Brian Kennedy (gallery director)

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Brian P. Kennedy is the ninth director of the Toledo Museum of Art. He previously served as the director of the Hood Museum of Art and the National Gallery of Australia (Canberra).

Brian Patrick Kennedy (born 5 November 1961) is an Irish-born art museum director who works internationally. He is currently the Director of the Toledo Museum of Art in Ohio. He was the Director of the Hood Museum of Art from 2005 to 2010, and the National Gallery of Australia (Canberra) from 1997-2004.

United States[edit]

Brian Kennedy currently lives and works in the United States after leaving Australia in 2005 to direct the Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth College. In October 2010 he became the ninth Director of the Toledo Museum of Art.[1]

Toledo Museum of Art[edit]

The Toledo Museum of Art is known for its exceptional collections of European and American paintings and sculpture, glass, antiquities, artist books, Japanese prints and netsuke. The Museum offers free admission and is recognized for its historical leadership in the field of art education. During his tenure, Kennedy has focused the Museum’s art education efforts on visual literacy, which he defines as "learning to read, understand and write visual language." Initiatives have included baby[2] and toddler tours, specialized training for all staff, docents, volunteers and the launch of a website, In November 2014, the Museum hosted the International Visual Literacy Association (IVLA) conference, the first Museum to do so.[3] Kennedy has been a frequent speaker on the topic, including 2010[4] and 2013[5] TEDx talks on visual and sensory literacy.

Kennedy has expressed an interest in expanding the Museum’s collection of contemporary art and art by indigenous peoples.[6] Works by Frank Stella, Sean Scully, Jaume Plensa,[7] Ravinder Reddy[8] and Mary Sibande[9] have been acquired. In addition, the Museum has made major acquisitions of Old Master paintings by Frans Hals[10] and Luca Giordano.[11]

During his tenure the Toledo Museum of Art has announced the return of several objects from its collection due to claims the objects were stolen and/or illegally exported prior being sold to the Museum. In 2011 a Meissen sweetmeat stand was returned to Germany followed by an Etruscan Kalpis or water jug to Italy (2013), an Indian sculpture of Ganesha (2014)[12] and an astrological compendium to Germany in 2015.[13][14]

Hood Museum of Art[edit]

Kennedy became Director of the Hood Museum of Art in July 2005.[15] During his tenure, he implemented a series of large and small-scale exhibitions and over saw the production of more that 20 publications to bring greater public attention to the museum's remarkable collections of the arts of America, Europe, African, Papua New Guinea and the Polar regions. At 70,000 objects, the Hood has one of the largest collections on any American college of university campus. The exhibition, Black Womanhood: Images, Icons, and Ideologies of the African Body, toured several US venues. Kennedy increased campus curricular use of works of art, with thousands of objects pulled from storage for classes annually. Numerous acquisitions were made with the museum's generous endowments, and he curated several exhibitions: including Wenda Gu: Forest of Stone Steles: Retranslation and Rewriting Tang Dynasty Poetry], Sean Scully: The Art of the Stripe, and Frank Stella: Irregular Polygons.[16]

Early Life and Career in Ireland[edit]

Kennedy was born in Dublin and attended Clonkeen College. He received B.A. (1982), M.A. (1985) and Ph.D (1989) degrees from University College-Dublin, where he studied both art history and history.

He worked in the Irish Department of Education (1982), the European Commission, Brussels (1983), and in Ireland at the Chester Beatty Library (1983–85), Government Publications Office (1985–86), and Department of Finance (1986–89). He married Mary Fiona Carlin in 1988.[17][18]

He was Assistant Director at the National Gallery of Ireland in Dublin from 1989 to 1997. He was Chair of the Irish Association of Art Historians from 1996–97,[19] and of the Council of Australian Art Museum Directors from 2001-03. In September 1997 he became Director of the National Gallery of Australia.


National Gallery of Australia (NGA)[edit]

Kennedy expanded the traveling exhibitions and loans program throughout Australia, arranged for several major shows of Australian art abroad, increased the number of exhibitions at the museum itself and oversaw the development of an extensive multi-media site. Although he oversaw several years of the museum's highest ever annual visitation, he discontinued the emphasis of his predecessor, Betty Churcher, on showing "blockbuster" exhibitions.

During his directorship, the NGA gained government support for improving the building and significant private donations and corporate sponsorship. Private funding supported many notable acquisitions including David Hockney's A Bigger Grand Canyon in 1999, and Lucian Freud's After Cézanne in 2001. Kennedy built on the established collections at the museum by acquiring the Holmgren-Spertus collection of Indonesian textiles; the Kenneth Tyler collection of editioned prints, screens, multiples and unique proofs; and the Australian Print Workshop Archive. He also introduced free admission to the gallery, except to major exhibitions. He was also notable for campaigning for the construction of a new "front" entrance to the Gallery, facing King Edward Terrace, which was completed in 2010.

Kennedy's cancellation of the "Sensation exhibition" (scheduled at the NGA from 2 June 2000 to 13 August 2000) was controversial, and seen by some as censorship. The exhibition was created by the Young British Artists of the Saatchi Gallery and attracted large attendances in London and Brooklyn. Its most controversial work was Chris Ofili's The Holy Virgin Mary, a painting which used elephant dung and was accused of being blasphemous. The then-mayor of New York, Rudolph Giuliani, campaigned against the exhibition, claiming it was "Catholic-bashing" and an "aggressive, vicious, disgusting attack on religion." In November 1999, Kennedy cancelled the exhibition and stated that the events in New York had "obscured discussion of the artistic merit of the works of art". He has said that it "was the toughest decision of my professional life, so far."[20]

Kennedy was also repeatedly questioned about the NGA's twenty-year-old air-conditioning system. The air-conditioning was finally renovated in 2003.[21] Kennedy announced in 2002 that he would not seek extension of his contract beyond 2004, accepting a seven-year term as had his two predecessors.[22]

He became a joint Irish-Australian citizen in 2003.[23]


Kennedy has written or edited a number of books on art, including:

Honors and Professional Achievements[edit]

Kennedy was awarded the Australian Centenary Medal in 2001 for service to Australian Society and its art.[24] He is a trustee and treasurer of the Association of Art Museum Directors, a peer reviewer for the American Association of Museums and a member of the International Association of Art Critics. In 2013 he was appointed inaugural eminent professor at the University of Toledo and received an honorary doctorate from Lourdes University.[25] Most recently, Kennedy received the 2014 Northwest Region, Ohio Art Education Association award for distinguished educator for art education.


  1. ^ "Brian P. Kennedy chosen as new director of Toledo Museum of Art". Cleveland Plain Dealer. June 30, 2010. Retrieved 30 April 2015. 
  2. ^ "TAP Tested: TMA Baby Tours". Toledo Parent News. May 2013. Retrieved 30 April 2015. 
  3. ^ "IVLA 2014 Conference Registration". International Visual Literacy Association. Retrieved 2015-04-29. 
  4. ^ "Visual Literacy: Why We Need It". YouTube. TEDx Talks. Retrieved 29 April 2015. 
  5. ^ "Sensory Literacy: Brian Kennedy at TEDx Toledo". YouTube. TEDx Toledo. Retrieved 29 April 2015. 
  6. ^ Criswell, Kristen (2010-09-09). "Brian Kennedy starts as new director of TMA". Toledo Free Press. Retrieved 2015-04-29. 
  7. ^ Lane, Tahree (2013-03-13). "Superstar sculptor Jaume Plensa to give a talk at the art museum". The Blade. Retrieved 2015-04-29. 
  8. ^ "Apollo Society Acquires Contemporary Indian Work". Toledo Museum of Art. Retrieved 2015-04-29. 
  9. ^ "Apollo Society Selects Works by Global Contemporary Artists". Toledo Museum of Art. Retrieved 2015-04-29. 
  10. ^ Lane, Tahree (2011-10-04). "Toledo Museum of Art gets prized Dutch painting". The Blade. Retrieved 2015-04-29. 
  11. ^ Lindstrom, Linda (2014-11-14). "Toledo Museum of Art unveils Italian Baroque masterpiece". The Blade. Retrieved 2015-04-29. 
  12. ^ Mashberg, Tom (2015-04-07). "Museums Begin Returning Artifacts to India in Response to Investigation". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-04-29. 
  13. ^ Mullen, Roneisha (2014-10-02). "Bronze statue on display at Toledo Museum of Art being returned to Government of India". The Blade. Retrieved 2015-04-29. 
  14. ^ "Provenance". Retrieved 2015-04-29. 
  15. ^ "Brian Kennedy appointed Director of Dartmouth's Hood Museum of Art". Dartmouth News. 2005-03-08. Retrieved 2006-10-14. 
  16. ^ Hood Museum of Art. Dartmouth College Archived from the original on 5 May 2015. Retrieved 30 April 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  17. ^ Who's Who in Australia. 2004. 
  18. ^ Who's Who in America. 2009. 
  19. ^ "Arts and human rights". Humanities Research Centre, Australian National University. 2003-07-30. Retrieved 2006-10-17. 
  20. ^ Valerie M. Arvidson (2006). "A Curator from the Outback". Dartmouth Free Press. Retrieved 2006-10-14. 
  21. ^ "Passing on a 'poisoned chalice'". The Age. 2004-02-14. Retrieved 2006-10-14. 
  22. ^ "National Gallery Director resigns". PM. 2004-02-09. Retrieved 2006-11-10. 
  23. ^ Alan Ramsey. "The Irish-Aussie eyes were smiling", Sydney Morning Herald, 28 August 2004. Retrieved 24 July 2014
  24. ^ It's an Honour. Retrieved 24 July 2014
  25. ^ "Lourdes University's Commencement". Toledo Blade. 2014-05-18. Retrieved 30 April 2015. 
Cultural offices
Preceded by
Betty Churcher
Director of the National Gallery of Australia
Succeeded by
Ron Radford