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In late European mythology and literature, a cambion /ˈkæmbiən/ is the offspring of an incubus, succubus, or other demon with a human, or of an incubus and succubus.


A cambion is most often depicted as the offspring of an incubus or succubus or demon of any kind, and a human. The earliest evidenced appearance of the word in this sense is in the 1818 French-Language Dictionnaire Infernal. The 1825 edition of that book has the following entry:

CAMBION, -- Enfants des Demons. Delancre et Bodin pensent que les démons incubes peuvent s'unir aux démones succubes, et qu'il nait de leur commerce des enfants hideux qu'on nomme cambions....[1]

English translation:

CAMBION, -- Children of Demons. Delancre and Bodin believe that incubus demons can unite with succubus demons, and that born of their exchange are hideous children which are called cambions.....[2]

The word cambion previously appeared on an early first century AD inscription in Gaul (Roman France). Linguist Benjamin W. Forston IV opines that:

...cambion is from the Celtic root -kamb 'crooked', also referring to back and forth motion and exchange. It is ultimately the source for English change via late Latin cambiare, a borrowing from Celtic.[3]

Given the above, it is probable that the word, as de Plancy defined it in 1818, is a cognate for changeling.[citation needed]

In the Malleus Maleficarum[edit]

The Malleus Maleficarum does not use the word but states that demons, including the incubus and the succubus, are incapable of reproduction:

Moreover, to beget a child is the act of a living body, but devils cannot bestow life upon the bodies they assume; because life formally proceeds only from the soul, and the act of generation is the act of the physical organs which have bodily life. Therefore bodies which are assumed in this way cannot either beget or bear.[4]

Because of this inability to create or nurture life, the method of the creation of a cambion is necessarily protracted. A succubus will have sex with a human male and so acquire a sample of his sperm. This she will then pass on to an incubus. The incubus will, in his turn, transfer the sperm to a human female and thus impregnate her.

Yet it may be said that these devils assume a body not in order that they may bestow life upon it, but that they may by the means of this body preserve human semen, and pass the semen on to another body.[4]

The text goes on to discuss at great length the arguments for and against this process being possible, citing a number of biblical quotations and noted scholars in support of its arguments, and finally concludes that this is indeed the method used by such demons.

In the Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology[edit]

In the Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology the cambion is said to be the direct offspring of the incubus and the succubus, foregoing any need for human involvement. This same incarnation retained the absence of breath or a pulse until seven years of age, but was said to also have been incredibly heavy (even too heavy for a horse to carry) and to have cried upon being touched.[5]


  • Merlin the legendary wizard, alchemist, and teacher/advisor to King Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table is a well known cambion, it being the source of his power.
  • Dante and his brother Vergil from the Devil May Cry series are cambions, being the offspring of the Demon Knight Sparda and human Eva, causing them both to have powers and white hair due to their heritage.
  • The character Hellboy is this.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Dictionnaire Infernal, Vol. 2, Jacques Albin Simon Collin de Plancy, p.314.
  2. ^ Dictionnaire Infernal, Vol. 2, Jacques Albin Simon Collin de Plancy, p.314.
  3. ^ Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, Benjamin W. Forston IV, p. 17.
  4. ^ a b Malleus Maleficarum, Part I, Question III
  5. ^ Spence, Lewis (2000). "Cambions". In the Gale Group's Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, p. 148. ISBN 0-8103-8570-8.