Broken beat

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Broken beat (sometimes referred to as "bruk") is an electronic dance music genre characterized by syncopated beats and tense rhythms, including staggered or punctuated snare beats and/or hand claps. It has been heavily influenced by styles such as jazz-funk and R&B.[1] Artists in this area typically emerged from the drum and bass, house, hip hop, techno or acid jazz scenes.


Broken beat first appeared in the late 1990s and was pioneered by Bugz in the Attic, IG Culture, and the release of the 4hero album Two Pages was influential on the emerging sound and scene.[2] John Bush from AllMusic called it "about as fusion-soaked as it gets."[3] Appearing in the western parts of London, the genre is also referred to as "West London", mainly because Goya Music's offices were in London's Ladbroke Grove, W11, as were most of the participating artists' studios.[4]

Bugz in the Attic's Neon Phusion, Mark Force, Afronaut and IG Culture are credited with kick-starting the scene with numerous releases under various monikers, and the New Sector Movements releases for People Music. The sound created combined a variety of music styles including funk, soul, and hip-hop.[5] The transition was to a more abstract form of drum and bass. Many artists that started releasing through 4hero's Reinforced label are now considered pioneers of broken beat. Simultaneously, established techno artists like Carl Craig and Stacey Pullen experimented with the music they were making, trying to add jazz elements and breaks to their sound. As the music is still based on classic Detroit techno and usually has a harder sound, it is sometimes referred to as "broken techno". This eclectic mixture was picked up by the Detroit and jazz-affiliated UK techno producers Kirk Degiorgio or As One and Ian O'Brien, who tried to form it into a more soulful variation which further influenced the development of the broken beat genre.[6]


Broken beat draws from 1970s jazz-funk and has been influenced by artists such as Lonnie Liston Smith, the Mizell Brothers (producers for Donald Byrd, Bobbi Humphrey and Johnny Hammond in the mid-1970s), Herbie Hancock, George Duke, and others. One might also hear in broken beat, echos of disco, 1980s contemporary R&B and funk (Shalamar, Prince), early electronica (Kraftwerk), hip hop ("Planet Rock"), 1980s new wave (Depeche Mode, New Order), drum and bass, house and techno.


Regular nights that play this genre of music include Co-op, the brainchild of Bugz in the Attic's Mark Force, held at Velvet Rooms, and then a few years later moving on to Plastic People, a famous club located in London, for a number of years before re-launching at East Village - both in Shoreditch. In 2008, Afronaut and Bruce Q (Liquid Fusion) teamed up for monthly Co-op sessions which was launched at Concrete in Birmingham. Liquid Fusion ran every Sunday at the Living Room first (2000-2002) then onto Zinc (2002-2008). It had a following of several hundred weekly. Another night was Inspiration Information, previously at Notting Hill Arts Club which then went on to be at East Village in Shoreditch.[7][8]

In March 2023, DJ Cengiz introduced Bruk Therapy Nights, an event series held initially at Grow Hackney Wick in East London. The initiative aims to cultivate a vibrant fusion of Soul, Jazz, House, and Future Beats, with a particular emphasis on the enthralling realm of Bruk/Broken Beats. These dynamic nights receive steadfast support from members of Selectors Assemble, a collective of DJ/producers dedicated to bolstering projects affiliated with CoOp Presents and Dance Regular labels. Their collaborative efforts spotlight the abundant talent within London's Bruk/Broken Beat movement, fostering an atmosphere of musical exploration and community engagement.


  1. ^ AMG Allmusic: Broken Beat
  2. ^ Patrick Carnegy (29 January 2014). "Vice: Whatever Happened to Broken Beat?". Vice.
  3. ^ "All Music: John Bush reviews Two Pages- 4hero". AllMusic.
  4. ^ Jake Hulyer (29 December 2016). "Breaking Broken Beat: How a West London basement became the scene's incubator". The Vinyl Factory.
  5. ^ "All Music: IG Culture Biography". AllMusic.
  6. ^ Mr Beatnick (8 March 2010). "The 20 best broken beat records ever made". FACTmag.
  7. ^ "UK's Legendary Broken Beat Crew CoOp Unveil Their Next Moves". Music Is My Sanctuary. 21 February 2018.
  8. ^ "CoOp: The beats are broken". Resident Advisor. 20 October 2017.