Campylobacter fetus

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Campylobacter fetus
Campylobacter fetus 01.jpg
SEM image of C. fetus showing the characteristic "S-shaped" morphology.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Epsilonproteobacteria
Order: Campylobacterales
Family: Campylobacteraceae
Genus: Campylobacter
Species: C. fetus
Binomial name
Campylobacter fetus
(Smith & Taylor 1919)
Sebald & Véron 1963

Campylobacter fetus is a species of Gram-negative, motile bacteria with a characteristic "S"-shaped rod morphology similar to members of the genus Vibrio .[1] Like other members of the Campylobacter genus, C. fetus is oxidase-positive.

Pathogenesis[edit]

In addition to causing some cases of abortion in cattle and sheep, C. fetus is an opportunistic human pathogen and can cause bacteremia and thrombophlebitis[2] . Though rare, C. fetus can lead to fatal septicemia in newborns and immunocompromised individuals[3] . C. fetus, along with Campylobacter coli, have been shown to cause septicemia.[4] Bacteremia can lead to localized infections of the meninges in the brain, the respiratory pleural spaces or lungs, joints,[5] the pericardial sac around the heart, or the peritoneum.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ryan KJ; Ray CG, eds. (2004). Sherris Medical Microbiology (4th ed.). McGraw Hill. ISBN 978-0-8385-8529-0. 
  2. ^ Perez-Perez GI, Blaser MJ (1996). Baron S, et al., eds. Campylobacter and Helicobacter. In: Baron's Medical Microbiology (4th ed.). Univ of Texas Medical Branch. ISBN 978-0-9631172-1-2. (via NCBI Bookshelf). 
  3. ^ Monno R, Rendina M, Ceci G, Rizzo C, Luzzi I, Francavilla A, Rizzo G, Ierardi E (2004). "Campylobacter fetus bacteremia in an immunocompromised patient: case report and review of the literature". New Microbiol. 27 (3): 281–5. PMID 15460531. 
  4. ^ Kist, M.; Keller, K. M.; Niebling, W.; Kilching, W. (1984-04-01). "Campylobacter coli septicaemia associated with septic abortion". Infection. 12 (2): 88–90. doi:10.1007/bf01641678. ISSN 0300-8126. PMID 6735483. 
  5. ^ David J, Nasser RM, Goldberg JW, Reed KD, Earll MD (2005). "Bilateral prosthetic knee infection by Campylobacter fetus". J Arthroplasty. 20 (3): 401–5. doi:10.1016/j.arth.2004.09.030. PMID 15809962. 

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