Broadlands, c. 1880
|OS grid reference|
|Owner||Norton Knatchbull, 3rd Earl Mountbatten of Burma|
|Official name: Broadlands House|
|Designated||29 May 1957|
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Broadlands is an English country house, located in the civil parish of Romsey Extra, near the town of Romsey in the Test Valley district of Hampshire, England. The formal gardens and historic landscape of Broadlands are Grade II* listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens. The house itself is Grade I listed.
After the Dissolution of the Monasteries, Broadlands was sold to Sir Francis Fleming in 1547. His granddaughter married Edward St. Barbe, and the manor remained the property of the St. Barbe family for the next 117 years. Sir John St Barbe, 1st Baronet (c. 1655–1723) made many improvements to the manor but died without progeny having bequeathed it to his cousin Humphrey Sydenham of Combe, Dulverton. In the chancel of Ashington Church, Somerset, is a monument of grey and white marble, inscribed:
Here lies Sir John St. Barbe, Bart. possessed of those amiable qualities, which birth, education, travel, greatness of spirit, and goodness of heart, produce. Interred in the same vault lies his second wife Alice Fiennes, aunt to the present Lord Say and Sele. His first was Honour, daughter of Colonel Norton. He died at his seat of Broadlands in Hampshire Sept. 7, 1723, leaving for his only heir and executor Humphrey Sydenham, esq., of Combe in Somersetshire, who ordered this marble to his memory.
When Sydenham was ruined by the 18th-century South Sea Bubble, he proceeded to sell Broadlands to Henry Temple, 1st Viscount Palmerston, in 1736. It was the latter who began the deformalisation of the gardens between the river and the house and produced the (broad-lands) "gentle descent to the river".
In 1767, a major architectural "transformation" was begun by Capability Brown, the celebrated architect and landscape designer, and completed by architect Henry Holland, which led to making Broadlands the Palladian-style mansion seen today. Henry Temple, 2nd Viscount Palmerston had requested that Brown go there and seize upon the "capabilities" of the earlier Tudor and Jacobean manor house. Between 1767 and 1780, William Kent's earlier "deformalising work" was completed, as well as further landscaping, planting, clearing and riverside work.
Queen Elizabeth II (then Princess Elizabeth) and Prince Philip spent their honeymoon at Broadlands in November 1947; the 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, whose home Broadlands was at the time, was Philip's uncle. In 1981, the newly-married Prince and Princess of Wales also spent the first three days of their honeymoon at Broadlands, travelling to the estate by train from London Waterloo.
- Historic England, "Broadlands (1000166)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 13 June 2017
- Historic England. "Broadlands (1166489)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- Collinson, Rev. John, History and Antiquities of the County of Somerset, Vol.3, Bath, 1791, Vol.3, p. 213
- Mee, Arthur (1967). Long, E T (ed.). The King's England, Hampshire with the Isle of Wight. London: Hodder & Stoughton. pp. 200–201. ISBN 0 340 00083 X.
- "Queen releases 60 wedding facts". BBC News Online. 18 November 2007.
- Downie Jr., Leonard (30 July 1981). "Britain Celebrates, Charles Takes a Bride". The Washington Post.
- "Visitors to Broadlands". Broadlands Estate. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- "Upcoming Events". Westlife Official Website. Simco Limited. Archived from the original on 22 October 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
- Turner, Roger (1999). Capability Brown and the Eighteenth Century English Landscape. Second edition. Phillimore (Chichester, England). pp. 108–110. ISBN 978-1-86077-114-9.
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