Bou Saâda

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Bou Saâda
بو سعادة
Commune and town
DZ-28-20 - Bou-Saâda - Wilaya M'Sila.svg
Bou Saâda is located in Algeria
Bou Saâda
Bou Saâda
Coordinates: 35°13′09″N 4°10′54″E / 35.21917°N 4.18167°E / 35.21917; 4.18167
Country  Algeria
Province M'Sila Province
 • Total 249.34 km2 (96.27 sq mi)
Elevation 553 m (1,814 ft)
Population (2008 census)
 • Total 111,787
 • Density 450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
Postal code 28001

Bou Saada (Arabic: بو سعادة‎‎, bu s‘adah, meaning "place of happiness[1]") is a town and municipality in M'Sila Province, Algeria, situated 245 km south of Algiers. As Arena it was the site of a city and bishopric in Roman Africa, now a Catholic titular see. The municipal population was estimated at 134,000 in 2008.


Bou-Saada is located in the southwest of the Hodna region in the Hauts Plateaux, at the feet of the Ouled Naïl Range of the Saharan Atlas.

Bou-Saada has traditionally been an important market place producing and selling jewelry, metalwork, carpets and bousaadi knives. There is also a textile mill in town. Even in modern times, Bou-Saada is an important trading post for nomads. There is also some national tourism during winter. Bou-Saada is well-connected with other urban centres by road. M'Sila is 70 km northeast, Biskra is 175 km east, Bordj Bou Arreridj 130 km northeast and Djelfa 120 km southwest. Bou-Saada has two quarters, the old medina (ksar) within the city walls with arched alleyways, and the French town to the south. Surrounding the town are extensive date groves.

Historical population[1]
Year Population
1954 66,800
1966 26,300
1977 46,800 (town)
50,100 (municipality)
1987 68,700
1998 99,800
2000 104,800
2008 134,000

Ecclesiastical History[edit]

Arena was important enough in the Late Roman province of Mauretania Caesariensis to be one of the many suffragans of its capital Caesarea Mauretaniae's Metropolitan Archbishopric; discontinued as a consequence of the Arab conquest of North Africa.

Titular see[edit]

The diocese was nominally restored in 1933 as Latin Catholic titular bishopric.

It has had the following incumbents, of the fitting episcopal (lowest) rank :

  • Luís António de Almeida (1935.10.04 – 1941.04.19)
  • Joseph-Conrad Chaumont (1941.06.28 – 1966.10.08)
  • György Zemplén (1969.01.10 – 1973.03.29)
  • Roger-Émile Aubry, Redemptorists (C.SS.R.) (1973.06.14 – 2010.02.17)
  • Mário Antônio da Silva (2010.06.09 – ...), Auxiliary Bishop of Manaus (Brazil)

Rock art[edit]

In the municipality, located not far from the village of Ben Srour, are several petroglyph sites of archaeological interest.[2][3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "ALGERIA: urban population". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2016-07-27. 
  2. ^ Tixier, J. (1958-1960) Gravures rupestres de Bou Saâda (Algérie)" Bulletin de la Société Royale Belge d'Études Géologiques et Archéologiques 17: pp. 21-27, in French
  3. ^ Poyto, R. (1976) "Les rupestres de Ben-S'rour, Daïra de Bou-Saâda" Libyca Alger 24: pp. 195-202, in French

Sources and External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°46′N 4°35′E / 36.767°N 4.583°E / 36.767; 4.583