Cándido Conde-Pumpido Tourón
|88th Attorney General of Spain|
April 2, 2004 – December 19, 2011
|Nominated by||Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero|
|Preceded by||Jesús Cardenal|
|Succeeded by||Eduardo Torres-Dulce|
|Born||September 22, 1949|
|Alma mater||University of Santiago de Compostela|
Cándido Conde-Pumpido (born September 22, 1949), was the Attorney General of Spain (2004–2011). He has been an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Spain since 1995. Since March 2017 he is Magistrate of the Constitutional Court.
- 1 Personal life
- 2 Attorney general
- 3 President of Ibero-American Association of Public Prosecutors
- 4 President of the European network of General Prosecutor near the Supreme courts
- 5 Antiterror effort
- 6 The European Public Prosecutor strongly backed by Conde-Pumpido
- 7 Agreement to strengthen U.S.-Spanish cooperation
- 8 United States diplomatic cables leak
- 9 References
Conde-Pumpido was born in A Coruña (Corunna), a city and municipality of Galicia, Spain. His father was also a Prosecutor. He graduated from University of Santiago de Compostela, and received his J.D. in Law and Economics in 1971. He worked as a Judge in San Sebastián and Segovia for twenty years. He played an active role on the boards of directors for the Judges for Democracy Association.
Conde-Pumpido was nominated to the Supreme Court of Spain in 1995. The Supreme Court of Spain (Spanish: Tribunal Supremo) is the highest court in Spain for all matters not pertaining to the Spanish Constitution. The court which meets in the Convent of the Salesas Reales in Madrid, consists of a president and an indeterminate number of magistrates appointed to the five chambers of the court.
In 2004, Conde-Pumpido was appointed as Attorney General by the King of Spain, on a proposal from the Government of President Rodriguez Zapatero, after receiving the opinion of the General Council of the Judiciary, and he was the Spanish AG from 2004 to 2011. Now he came back to the Supreme Court of Spain.
He has written many papers, including "National prosecution authorities and criminal justice system: the challenges ahead". ERA Forum, NL, 2009.
The Attorney general (Fiscal General del Estado de España) Spanish State is the highest official of the public prosecutor (Ministerio Fiscal) of the Kingdom of Spain. He was appointed by the King of Spain, on a proposal from the Government, after receiving the opinion of the General Council of the Judiciary (CGPJ). Its existence is provided for in article 124 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978, which establishes the public Ministry. The incumbent of this position was April 23, 2004 to 19 December 2011, Candido Conde-Pumpido.
President of Ibero-American Association of Public Prosecutors
President of the European network of General Prosecutor near the Supreme courts
Jean-Louis Nadal, Prosecutor General at the Court of cassation in Paris, strongly backed by Conde-Pumpido, creates in 2009 the European network of General Prosecutor near the Supreme courts, which Nadal was the first president. In May 2009 Conde-Pumpido is elected, Praga, President of the network.
Conde-Pumpido reinforced the activity of the Prosecutor of the national hearing against Islamist terrorism as a response to the attack of 11 March 2004 in Madrid, increasing its workforce, creating a group of specialized prosecutors and fostering international cooperation to share information, getting the trial for the massacre should be held within a reasonable time and with damning of most of the defendants result. At the same time he advocated and put into practice a preventive criminal policy to Act police and judicially against the commands in training until they were able to cause damage, that improved police efficiency and produced a result positive to prevent further Islamist attacks in Spain throughout its mandate.
Conde-pumpido also launched a U.S.-Spain Bilateral Counter Terrorism Experts Working Group, with prosecutor-to-prosecutor dialogues on Counter Terrorism issues. The U.S.-Spain Bilateral CT experts Working Group was founded in March 2005 on the one-year anniversary of the Madrid train bombings. The January 12–13, 2010 meeting marked the first time that Organised Crime was on the agenda.
On April 17, 2009, Spain's attorney general, Candido Conde-Pumpido, said his office would not support Judge Baltasar Garzon's outrageous effort to prosecute Bush six Administration officials for their role in the US antiterror effort. Spain's AG said any such prosecution would turn his nation's National Court "into a plaything" for politics.
The European Public Prosecutor strongly backed by Conde-Pumpido
Following the attacks on the eurozone by speculators in 2009-10, Spain proposed the EU enact the European Public Prosecutor provision so the post could co-ordinate legal action in retaliation. "Spain wants the European Union to use a planned public prosecutor's office for the region to protect the euro currency against speculators", Spanish Attorney general Cándido Conde-Pumpido said in March 2010. 
Agreement to strengthen U.S.-Spanish cooperation
On April 8, 2010, in Madrid, US Attorney General Eric Holder signs an Agreement to strengthen U.S.-Spanish Cooperation with Conde-Pumpido. Holder met with Prosecutor General Conde-Pumpido to discuss the many ways in which the United States and Spain can continue the excellent partnership we have established in counterterrorism, counternarcotics, money laundering, smuggling or combating international organized crime.
United States diplomatic cables leak
On 28 November 2010, WikiLeaks and five major newspapers from Spain (El País), France (Le Monde), Germany (Der Spiegel), the United Kingdom (The Guardian), and the United States (The New York Times) started simultaneously to publish the first 220 of 251,287 leaked confidential.
According to the United States diplomatic cables released by WikiLeaks, U.S. officials tried to pressure Spain into dropping court investigations into the Central Intelligence Agency's extraordinary rendition, torture at Guantanamo Bay, and the 2003 killing of José Couso, a Spanish journalist, in Iraq by American troops. Politicians such as the former Deputy Prime Minister María Teresa Fernández de la Vega, the former Minister of Foreign Affairs Miguel Ángel Moratinos and the Attorney General Cándido Conde-Pumpido, among others, were pressured by U.S. officials.
The Attorney General Conde-Pumpido strongly denied the version of Ambassador Aguirre contained in the cables.
- El hijo de Conde-Pumpido intentó crear una sociedad en Panamá ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish)
-  El País. Cable about Inaugural U.S.-Spain Counter -Terrorism and organized crime experts meeting.
-  Two Wins in the Terror War. The Wall Street Journal. April 17, 2009.
-  Spain calls for EU prosecutor to protect euro, Reuters
-  Cándido Conde-Pumpido, with Eric Holder and Alberto González |publisher=Elpais.com |
-  Attorney General Eric Holder Signs Agreement to Strengthen U.S.-Spanish Cooperation. Madrid, April 8, 2010.
-  "Leaked Cables Offer Raw Look at U.S. Diplomacy." The New York Times. 28 November 2010.
-  "Wikileaks: US Pressured Spain. Leaked Cables Show Spanish Officials and Prosecutors Shared Information about Investigations." The Guardian, 30 November 2010.
-  Spanish. "Pumpido denied the version of Ambassador." El País, 2/12/2010