Camphene

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Camphene[1][2]
Camphene.png
Camphene BS.png
Names
IUPAC name
2,2-dimethyl-3-methylene-bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane
Identifiers
79-92-5 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:3830 YesY
ChemSpider 6364 YesY
EC number 201-234-8
Jmol-3D images Image
KEGG C06076 YesY
PubChem 6616
UNII G3VG94Z26E YesY
Properties
C10H16
Molar mass 136.24 g·mol−1
Appearance Crystalline solid[3]
Density 0.842 g/cm3[3]
Melting point 51 to 52 °C (124 to 126 °F; 324 to 325 K)[3]
Boiling point 159 °C (318 °F; 432 K)[3]
Practically insoluble[3]
Hazards
R-phrases R11 R36/37/38 R50/53
S-phrases S16 S26 S29 S37/39 S57
Flash point 40 °C (104 °F; 313 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 YesY verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

Camphene is a bicyclic monoterpene. It is nearly insoluble in water, but very soluble in common organic solvents. It volatilizes readily at room temperature and has a pungent smell. It is a minor constituent of many essential oils such as turpentine, cypress oil, camphor oil, citronella oil, neroli, ginger oil, and valerian. It is produced industrially by catalytic isomerization of the more common alpha-pinene. Camphene is used in the preparation of fragrances and as a food additive for flavoring. Its mid-19th century use as a fuel for lamps was limited by its explosiveness.

References[edit]

  1. ^ IUCLID Datasheet
  2. ^ Fisher Scientific MSDS
  3. ^ a b c d e Merck Index, 11th Edition, 1736