Butea superba

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Butea superba
Plants of the coast of Coromandel Coast Tamil Nadu Andhra Pradesh India Flora Fruits Flowers (38).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Genus: Butea
B. superba
Binomial name
Butea superba

Butea superba is a vining shrub in the legume family Fabaceae, native to India and mainland Southeast Asia. It is thought by locals to be an aphrodisiac, among other effects.


Sapling in the Eastern Ghats of India

Existing open trials have come to conflicting conclusions about the efficacy of butea, though they used completely different products at different doses and in different populations.[1] No placebo-controlled clinical studies exist so far to support aphrodisiac activity.


The tuberous roots of Butea superba were found to contain flavonoids and flavonoid glycosides as well as sterol compounds, including β-sitosterol, campesterol and stigmasterol.[2]


One study in rats found the application of high doses of dried plant material (200 mg/kg body weight) had a negative impact on several blood parameters and decreased testosterone.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Yarnell, Eric (2016). Natural Approach to Urology and Men's Health (2nd ed.). Wenatchee, WA: Wild Brilliance Press. ISBN 978-1-933350-69-1.
  2. ^ Roengsamran S, Petsom A, Ngamrojanavanich N, Rugsilp T, Sittiwichienwong P, Khorphueng P, et al. (2000). "Flavonoid and flavonoid glycoside from Butea superba Roxb. and their cAMP phosphodiesterase inhibitory activity". J Sci Res Chula Univ. 25: 169–76.
  3. ^ Cherdshewasart W, Bhuntaku P, Panriansaen R, Dahlan W, Malaivijitnond S (June 2008). "Androgen disruption and toxicity tests of Butea superba Roxb., a traditional herb used for treatment of erectile dysfunction, in male rats". Maturitas. 60 (2): 131–7. doi:10.1016/j.maturitas.2008.04.011. PMID 18554827.