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He was born in Shawinigan, Quebec to Wilbroy Samson, a journalist and farmer, and Irène Carle. He completed his studies in Shawinigan, Cléricy and at the Duchesnay forestry station. rom 1952 to 1956, he worked in the forestry industry. From 1956 to 1970, he worked in the automobile industry as a salesman, service manager, and sales manager. he was also an insurance agent.
In 1963 and 1964, he was the president of the Jeunesse créditiste du Canada, the youth wing of the Ralliement créditiste, a political party that nominated candidates in federal elections and promoted social credit theories of monetary reform. He later became the Secretary and Vice President of the party. He was unsuccessful as the party's candidate in the Pontiac-Témiscamingue riding in the 1965 federal election. In the 1966 Quebec provicial election, he was the unsuccessful candidate for the Quebec separatist Ralliement national party in Témiscamingue riding. He was the president of the Chamber of Commerce in Rouyn-Noranda en 1969.
He founded the Ralliement créditiste du Québec party, and was named president of the party on January 24, 1970. This party was the provincial counterpart of the Ralliement créditiste du Canada, founded to promote social credit policies at the provincial level in Quebec.
In the 1970 Quebec election campaign, in an unfortunate moment of rhetorical transport, delivered this line in reference to the government against which he was running: "Ladies and gentlemen, the Union Nationale has brought you to the edge of the abyss. With Social Credit, you will take one step forward." The créditistes nonetheless benefited from the decline of the conservative Union Nationale party and made a modest breakthrough, winning 12 seats in the National Assembly and 11.2% of the vote; Samson was elected in the riding of Rouyn-Noranda. The party was never able to build on this initial success because it was wracked continually by internal divisions.
Samson served as leader of the party from March 22, 1970 to February 13, 1972. On March 16, Camil Samson was expelled from the party by nine of the créditiste MNAs (organized by interim leader Armand Bois) for criticizing some of the caucus members, and for not attending party meetings. On March 19, Samson declared himself to be the leader of a new créditiste group, and demanded to be seated in the National Assembly as a member of the "Registered Ralliement créditiste du Québec", along with two other créditiste MNAs, Aurèle Audet (Abitibi-Ouest) and Bernard Dumont (Mégantic). However, the speaker of the National Assembly recognized Armand Bois as parliamentary leader of the Ralliement créditiste du Québec. On August 11, Samson, Dumont and Audet rejoined the Ralliement créditiste.
He ran again for the leadership of the party at its convention on February 4, 1973, but was defeated by former federal Liberal cabinet minister Yvon Dupuis. Because Dupuis was not a sitting member of the National Assembly, Samson served as parliamentary leader of the renamed Parti créditiste from March 15 to September 25, 1973. He was re-elected in the 1973 provincial election, along with only one other créditiste, Fabien Roy. Before the 1976 election, there was a further split as the only two sitting Parti créditiste MNAs went their separate ways. Samson became leader of the part, once again called the Ralliement créditiste du Québec again on May 11, 1975, while Fabien Roy was expelled from the party.
On November 12, 1978, Samson founded a new party, Les Démocrates, with Pierre Sévigny, who had been a Progressive Conservative Party of Canada Member of Parliament from 1958 to 1963. This party was renamed on January 1, 1980, the Parti démocrate créditiste.
On October 15, 1980, Samson joined the Parti libéral du Québec, bringing the Parti démocrate créditiste to an end. He was defeated in his bid for re-election to the National Assembly in Rouyn-Noranda-Témiscamingue riding in the 1981 provincial election.
He worked as a radio announcer for CKCV from 1981 to 1984, and for CHRC in Québec City from 1984 to 1993. He also participated in numerous televisions broadcasts on the Télévision Quatre-Saisons network from 1989 to 1991.
He ran unsuccessfully as a Liberal candidate in Québec-Est riding in the 1993 federal election, and was named special advisor to the federal minister responsible for the Quebec City region in 1994.
Bibliography: Camil Samson et le défi créditiste: l'homme, le parti et l'équipe, Québec, Éditions du Griffon, 1970, 195 p.
Source: Quebec National Assembly website