Toledo Museum of Art
|Location||2445 Monroe Street|
|Coordinates||41°39′25″N 83°33′34″W / 41.65694°N 83.55944°WCoordinates: 41°39′25″N 83°33′34″W / 41.65694°N 83.55944°W|
|Director||Adam M. Levine|
|Public transit access||TARTA|
The Toledo Museum of Art is an internationally known art museum located in the Old West End neighborhood of Toledo, Ohio. It houses a collection of more than 30,000 objects. With 45 galleries, it covers 280,000 square feet and is currently in the midst of a massive multiyear expansion plan to its 40-acre campus. The museum was founded by Toledo glassmaker Edward Drummond Libbey in 1901, and moved to its current location, a Greek revival building designed by Edward B. Green and Harry W. Wachter, in 1912. The main building was expanded twice, in the 1920s and 1930s. Other buildings were added in the 1990s and 2006. The museum's main building consists of 4 1/2 acres of floor space on two levels. Features include fifteen classroom studios, a 1,750-seat Peristyle concert hall, a 176-seat lecture hall, a café and gift shop. The museum averages some 380,000 visitors per year and, in 2010, was voted America's favorite museum by the readers of the visual arts website Modern Art Notes.
The Toledo Museum of Art's eleventh and current director is Adam M. Levine.
The museum holds major collections of glass art and of 19th- and 20th-century European and American art, as well as small but distinguished collections of Renaissance, Greek, Roman and Japanese art. Notable individual works include Peter Paul Rubens's The Crowning of Saint Catherine; Fragonard's Blind Man's Bluff; Vincent van Gogh's Houses at Auvers; minor works by Rembrandt and El Greco; and modern works by Willem de Kooning, Henry Moore, and Sol LeWitt. Other artists in the permanent collection include Holbein, Cole, Cropsey, Turner, Tissot, Degas, Monet, Cézanne, Matisse, Miró, Picasso, Calder, Bearden, Close, and Kiefer.
The Peristyle, a 1,750-seat concert hall in the east wing, is the principal concert space for the Toledo Symphony Orchestra and hosts the museum's Masters series. Added in 1933, it was designed in classical style to match the museum's exterior. Seating is divided into floor and riser seating, with the riser seating arranged in a half-circle, similar to a Greek theater. At the back of the riser seating are 28 Ionic columns that give the concert hall its name.
A sculpture garden containing primarily postwar works was added in 2001; it runs in a narrow band along the museum's Monroe Street facade. (Earlier sculptures are on display in the interior).
Center for the Visual Arts and the Glass Pavilion
A Center for the Visual Arts, designed by Frank Gehry, was added in the 1990s. It includes the museum's library as well as studio, office, and classroom space for the art department of the University of Toledo.
In 2000, the museum chose the architectural firm of SANAA to design a new building to house the institution's glass collection. It was the firm's first commission in the United States. Front Inc. was appointed to assist the architects in developing technical concepts for the glass wall systems. Much of the $30 million Glass Pavilion's financing came through the largest public fundraising drive in Toledo's history. The building's curved glass walls were imported from China.
The 74,000-square foot Glass Pavilion opened in August 2006 to considerable critical acclaim. ArtNet described it as "a striking symbol of cultural power. Intended to give pride of place to the institution’s collection of art glass." In his review for The New York Times, Nicolai Ouroussoff wrote, "Composed with exquisite delicacy, the pavilion's elegant maze of curved glass walls represents the latest monument to evolve in a chain extending back to the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles." Ouroussoff commented on the pavilion's relationship with the museum's other buildings: "The Glass Pavilion is part of a loosely knit complex that includes the Beaux-Arts-style art museum here and the University of Toledo’s Center for the Visual Arts, designed by Frank Gehry. With its grand staircase leading up to a row of Ionic columns, the original museum is both a temple to art and a monument to the belief in high culture’s ability to uplift the life of the worker. The new structure’s low, horizontal form, fits in this context with remarkable delicacy, as if the architects hesitated to disturb the surroundings." The Pavilion is host to 700 public glass blowing exhibitions per year, as well as cutting edge community events such as (Re)New Year's Days, a one-of-a-kind experience inspired by art, yoga, movement, and meditation, and Art of the Cut, a celebration of Black barbers and their roles as artists and men's wellness advocates that was sponsored by ProMedica.
The building showcases the museum's original glass collection and several new works, including one prominent glass sculpture by Dale Chihuly.
Master of the Morrison Triptych, c. 1500-1510
Lot and His Daughters by Artemisia Gentileschi, 1635-1638
Self-Portrait by Bartholomeus van der Helst, 1655
Blind Man's Bluff by Jean-Honoré Fragonard, c. 1750
Children in a Chariot by Francisco Goya, 1778
Copy of Jacques-Louis David's Oath of the Horatii by his pupil Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson, 1786
Portrait of Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry by Gilbert Stuart, 1818.
The Architect's Dream by Thomas Cole, 1840
Starrucca Viaduct, Pennsylvania by Jasper Francis Cropsey, 1865
The Aqueduct at Marly by Alfred Sisley, 1874
Road at Wargemont by Pierre-Auguste Renoir, 1879
Portrait of Antonin Proust by Édouard Manet, 1880
Wheat Fields with Reaper by Vincent van Gogh, 1888
Houses at Auvers by Vincent van Gogh, 1890
The Bridge, Blackwell's Island by George Bellows, 1909
Water Lilies by Claude Monet, 1922
- ^ a b c "2019 Annual Report" (PDF). Retrieved August 22, 2020.
- ^ "Our Team". The Toledo Museum of Art. July 28, 2017. Retrieved August 22, 2020.
- ^ "About". Toledo Museum of Art. July 13, 2017.
- ^ "Historic Date Observed Jan. 17 at Toledo Museum of Art" (PDF). The Toledo Museum of Art. January 5, 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 10, 2012. Retrieved January 17, 2012.
The Museum's iconic building […] at 2445 Monroe St. opened to the public for the first time […] on Jan. 17, 1912.
- ^ Putney, Richard: "Medieval Art, Medieval People", pages 5-7. Toledo Museum of Art, 2002.
- ^ Bintz, Carol; Bernard, Paul (Winter 2014). "The Art of High Efficiency" (PDF). High Performing Buildings. Retrieved September 3, 2021.
- ^ "2010 Annual Report" (PDF). Retrieved August 22, 2020.
- ^ "Adam Levine takes the helm of TMA amid a pandemic". Toledo Blade. May 2, 2020. Retrieved May 2, 2020.
- ^ Front Inc. – official website
- ^ a b Davis, Ben. "Glass Houses". artnet Magazine. Retrieved September 3, 2021.
- ^ Areddy, James T. (August 29, 2010). "In Toledo, the 'Glass City,' New Label: Made in China - WSJ.com". Online.wsj.com. Retrieved September 8, 2012.
- ^ Ouroussoff, Nicolai (August 28, 2006). "A Crystal Showcase Reflects a City's Glass Legacy". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
- ^ "April 8 Art Minute: Dale Chihuly, "Campiello del Remer #2"". The Toledo Museum of Art. April 8, 2016. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
- Official website
- Center for Visual Arts, University of Toledo
- Video review of the Museum with on-site footage
- Toledo Museum of Art within Google Arts & Culture
- Media related to Toledo Museum of Art at Wikimedia Commons