Calca Province

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Calca
Province
Qiwñaqucha in the Calca Province
Qiwñaqucha in the Calca Province
Coat of arms of Calca
Coat of arms
Location of Calca in the Cusco Region
Location of Calca in the Cusco Region
Country Peru
Region Cusco
Capital Calca
Government
 • Mayor Ciriaco Condori Cruz (2007)
Area
 • Total 4,414.49 km2 (1,704.44 sq mi)
Population (2007 census)
 • Total 65,407
 • Density 15/km2 (38/sq mi)
UBIGEO 0804
Website www.municalca.gob.pe

Calca Province is one of thirteen provinces in the Cusco Region in the southern highlands of Peru. Its seat is Calca.

Geography[edit]

The province is bounded to the north by the La Convención Province, to the east by the Paucartambo Province, to the south by the Cusco Province and the Quispicanchi Province, and to the west by the Urubamba Province.

It is traversed by the Urupampa mountain range. One of the highest peaks of the province is Sawasiray at 5,818 m (19,088 ft). Other mountains are listed below:[1]

The Willkanuta River which flows through the Sacred Valley is one of the most important rivers of the province.

Political division[edit]

The province is divided into eight districts (Spanish: distritos, singular: distrito), each of which is headed by a mayor (alcalde). The districts, with their capitals in parentheses, are:

Ethnic groups[edit]

The people in the province are mainly indigenous citizens of Quechua descent. Quechua is the language which the majority of the population (69.92%) learnt to speak in childhood, 29.47% of the residents started speaking in Spanish.[2]

Archaeological sites[edit]

The archaeological complex of P'isaq including Inti Watana is one of the prominent sites with remains of the Inca period in the province. Other archaeological sites are Chawaytiri, Llamayuq, Qhapaq Kancha and Mawk'ataray.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ escale.minedu.gob.pe - UGEL map of the Calca Province (Cusco Region)
  2. ^ inei.gob.pe Archived January 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. INEI, Peru, Censos Nacionales 2007

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 13°19′09″S 71°57′17″W / 13.319304°S 71.954656°W / -13.319304; -71.954656