Caladenia carnea

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pink fingers orchid
Pink fingers.jpg
Caladenia carnea in the southern midlands of Tasmania
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Genus: Caladenia
Species: C. carnea
Binomial name
Caladenia carnea
R.Br. (1810)
Synonyms[1]
  • Caladenia catenata f. carnea (R.Br.) N.Halle
  • Caladenia catenata (Sm.) Druce
  • Petalochilus carneus (R.Br.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem

Caladenia carnea, commonly known as pink fingers is a plant in the orchid family Orchidaceae and is endemic to eastern and south-eastern Australia, including Tasmania. It has a single thin, green leaf and one to five white or pink flowers with red stripes and two rows of yellow-tipped "calli" on their labellum.

Description[edit]

Caladenia carnea is a terrestrial, perennial, deciduous, herb with an underground tuber and a single, sparsely hairy, narrow linear leaf, 90–150 mm (4–6 in) long and 3–4 mm (0.1–0.2 in) wide.[2][3][4]

The inflorescence is a raceme, 120–250 mm (5–10 in) tall with between one to three, sometimes five flowers. The flowers are sometimes sweetly scented or musky. The dorsal sepal is usually erect, 10–15 mm (0.4–0.6 in) long, 2–4 mm (0.08–0.2 in) wide. The lateral sepals and petals are usually 8–15 mm (0.3–0.6 in) long with their outer surfaces covered with glandular hairs. Their outer surface is greenish-pink, sometimes striped, and the inner surface is pinkish or greenish white. The labellum is roughly egg-shaped, 5–8 mm (0.2–0.3 in) long and wide, white or pinkish with prominent red stripes. The sides of the labellum turn upwards while the centre part has a toothed edge, usually with yellow calli and there are two lines of raised, club-like, yellow-tipped calli in the centre. The column is curved with red bars on the inside surface and has narrow wings on its sides. Flowering occurs between August and November and is followed by a non-fleshy, dehiscent capsule containing a large number of seeds.[2][3][4]

Size compared to a finger

This species is often confused with Caladenia fuscata but that species always has one flower per plant and flowers a few weeks earlier than C. carnea.[2]

Taxonomy and naming[edit]

Caladenia carnea was first formally described by Robert Brown in 1810 and the description was published in Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae.[1][5] In 2001, David Jones and Mark Clements proposed changing the name to Petalochilus carneus but the change has not been widely accepted.[6] The specific epithet (carnea) is a Latin word meaning "flesh".[7]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Pink fingers orchid occurs in Queensland south from Hervey Bay,[2] the eastern half of New South Wales,[3] most of Victoria apart from the alps and far north west of that state.[4] It also occurs in south-eastern South Australia[8] and Tasmania. It grows in a wide range of habitats including heath, scrubland, woodland and forest, preferring well-drained soil. It often survives land clearing.[2][3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Caladenia carnea". APNI. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Jones, David L. (2006). A complete guide to native orchids of Australia including the island territories. Frenchs Forest, N.S.W.: New Holland. p. 36. ISBN 1877069124. 
  3. ^ a b c d Bernhardt, Peter. "Caladenia carnea". Royal Botanic Garden Sydney: plantnet. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d Jeanes, Jeff. "Caladenia carnea". Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria: vicflora. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  5. ^ Brown, Robert (1810). Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae. London. p. 324. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  6. ^ "Petalochilus carneus". APNI. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  7. ^ Brown, Roland Wilbur (1956). The Composition of Scientific Words. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. p. 336. 
  8. ^ "Caladenia carnea". State Herbarium of South Australia. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 

External links[edit]