Brno hlavní nádraží

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Brno main railway station
Brno hlavní nádraží (Czech)
combined
Průčelí hlavního nádraží v Brně.jpg
Brno main train station - Brno hlavní nádraží.
Location Brno, Nádražní street 418/1
Czech Republic
Coordinates 49°06′46″N 16°21′53″E / 49.1127°N 16.3646°E / 49.1127; 16.3646Coordinates: 49°06′46″N 16°21′53″E / 49.1127°N 16.3646°E / 49.1127; 16.3646
Owned by České dráhy
SŽDC
Platforms 6 (10 side platforms)
Connections Brno Tramway, Brno Trolleybuses, Brno Buses
Construction
Architect Josef Oehm
History
Opened 16 December 1838; 177 years ago (1838-12-16)
Rebuilt 1902–1904
1987-1989
Electrified yes
Traffic
Passengers 47.000

Brno hlavní nádraží (translated from Czech as Brno main railway station and abbreviated Brno hl. n.) is the principal railway station in Brno, the largest city in the South Moravian Region and the second largest in the Czech Republic. Railway station is situated in a convenient location directly on the city centre the former fortification wall circuit (The Brno Ringstrasse). The most important city buildings are within comfortable walking distance. It is one of the oldest railway stations in the Czech Republic, having been in operation since 1839.

History[edit]

The first buildin of Brno railway station since September 1838

First railway station[edit]

Brno main railway station was built in 1838 as one of the first 10-15 railway stations in the world. It was the second final point on the track Vienna - Brno, one of the branches of Emperor Ferdinand Northern Railway. On the 16 November 1838 it was put into a trial and exhibitional operation and on the 7 July 1939 into the commercial operation in the full extent. At the beginning it was designed as a terminal station.

Second railway station[edit]

Railway station became through station after a construction of the second rival Státní severní dráhy/The Northern Railway (Imperial Royal Austrian State Railways) in 1849. As soon as the traffic at the railway station, which was occupied by two competitive companies, started to grow, some space limitation caused by bevelled shape between two segments of a polygonal principle Brno Ringstrasse.

The third railway station[edit]

At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries the side wings of individual companies were connected with a single Concourse (entrance hall), which served to both of them. The author of this partially Art Nouveau building was architect Josef Oehm. The hall has an outline of 18x25 metres. The oldest transverse subway leads in its axis under the platform 4. The hall construction was finished in 1904. Railway station was partially and surfacing (visual only) modernized in 1947 by architect Bohuslav Fuchs, the last time in 1988.

The description of the railway station[edit]

The Railjet train Bedřich Smetana to Prague and RegioPenter at 2. platform
The RailJet connection to Vienna

Brno railway station is combined. It has 4 through platforms with 6 lines and 2 terminal platforms. In total 6 platforms. Through platforms are 415 and 310 metres long and in ground plan are curved into the letter S. Terminal platforms are straight and 350 metres long. The width of platforms is 9 metres and more. Their covering is simple, historical.

Routes[edit]

The international corridor in the Czech Republic, with main cities marked including Brno

Brno hlavní nádraží is an important station on the pan-international corridor passing through the country (Děčín - Prague - Pardubice - Brno - Břeclav), with international trains serving the station to and from Germany, Slovakia, Hungary, Austria, Serbia and Croatia, including the Supercity Pendolino services from Prague to Vienna and Bratislava. It is also located on five other lines, three of which carry intercity trains:

Future plans[edit]

Currently Brno hlavní nádraží is approaching at full capacity and therefore in need of expansion, however its location on the edge of the historic center of the city. Capacity problems are just in one part of the railway station, on the southern station head (switch system), where is a regional transport. The question of how to cope with the substance of railway station has been being discussed for several decades. The idea of moving railway station to the new location, 550 metres southern, emerged already in the 1920s. It was after a sudden increase of transport capacity between 1923 and 1924 (26% more). Such an increase has never happened again. Experts who worked for Brno before WWII abandoned this idea. Later on this idea reappered several times in the new contexts. In 1970 railway station was relieved from freight transport which was transferred to the modernized track on the South. Since then the railway station has been intended purely for passenger transportation.

The city council have made plans to build a new station in a remote location – 960 metres south-east from the city where personal and cargo transport would be reunited again. This possibility is confronted with a continuous opposition of experts and public. Already in 2004 this situation invoked a citizens-initiated referendum. However, this referendum did not become binding for city because of the insufficient turnout (25%). Legislation required 50% turnout at that time. The overwhelming majority of 85% of voters was for keeping railway station on the current place. Nowadays citizens have initiated a new referendum, which will be held simultaneously with regional and senate election[1] on the 7 and 8 October 2016. According to the current legislation only 35% turnout is sufficient for legally binding outcome of the referendum.

Services[edit]

Preceding station   České dráhy   Following station
Pardubice hl.n.
toward Berlin
  EuroNight
EN Metropol
  Břeclav
toward Budapest
Railjet
toward Graz
Česká Třebová or
Pardubice hl.n.
toward Prague
  EuroCity   Břeclav
toward Bratislava or Vienna
occasional terminus
Blansko
toward Prague via Česká Třebová
  Regional fast trains   Vyškov na Moravě
toward Olomouc
occasional terminus
Terminus   Regional fast trains   Vyškov na Moravě
toward Ostrava
Terminus   Regional fast trains   Šakvice
toward Břeclav
Brno-Královo Pole
toward Prague via Havlíčkův Brod
  Regional fast trains   Terminus
Náměšť nad Oslavou
toward České Budějovice
  Regional fast trains   Terminus
Brno-Židenice
toward Blansko or Tišnov
  Stopping trains   Brno-Horní Heršpice
toward Břeclav,
Náměšť nad Oslavou
or Hrušovany nad Jevišovkou
Terminus   Stopping trains   Brno-Černovice
toward Veselí nad Moravou
Terminus   Stopping trains   Chrlice
toward Křenovice horní nádraží

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Presidential decision (Miloš Zeman) on Regional election term.

Further reading[edit]

Books[edit]

  • KREJČIŘÍK, Mojmír (2003 and 2005), Česká nádraží I.a II díl. Litoměřice (Vydavatelství dopravní literatury Ing. Luděk Čada), .ISBN 80-86765-02-4 (Czech)
  • HORN, Alfred (1970), Die Kaiser-Ferdinands-Nordbahn. Die Bahnen Österreich-Ungarns, Band 2. Bohmann-Verlag, Wien (German)
  • ARTL, Gerhard/ GURLICH, Gerhard H. / ZENZ, Hubert(Hrsg.2010), Allerhöchste Eisenbahn. 170 Jahre Nordbahn Wien-Brünn, 2. erw. Aufl., Wien (German)

Article[edit]

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