Cabin boys were usually 14–16 years old and also helped the cook in the ship's kitchen and carried buckets of food from the ship's kitchen to the forecastle where the ordinary seamen ate. They would have to run from one end of the ship to the other carrying messages and become familiar with the sails, lines and ropes and the use of each in all sorts of weather. They would have to scramble up the rigging into the yards whenever the sails had to be trimmed. They would even begin to stand watch like other crewmen or act as helmsman in good weather, holding the wheel to keep the ship steady on her course.
Several prominent British Royal Navy officers began their career as cabin boys. The list includes officers that achieved an admiralty rank before 1801.
- Lord Admiral Nelson
- Admiral of the Fleet Sir William Parker, 1st Baronet of Shenstone
- Admiral of the Fleet Sir Cloudsley Shovell
- Admiral Sir Francis Drake
- Admiral Sir John Hawkins
- Admiral (General) Richard Deane
- Admiral (Colonel) William Rainsborough
- Admiral Sir William Penn
- Vice Admiral Sir William Batten
- Vice Admiral Sir John Lawson
- Vice Admiral (Captain) Badilow
- Vice Admiral Sir Thomas Tiddeman
- Vice Admiral (Captain) James Peacock
- Vice Admiral (Captain) William Goodson
- Vice Admiral Sir Christopher Myngs
- Vice Admiral Sir John Harman
- Rear Admiral Sir John Berry
- Rear Admiral Sir Richard Stainer
- Rear Admiral (Captain) Anthony Houlding
- Rear Admiral (Captain) Deacons
- Rear Admiral (Captain) Robert Sansum
Notable cabin boys
- John Anglin, cabin boy who received the Medal of Honor during the American Civil War.
- Hobart Bosworth, cabin boy on the Sovereign of the Seas who became a famous actor.
- Christian Franzen, cabin boy who served in the Wisconsin State Assembly.
- Michael Healy, cabin boy in 1854, who became the first African-American to command a ship of the United States Government.
- James Machon, cabin boy who received the Medal of Honor during the American Civil War.
- Thomas Nickerson, cabin boy on the Essex who later wrote about the shipwreck and subsequent three months of survival at sea.
- John H. Paynter, cabin boy who enlisted in 1884, later became a real estate developer and writer of poetry and nonfiction, including the acclaimed Fugitive of the Pearl (1930).
- John Ward Westcott, cabin boy at the age of 13 and a Great Lakes captain at 20. He developed a special vessel mail system.
- Cori, de Scheepsjongen ("Cori the Cabin Boy"), a comics series by Belgian artist Bob de Moor about a cabin boy working for the Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie in the 16th century.
- Cabin Boy, a 1994 film.
- "Cabin Boy" a song by Tom Robinson from the 1984/1997 Castaway Northwest CNWVP006 album War Baby.
- Captain Pugwash, a British television children's animated series about a hapless captain and his crew; Tom, the cabin boy, is depicted as the most intelligent member of the crew. It is an urban myth that he was called 'Roger the cabin boy' (a slang sexual meaning of the name Roger).
- Treasure Island, where the main character Jim serves as a cabin boy on the board the ship the Hispaniola.
- "Cabin Boy", a short story by Damon Knight.
- Renaissance Festival, The Cabin Boys, Pirate Fire Comedy act from Minnesota.
- 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1915,' Biographical Sketch of Chris Franzen, pg. 519