2012 Burlington VIA derailment
|Date||February 26, 2012|
|Type of incident||Derailment|
|Injuries||46 (43 minor, 3 serious)|
The Burlington VIA train derailment was a derailment that occurred on February 26, 2012, in the Aldershot neighborhood of Burlington, Ontario, Canada, resulting in deaths of the 3 engineers in the locomotive and 46 injuries. There were 75 passengers and four crew members on board at the time of the accident. The derailment occurred in an industrial area northeast of Aldershot GO Station. The official report into the accident was released on June 10, 2013, by the Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB) indicating that the crew misinterpreted the signal causing them to believe that they were authorized to proceed at track speed, when in fact they were authorized only for slow speed—a maximum of 15 mph (24 km/h)—in order to switch tracks.
On February 26, 2012, Via Rail train 92, an eastbound passenger train travelling the Corridor route from Niagara Falls, Ontario to Toronto, derailed in an industrial area east of King Road, north of Enfield Road in the Aldershot neighborhood of Burlington, Ontario.
At the time of the derailment, there were 75 passengers, three locomotive engineers, and one service crew member on board the train. All three locomotive engineers, including one in-training, were killed in the derailment. Three passengers were airlifted to a Hamilton, Ontario hospital by Ornge air ambulance. Joseph Brant Hospital in Burlington treated twenty passengers with minor to serious injuries, while Credit Valley Hospital and Trillium Health Centre in Mississauga, Ontario treated ten passengers.
The Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB) is the federal agency responsible for investigating incidents that occur with rail transportation, and has launched an investigation immediately after the accident. The main investigator-in-charge was Tom Griffith, who has been a senior investigator with the TSB since 1990. He has led 28 other rail investigations in his career.
On March 1, 2012, the Transportation Safety Board issued a statement demonstrating that in the immediate seconds surrounding the derailment, train 92 was executing a crossover from track 2 to track 3 at a speed of 67 mph (108 km/h), over four times the set limit of 15 mph (24 km/h).
On June 10, 2013, the final report TSB report was issued.  The report confirmed that the train was travelling more than four times the authorized speed while changing from track 2 to track 3. It concluded that the crew misinterpreted the signal indication when approaching the crossover and proceed at a speed appropriate for a train remaining on track 2. It also indicated that a maintenance crew was working on track 2 beyond the crossover, and that the attention of the locomotive crew may have been focused on the safety of this maintenance crew, diverting their attention from the signal indication. Furthermore, the previous signal which gave advance warning of the speed restriction was passed before a stop at Aldershot Station, and the locomotive crew may have forgotten about its indication while stopped for several minutes. It also concludes that since Via trains rarely change tracks at this crossover, the crew may have had a strong expectation that they would be remaining on track 2.
- "Reports of numerous passenger injuries – Three crew fatalities" (Press release). Via Rail. 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2012-02-26.
- "3 Via train engineers killed in Ontario derailment". CTV News. 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2012-02-26.
- "Railway Investigation Report R12T0038". Transportation Safety Board of Canada. Archived from the original on 13 July 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- "3 Via employees die in Ontario derailment". CBC News. 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2012-02-26.
- "Transportation Safety Board of Canada - Welcome". Transportation Safety Board of Canada. 27 February 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
- "Featured investigations – Rail: VIA Rail train derailment near Burlington, Ontario". Transportation Safety Board of Canada. 27 February 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
- "VIA Rail train derailment near Burlington, Ontario". Transportation Safety Board of Canada. 1 March 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2012.