Brain fingerprinting

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Brain fingerprinting is a lie detection technique which uses electroencephalography (EEG) to determine whether specific information is stored in a subject's brain. The technique consists of measuring and recording a person's electrical brainwaves and brain response when asked questions about a crime, attempting to elicit a "P300 response" that indicates familiarity with the details of the crime.[1] The technique is controversial, unproven[1] and of questionable accuracy.[2] Comparison of brain fingerprinting with polygraphy showed mixed results consistent with "a mix of proven techniques and dangerously exaggerated benefits".[1]

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  1. ^ a b c Brandom, Russell (2015-02-02). "Is 'brain fingerprinting' a breakthrough or a sham?". The Verge.
  2. ^ Rosenfeld, J. P. (2005). "Brain fingerprinting: A critical analysis" (PDF). Scientific Review of Mental Health Practice. 4 (1): 20–37.

Farwell, L.A.., Richardson, D.C., & Richardson, G.M. (2013). Brain fingerprinting field studies comparing P300-MERMER and P300 brainwave responses in the detection of concealed information. DOI 10.1007/s11571-012-9230-0, Cognitive Neurodynamics 7(4): 263-299 (PDF); Cognitive Neurodynamics website

   Farwell L.A., Richardson D.C., Richardson G.M .and Furedy J.J. (2014). Brain fingerprinting classification concealed information test detects US Navy military medical information with P300. Front. Neurosci. 8:410. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00410

Farwell, L. (2014). Brain Fingerprinting: Detection of Concealed Information, in Wiley Encyclopedia of Forensic Science, A. Jamieson and A.A. Moenssens, eds. Chichester: John Wiley. DOI: 10.1002/9780470061589.fsa1013. Published 16th June 2014 (PDF). Wiley Online Library

   Farwell, L.A. (2012). Brain fingerprinting: a comprehensive tutorial review of detection of concealed information with event-related brain potentials, Cognitive Neurodynamics 6:115-154, DOI 10.1007/s11571-012-9192-2.
   Farwell, L. A. and Smith, S. S. (2001).  Using Brain MERMER Testing to Detect Concealed Knowledge Despite Efforts to Conceal.  Journal of Forensic Sciences 46,1: 135-143.
   Farwell, L.A. and Makeig, T.H. (2005), Farwell Brain Fingerprinting in the case of Harrington v. State.  Open Court, X [10]:3, 7-10. Indiana State Bar Association, September 2005.