boobook, Ninox randi
- White-browed hawk-owl, Ninox superciliaris
- Philippine hawk-owl group
- Ochre-bellied boobook, Ninox ochracea
- Cinnabar boobook, Ninox ios
- Moluccan boobook group
- Christmas boobook, Ninox natalis
- Papuan boobook, Ninox theomacha
- Manus boobook, Ninox meeki
- Speckled boobook, Ninox punctulata
- New Ireland boobook, Ninox variegata
- New Britain boobook, Ninox odiosa
- Solomons boobook, Ninox jacquinoti
- Togian boobook, Ninox burhani
The fossil owls "Otus" wintershofensis and "Strix" brevis, both from the Early or Middle Miocene of Wintershof West, Germany, are close to this genus; the latter was sometimes explicitly placed in Ninox (Olson 1985) but is now in Intutula. "Strix" edwardsi from the Late Miocene of La Grive St. Alban, France, might also belong into this group.
In Human Culture
- "NINOX" is an Australian Army project to develop night vision goggles; it is named after Ninox strenua.
- Wink, Michael; El-Sayed, Abdel-Aziz; Sauer-Gürth, Hedi (2009). "Molecular Phylogeny of Owls (Strigiformes) Inferred from DNA Sequences of the Mitochondrial Cytochrome b and the Nuclear RAG-1 gene". Ardea. 97 (4): 581–91. doi:10.5253/078.097.0425.
- Hodgson, Brian Houghton (1837). "Indication of a new genus belonging to the Strigine family, with description of the new species and type". Madras Journal of Literature and Science. 5: 23.
- Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2014). "Master List: IOC World Bird List – Owls". IOC World Bird List. International Ornithologists’ Union. doi:10.14344/IOC.ML.4.1. Retrieved 2014-04-06.
- "ITIS Standard Report Page: Ninox novaeseelandiae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2014-04-06.
- "ITIS Standard Report Page: Ninox boobook". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2014-04-06.
- Olson, Storrs L. (1985): IX.C. Strigiformes. In: Farner, D.S.; King, J.R. & Parkes, Kenneth C. (eds.): Avian Biology 8: 129-132. Academic Press, New York.
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