Calochortus uniflorus

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Calochortus uniflorus
Calochortusuniflorus.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Calochortus
Species: C. uniflorus
Binomial name
Calochortus uniflorus
Hook. & Arn. 1840 not Hook. f. 1869
Synonyms[1]
  • Cyclobothra uniflora (Hook. & Arn.) Kunth
  • Calochortus lilacinus Kellogg
  • Calochortus uniflorus Hook.f.

Calochortus uniflorus is a species of flowering plant in the lily family known by the common names Monterey mariposa lily and large-flowered star-tulip.[2][3][4] It is native to western Oregon and to California as far south as San Luis Obispo County. It grows in moist areas, such as meadows, in coastal hills and lower-elevation mountains. Most of the populations are found in the Coast Ranges, but some occur in the Cascades and in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada.[5][6]

Calochortus uniflorus is a perennial herb producing a short, unbranching stem generally less than 5 centimeters tall. The basal leaf is up to 40 centimeters long and does not wither by flowering; there may be one or more shorter leaves farther up the stem. The inflorescence is a loose cluster of 1 to 5 erect, bell-shaped flowers. Each flower has three petals up to about 3 centimeters long and three shorter sepals beneath. The petals are white to pink in color and may have purple spotting near the bases. The fruit is a capsule up to 2.5 centimeters long.[7]

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