CELA3A

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CELA3A
Identifiers
Aliases CELA3A, ELA3, ELA3A, chymotrypsin like elastase family member 3A
External IDs MGI: 3651647 HomoloGene: 129880 GeneCards: CELA3A
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_005747

NM_001126318

RefSeq (protein)

NP_005738

NP_001119790

Location (UCSC) Chr 1: 22 – 22.01 Mb Chr 4: 137.4 – 137.41 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]
Wikidata
View/Edit Human View/Edit Mouse

Chymotrypsin-like elastase family member 3A is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the CELA3A gene.[3][4][5]

Function[edit]

Elastases form a subfamily of serine proteases that hydrolyze many proteins in addition to elastin. Humans have six elastase genes which encode the structurally similar proteins elastase 1, 2, 2A, 2B, 3A, and 3B. Unlike other elastases, elastase 3A has little elastolytic activity. Like most of the human elastases, elastase 3A is secreted from the pancreas as a zymogen and, like other serine proteases such as trypsin, chymotrypsin and kallikrein, it has a digestive function in the intestine. Elastase 3A preferentially cleaves proteins after alanine residues. Elastase 3A may also function in the intestinal transport and metabolism of cholesterol. Both elastase 3A and elastase 3B have been referred to as protease E and as elastase 1.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". 
  2. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". 
  3. ^ Tani T, Ohsumi J, Mita K, Takiguchi Y (Feb 1988). "Identification of a novel class of elastase isozyme, human pancreatic elastase III, by cDNA and genomic gene cloning". J Biol Chem. 263 (3): 1231–9. PMID 2826474. 
  4. ^ Shirasu Y, Takemura K, Yoshida H, Sato Y, Iijima H, Shimada Y, Mikayama T, Ozawa T, Ikeda N, Ishida A, et al. (Dec 1988). "Molecular cloning of complementary DNA encoding one of the human pancreatic protease E isozymes". J Biochem. 104 (2): 259–64. PMID 2460440. 
  5. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: ELA3A elastase 3A, pancreatic". 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]