České dráhy

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České dráhy
Government-owned (100%)
IndustryRailway company
FoundedPrague (2003)
HeadquartersPrague, Czech Republic
Key people
Pavel Krtek
RevenueDecrease 33 billion CZK (2013)[1]
Decrease -2 billion CZK (2013)[1]
Total assetsIncrease 86 billion CZK (2013)[1]
Total equityDecrease 38 billion CZK (2013)[1]
Number of employees
Decrease 24,163 (2014)[2]
SubsidiariesČD Cargo

České dráhy, often shortened to ČD (English: Czech Railways), is the main railway operator in the Czech Republic providing regional and long-distance services.


The company was established in 1993, after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia, as a successor of the Czechoslovak State Railways. It is a member of the International Railway Union (UIC Country Code for the Czech Republic is 54), Community of European Railways and the Organization for Railway Cooperation (Asia and Europe). With twenty-four thousand employees[2] ČD Group is the fifth largest Czech company by the number of employees.[3]

Until 1 July 2008, České dráhy was the biggest employer in the Czech Republic.[4] After experiencing regular losses and requiring government subsidy,[5] the railway reported its first ever profit in 2007[6] while still receiving government subsidy.[7] Attempts to make it more efficient are currently ongoing and a recent plan to move passenger transport to an independent subsidiary was approved by the Czech government in January 2008.[8]

ČD operates trains; fixed infrastructure (such as tracks) is managed by SŽDC. In December 2010, the Czech government proposed bringing SŽDC and ČD together in a single holding company. The government has also changed the subsidy available to ČD and SŽDC.[7]

In 2014 Pavel Krtek was elected Chairman of the Board of Directors.


ČD Class 680 Pendolino long-distance train
ČD railjet long-distance train
ČD Class 471 regional train
ČD Class 844 regional train


In 2015 its consolidated revenues reached CZK 33 billion.[9] Revenues from passenger transport amounted to CZK 21 billion (64% transfer payments from the government, 24% intrastate transport, 12% international transport), revenues from freight transport operated by subsidiary ČD Cargo amounted to CZK 11 billion.[9]


  • 9,412 km (5,848 mi) of railway lines operated by ČD, of which 3,210 km (1,990 mi) was electrified track and 1,906 km (1,184 mi) is double- and multiple-track,[10] all of them transferred to the infrastructure operator SŽDC since.
  • 168.8 million passengers carried[10]
  • 6,907 million passenger-kilometres[10]
  • 76.723 million tonnes of goods carried[10]
  • 13,592 million tonne-kilometres[10]


České dráhy is the result of more than 160 years of railway history in the Czech lands. Historic milestones include:

Freight services[edit]

ČD Cargo, the cargo subsidiary, mainly transports raw materials, intermediate goods and containers. As of 2009, it is ranked in the top five largest railway cargo operators in Europe.[14]

Rolling stock[edit]

  • 2,726 tractive vehicles, of which 856 are electric locomotives and train-sets[10]
  • 27,416 freight cars[10]
  • 3,605 passenger cars[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Annual Report of České dráhy, a.s. for the Year 2013, auditor Deloitte Audit s.r.o., available at http://www.ceskedrahy.cz/for-investors/financial-reports/annual-reports/-11021/
  2. ^ a b Annual Report of České dráhy, a.s. for the Year 2014, auditor Deloitte Audit s.r.o.
  3. ^ ČD Group (České dráhy, a.s. with its consolidated subsidiaries)
  4. ^ PhDr. Zbyněk Zlinský. "SŽDC provozovatelem dráhy". Retrieved 1 July 2008.
  5. ^ "Annual Report of České Dráhy Group for the Year 2005 (p. 10)" (PDF).
  6. ^ "Czech Railways Posts First Profit Ever". Prague Daily Monitor. 14 January 2008. Archived from the original on 18 January 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2008.
  7. ^ a b "Railway Gazette: Reform looks to cut costs". Retrieved 27 December 2010.
  8. ^ Handl, Erich. "Government Approves Splitting off Passenger Transport from Czech Railways". Czech Business Weekly. Archived from the original on 19 January 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2008.
  9. ^ a b c Annual Report of České dráhy, a.s. for the Year 2013, auditor Deloitte Audit s.r.o.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h České dráhy Group Statistical Yearbook 2010, available at http://www.ceskedrahy.cz/pro-investory/financni-zpravy/statisticka-rocenka/-11024/
  11. ^ "České dráhy, a.s. - About Us". Archived from the original on 13 December 2007. Retrieved 25 January 2008.
  12. ^ Annual report of České dráhy for 2006, assets CZK 54,4 billion, ownership equity CZK 35,7 billion
  13. ^ "Czech Railways to Sell SkyEurope Tickets at Stations". Prague Daily Monitor. 24 January 2008. Archived from the original on 29 January 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2008.
  14. ^ "ČD Cargo profile on their website".

External links[edit]

Media related to ČD at Wikimedia Commons