Brno hlavní nádraží
Brno main train station - Brno hlavní nádraží.
|Location||Brno, Nádražní street 418/1
|Owned by||České dráhy
|Platforms||6 (10 side platforms)|
|Connections||Brno Tramway, Brno Trolleybuses, Brno Buses|
|Opened||16 December 1838|
Brno hlavní nádraží (translated from Czech as Brno main railway station and abbreviated Brno hl. n.) is the principal railway station in Brno, the largest city in the South Moravian Region and the second largest in the Czech Republic. Railway station is situated in a convenient location directly on the city centre the former fortification wall circuit (The Brno Ringstrasse). The most important city buildings are within comfortable walking distance. It is one of the oldest railway stations in the Czech Republic, having been in operation since 1839.
First railway station
Brno main railway station was built in 1838 as one of the first 10-15 railway stations in the world. It was the second final point on the track Vienna - Brno, one of the branches of Emperor Ferdinand Northern Railway. On the 16 November 1838 it was put into a trial and exhibitional operation and on the 7 July 1939 into the commercial operation in the full extent. At the beginning it was designed as a terminal station.
Second railway station
Railway station became through station after a construction of the second rival Státní severní dráhy/The Northern Railway (Imperial Royal Austrian State Railways) in 1849. As soon as the traffic at the railway station, which was occupied by two competitive companies, started to grow, some space limitation caused by bevelled shape between two segments of a polygonal principle Brno Ringstrasse.
The third railway station
At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries the side wings of individual companies were connected with a single Concourse (entrance hall), which served to both of them. The author of this partially Art Nouveau building was architect Josef Oehm. The hall has an outline of 18x25 metres. The oldest transverse subway leads in its axis under the platform 4. The hall construction was finished in 1904. Railway station was partially and surfacing (visual only) modernized in 1947 by architect Bohuslav Fuchs, the last time in 1988.
The description of the railway station
Brno railway station is combined. It has 4 through platforms with 6 lines and 2 terminal platforms. In total 6 platforms. Through platforms are 415 and 310 metres long and in ground plan are curved into the letter S. Terminal platforms are straight and 350 metres long. The width of platforms is 9 metres and more. Their covering is simple, historical.
Brno hlavní nádraží is an important station on the pan-international corridor passing through the country (Děčín - Prague - Pardubice - Brno - Břeclav), with international trains serving the station to and from Germany, Slovakia, Hungary, Austria, Serbia and Croatia, including the Supercity Pendolino services from Prague to Vienna and Bratislava. It is also located on five other lines, three of which carry intercity trains:
- Brno - Jihlava - České Budějovice - Plzeň
- Brno - Havlíčkův Brod - Prague
- Brno - Přerov - Olomouc/Ostrava
- Brno - Uherské Hradiště
- Brno - Hrušovany nad Jevišovkou
Currently Brno hlavní nádraží is approaching at full capacity and therefore in need of expansion, however its location on the edge of the historic center of the city. Capacity problems are just in one part of the railway station, on the southern station head (switch system), where is a regional transport. The question of how to cope with the substance of railway station has been being discussed for several decades. The idea of moving railway station to the new location, 550 metres southern, emerged already in the 1920s. It was after a sudden increase of transport capacity between 1923 and 1924 (26% more). Such an increase has never happened again. Experts who worked for Brno before World War II abandoned this idea. Later on this idea reappeared several times in the new contexts. In 1970 railway station was relieved from freight transport which was transferred to the modernized track on the South. Since then the railway station has been intended purely for passenger transportation.
The city council have made plans to build a new station in a remote location – 960 metres south-east from the city where personal and cargo transport would be reunited again. This possibility is confronted with a continuous opposition of experts and public. Already in 2004 this situation invoked a citizens-initiated referendum. However, this referendum did not become binding for city because of the insufficient turnout (25%). Legislation required 50% turnout at that time. The overwhelming majority of 85% of voters was for keeping railway station on the current place. Nowadays citizens have initiated a new referendum, which will be held simultaneously with regional and senate election on the 7 and 8 October 2016. According to the current legislation only 35% turnout is sufficient for legally binding outcome of the referendum.
|Preceding station||České dráhy||Following station|
toward Praha hlavní nádraží
|Česká Třebová or
toward Bratislava or Vienna
toward Prague via Česká Třebová
|Regional fast trains||Vyškov na Moravě
|Terminus||Regional fast trains||Vyškov na Moravě
|Terminus||Regional fast trains||Šakvice
toward Prague via Havlíčkův Brod
|Regional fast trains||Terminus|
|Náměšť nad Oslavou
toward České Budějovice
|Regional fast trains||Terminus|
toward Blansko or Tišnov
|Stopping trains||Brno-Horní Heršpice
Náměšť nad Oslavou
or Hrušovany nad Jevišovkou
toward Veselí nad Moravou
toward Křenovice horní nádraží
- ARTL, Gerhard/ GURLICH, Gerhard H. / ZENZ, Hubert(Hrsg.2010), Allerhöchste Eisenbahn. 170 Jahre Nordbahn Wien-Brünn, 2. erw. Aufl., Wien (German)
- HORN, Alfred (1970), Die Kaiser-Ferdinands-Nordbahn. Die Bahnen Österreich-Ungarns, Band 2. Bohmann-Verlag, Wien (German)
- KREJČIŘÍK, Mojmír (2003 and 2005), Česká nádraží I.a II díl. Litoměřice (Vydavatelství dopravní literatury Ing. Luděk Čada). ISBN 80-86765-02-4 (Czech)
- Czech Radio:Authorities okay moving Brno’s main train station out of city centre
- Moravian Integrated Public Transport System
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