Buchanan, Oregon

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Buchanan, Oregon
Unincorporated community
Oard's Service in Buchanan
Oard's Service in Buchanan
Buchanan, Oregon is located in Oregon
Buchanan, Oregon
Buchanan, Oregon
Buchanan, Oregon is located in the US
Buchanan, Oregon
Buchanan, Oregon
Location within the state of Oregon
Coordinates: 43°38′33″N 118°37′43″W / 43.64250°N 118.62861°W / 43.64250; -118.62861Coordinates: 43°38′33″N 118°37′43″W / 43.64250°N 118.62861°W / 43.64250; -118.62861
Country United States
State Oregon
County Harney
Named for William D. Buchanan family
Elevation 4,213 ft (1,284 m)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
Area code(s) 541
Coordinates and elevation from United States Geological Survey[1]

Buchanan is an unincorporated community in Harney County, Oregon, United States.[1] It is about 20 miles (32 km) east of Burns on U.S. Route 20.[2]


The community was named after the family of William D. Buchanan, who, with his sons Joe and George, homesteaded there beginning in 1886.[3][4][5] Buchanan post office was established in 1911, with Hattie E. Buchanan the first postmaster.[3] The office closed in 1919 but the area around the Buchanan Ranch is still known as Buchanan.[3] By 1978 the community had a single store.[6] Today Buchanan has a Burns mailing address and a business that includes a tractor repair shop, gas station, gallery, and free museum,[7] all located within the only building in the community.[8]

The school once stood along Little Rock Creek on the site of the present-day Buchanan Springs Rest Area on U.S. 20, a mile northeast of the community.[4]

William Buchanan and his sons ran a stage stop at the top of the hill, north of the present-day Buchanan, on the former J. W. Buchanan ranch.[4] The stop served the route from Vale to Burns.[5] Meals for stagecoach passengers were 50 cents, while those traveling with horses only paid 35 cents, but they paid 25 cents per head for feed and water for their livestock.[4] The stop was later run by Thomas Buchanan.[5]


In the 21st century, Buchanan is a stop on the Eastern POINT intercity bus line between Bend and Ontario. It makes one stop per day in each direction.[9]


  1. ^ a b "Buchanan". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. Retrieved January 3, 2016. 
  2. ^ Oregon Atlas & Gazetteer (7th ed.). Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. 2008. p. 82. ISBN 0-89933-347-8. 
  3. ^ a b c McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. ISBN 978-0875952772. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Buchanan Rural Community: A Brief History". Harney County Economic Development. Retrieved January 5, 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c Writers' Program of the Work Projects Administration in the State of Oregon (1940). Oregon: End of the Trail. American Guide Series. Portland, Oregon: Binfords & Mort. p. 468. OCLC 4874569. 
  6. ^ Friedman, Ralph (1978). "Great Basin Blues". Tracking Down Oregon. Caldwell, Idaho: The Caxton Printers, Ltd. p. 259. ISBN 0-87004-257-2. 
  7. ^ "Oard's Indian Art Museum". Travel Oregon. Retrieved July 24, 2011. 
  8. ^ Hays, Jim (August 7, 2010). "U.S. 20: Route crosses the Cascades and heads east". The Oregonian. Retrieved July 30, 2011. 
  9. ^ "Eastern Point Schedule". Oregon Department of Transportation. Retrieved January 3, 2016. 

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