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Temporal range: Carboniferous-Late Cretaceous
~300–66 Ma
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Gymnospermae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Araucariales
Family: Araucariaceae
Genus: Brachyphyllum
A. T. Brongniart 1828[1]
  • B. castatum
  • B. castilhoi
  • B. punctatum
  • B. sattlerae[2]
  • B. japonicum[3]
  • B. dimorpha

Brachyphyllum (meaning "short leaf") is a form genus of fossil coniferous plant foliage. Plants of the genus have been variously assigned to several different conifer groups including Araucariaceae and Cheirolepidiaceae.[4] They are known from around the globe from the Late Carboniferous to the Late Cretaceous periods.[1] B. sattlerae was named after the fictional palaebotanist Ellie Sattler from the Jurassic Park franchise.[2]

List of species[edit]

  • B. yorkense
  • B. castatum
  • B. castilhoi
  • B. punctatum
  • B. sattlerae[2]
  • B. japonicum[3]
  • B. dimorpha[5]

Location of palaeontological sites[edit]

Correspondence with other plant elements[edit]

Amongst Cheirolepidiaceae, Brachyphyllum is known to be associated with the conifer cones Pararaucaria[8] and Kachaikestrobus.[9] Whilst amongst the Araucariaceae, it has been associated with the pollen cone Rabagostrobus.[10]


  1. ^ a b Brachyphyllum in the Paleobiology Database
  2. ^ a b c d Batista, Maria E. P.; Kunzmann, Lutz; Sá, Artur A.; Saraiva, Antônio Á. F.; Loiola, Maria I. B. (2020). "A New Species of Brachyphyllum from the Crato Formation (Lower Cretaceous), Araripe Basin, Brazil". Ameghiniana. 57 (6). doi:10.5710/AMGH.23.06.2020.3333. S2CID 226545919.
  3. ^ a b c Kim, Jong-Heon; Nam, Kye-Soo; Lee, Seong-Bok; Jeon, Yeong-Seok (2016). "Fossil Plants from the Early Cretaceous Hasandong Formation of Chilgok Area, Korea" (PDF). Journal of the Korean Earth Science Society. 37 (5): 295−308. doi:10.5467/JKESS.2016.37.5.295.
  4. ^ Taylor, Edith L.; Taylor, Thomas N.; Krings, Michael (2009). Paleobotany: The Biology and Evolution of Fossil Plants. Academic Press. pp. 833–834, 844–845, 848. ISBN 9780080557830.
  5. ^ a b Morales-Toledo, J.; Cevallos-Ferriz, S.R.S. (21 July 2023). "Is biodiversity promoted in rift-associated basins? Evidence from Middle Jurassic conifers from the Otlaltepec Formation in Puebla, Mexico". Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. 318: 104952. Bibcode:2023RPaPa.31804952M. doi:10.1016/j.revpalbo.2023.104952. S2CID 260077898.
  6. ^ "Serviço Geológico do Brasil" (PDF). Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  7. ^ Monje et al., 2016, p.38
  8. ^ Escapa, Ignacio H.; Rothwell, Gar W.; Stockey, Ruth A.; Cúneo, N. Rubén (June 2012). "Seed cone anatomy of Cheirolepidiaceae (Coniferales): Reinterpreting Pararaucaria patagonica Wieland". American Journal of Botany. 99 (6): 1058–1068. doi:10.3732/ajb.1100544. hdl:11336/194744. ISSN 0002-9122. PMID 22665438.
  9. ^ Del Fueyo, Georgina M.; Archangelsky, Sergio; Llorens, Magdalena; Cúneo, Rubén (July 2008). "Coniferous Ovulate Cones from the Lower Cretaceous of Santa Cruz Province, Argentina". International Journal of Plant Sciences. 169 (6): 799–813. doi:10.1086/533608. hdl:11336/111061. ISSN 1058-5893. S2CID 85615745.
  10. ^ Kvaček, Jiří; Barrón, Eduardo; Heřmanová, Zuzana; Mendes, Mário Miguel; Karch, Jakub; Žemlička, Jan; Dudák, Jan (November 2018). Seyfullah, Leyla (ed.). "Araucarian conifer from late Albian amber of northern Spain". Papers in Palaeontology. 4 (4): 643–656. Bibcode:2018PPal....4..643K. doi:10.1002/spp2.1223. S2CID 134837045.