2015 Bremen state election

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2015 Bremen state election

← 2011 10 May 2015 2019 →

All 83 seats of the Bürgerschaft of Bremen
42 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Portrait Buergermeister Boehrnsen.jpg MK28155 Elisabeth Motschmann.jpg Karoline Linnert.jpg
Leader Jens Böhrnsen Elisabeth Motschmann Karoline Linnert
Party SPD CDU Green
Last election 38.6% 20.4% 22.5%
Seats before 36 20 21
Seats won 29 20 14
Seat change Decrease7 Steady0 Decrease7
Percentage 32.9% 22.4% 15.1%
Swing Decrease5.7% Increase2.0% Decrease7.4%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  2014-07-16 - Vogt, Kristina MdBB - 4147.jpg Steiner, Lencke-9209.jpg Schäfer, Christian-9015.jpg
Leader Kristina Vogt Lencke Wischhusen Christian Schäfer
Party Left FDP AfD
Last election 5.6% 2.4% N/A
Seats before 5 0 N/A
Seats won 8 6 4
Seat change Increase3 Increase6 Increase4
Percentage 9.5% 6.5% 5.5%
Swing Increase3.9% Increase4.1% N/A

  Seventh party
  Jan Timke-4572.jpg
Leader Jan Timke
Party BIW
Last election 3.7%
Seats before 1
Seats won 1
Seat change Steady0
Percentage 3.2%
Swing Decrease0.5%

Mayor before election

Jens Böhrnsen
SPD

Elected Mayor

Carsten Sieling
SPD

A Bremen state election were held on 10 May 2015,[1] to elect the Bürgerschaft (state legislature) as well as the Bremische Stadtbürgerschaft and the Stadtverordnetenversammlung Bremerhaven (city legislatures).[2]

Electoral system[edit]

Since the 2011 elections, Bremen has a new electoral system. Each voter may distribute five votes among party lists or candidate inscribed in them. (Cumulative voting and Panachage).[3]

The state of Bremen consists of two cities, Bremen and Bremerhaven. Of the 83 members of the state legislature, 68 are elected in Bremen, 15 in Bremerhaven. To be allocated seats from either Bremen or Bremerhaven a party must receive 5% of the vote or more in the respective city. In Bremen (but not in Bremerhaven), the same ballot is used to determine the composition of the city legislature, also consisting of 68 members who in most cases are the same as Bremen's representatives in the state legislature. Differences may, however, arise since EU citizens resident in Bremen who are not also German citizens may vote in city legislature elections but not in state legislature elections.[4] In the 2003 elections, the 2007 elections, and the current election, this led to one or more of Bremen's seats being allocated to different candidates in the state legislature and in the city legislature.

The state government (Senate), the head of state government (President of the Senate), and the heads of the city governments (Mayor) are later elected by the respective legislatures.

Suffrage[edit]

All Germans who have lived in Bremen for at least three months prior to the election are eligible to vote. As of the last election, the voting age is 16, the eligibility age 18. Non-German EU citizens resident in Bremen may vote in city legislature elections but not in state legislature elections which for German citizens in Bremen (but not in Bremerhaven) happen with the same votes on the same ballot.

Pre-election standings[edit]

Following the election in 2011, the Social Democrats and Greens continued their coalition government from the previous legislative period. The composition changed several times since the last election following the death of Renate Möbius, Martin Korol took her place in the SPD caucus. He later left the party and sat as an independent before joining the Citizens in Rage. For the CDU, Oğuzhan Yazıcı replaced Elisabeth Motschmann when she was elected to the Bundestag. There were personnel changes in the caucus of Alliance '90/The Greens as well.

Opinion polls[edit]

Polling firm Fieldwork date Sample
size
SPD Grüne CDU Linke BIW FDP AfD Others Lead
2015 state election 10 May 2015 32.8 15.1 22.4 9.5 3.2 6.6 5.5 4.8 10.4
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 6–7 May 2015 1,000 36.0 15.0 23.0 8.5 3.0 6.5 5.0 3.0 13
Infratest dimap 28–29 Apr 2015 1,001 37 16 22 8 3 6 5 3 15
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 27–29 Apr 2015 1,013 37 15 23 9 3 5 5 3 14
INSA 16–20 Apr 2015 500 37 12 25 9 3 6 5 3 12
Infratest dimap 10–14 Apr 2015 1,001 38 16 23 6 3 5 5 4 15
2014 European election 25 May 2014 34.4 17.6 22.4 9.6 3.3 5.8 6.9 12.0
FGW Telefonfeld 31 Mar–9 Apr 2014 1,002 40 16 28 8 3 5 12
Emnid 15–25 Jan 2014 1,401 37 17 21 9 3 5 8 16
2013 federal election 22 Sep 2013 35.6 12.1 29.3 10.1 3.4 3.7 5.8 6.3
2011 state election 22 May 2011 38.6 22.5 20.4 5.6 3.7 2.4 6.9 16.1

Results[edit]

e • d Summary of the 2015 Parliament of Bremen election results
< 2011  Flag of Bremen.svg  Next >
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes % +/– Seats +/–
Social Democratic Party of Germany
Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands – SPD
383,509 32.8 Decrease3.8 29 Decrease7
Christian Democratic Union
Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands – CDU
261,929 22.4 Increase2.0 20 Decrease8
Alliance '90/The Greens
Bündnis 90/Die Grünen
176,807 15.1 Decrease7.4 14 Decrease7
Left
Die Linke
111.485 9.5 Increase3.9 8 Increase3
Free Democratic Party
Freie Demokratische Partei – FDP
76,754 6.5 Increase4.1 6 Increase6
Alternative for Germany
Alternative für Deutschland – AfD
64,368 5.5 N/A 4 N/A
Citizens in Rage
Bürger in Wut – BIW
37,759 3.2 Decrease0.5 1 Steady0
Die PARTEI
Partei für Arbeit, Rechtsstaat, Tierschutz, Elitenförderung und basisdemokratische Initiative
21,888 1.9 N/A 0 N/A
Pirate Party Germany
Piratenpartei Deutschland
17,773 1.5 Decrease0.4 0 Steady0
Human Environment Animal Protection
Mensch Umwelt Tierschutz
13,910 1.2 N/A 0 N/A
National Democratic Party of Germany
Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands - NPD
2,170 0.2 Decrease1.4 0 Steady0
Turnout 1,168,352 50.2 Decrease5.3
Electorate 2,327,394 100.00

Provisional results; the AfD did not reach the 5% threshold in Bremerhaven (and will hence only receive seats for votes from Bremen), the BIW did not reach the threshold in Bremen (and will only receive one seat in Bremerhaven, none in Bremen).[5][6]

Aftermath[edit]

Analysts expressed surprise about the low turnout of just 50.1% (the lowest since 1945 in state legislature elections in a West German state) and concern about a particularly low turnout in poor areas which was seen as a hint at the disillusionment of the poor with politics.[7] The unexpectedly meager result of the SPD prompted the President of the Senate (head of the state government) and Mayor (head of the city government), Jens Böhrnsen, to resign. Since his governing coalition (the SPD and the Greens) still received a majority of seats, it was, however, expected that the coalition would continue with a new head of government.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Die nächsten Landtags- und Kommunalwahlen in Deutschland" [The next state and local elections in Germany]. Wahlrecht.de. March 12, 2014. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  2. ^ "Wahlen". Bremen. Retrieved December 3, 2010.
  3. ^ "BremWahlG" [Bremen Electoral Law] (in German). Gesetzesportal. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2014.
  4. ^ "Bremer Wahl-ABC" (in German). Statistisches Landesamt Bremen (Statistical Office of the State of Bremen). Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  5. ^ "Bürgerschafts- und Beirätewahlen 2015, Vorläufiges Endergebnis" [2015 elections for Bürgerschaft and Beiräte (state, city, and local legislature), preliminary results] (in German). Statistisches Landesamt Bremen (Statistical Office of the State of Bremen). Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  6. ^ "Bürgerschaftswahl am 10. Mai 2015 in Bremen".
  7. ^ "Ärmere gehen seltener zur Wahl" [The poor participate less often in elections] (in German). Nordwest Zeitung. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  8. ^ "Bremen Mayor Jens Böhrnsen declines rerturning to chief minister's post". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved May 18, 2015.