Canadian Heritage Information Network
|Réseau canadien d'information sur le patrimoine|
|Type||Special operating agency|
|Headquarters||1030 Innes Road|
|Annual budget||$2.76 m CAD (2017-18)|
|Parent department||Department of Canadian Heritage|
The Canadian Heritage Information Network (CHIN; French: Réseau canadien d'information sur le patrimoine, RCIP) is a special operating agency within the federal Department of Canadian Heritage that provides a networked interface to Canada's heritage institutions. It is based in Gatineau, Quebec, and is administratively merged with the Canadian Conservation Institute (CCI), another special operating agency of Canadian Heritage.
Along with providing online public access to millions of collections records, CHIN offers collections management resources to Canada's museum community; more specifically, it assists museums in documenting, managing, and sharing information about their collections, thereby ensuring the accessibility of such information. CHIN provides bilingual information for all its resources.
CHIN has three core areas of activity:
- create and maintain an online point of entry to Canadian collections;
- carry out research and development on collections documentation tools and standards; and
- provide guidance and training to cultural institutions on managing collections information.
Moreover, the agency oversees Artefacts Canada, a national inventory of museum collections that provides access to several million records and images from Canadian museums. It used by national and international heritage professionals—as well as by the public—to research Canadian cultural collections. CHIN also manages the online database for Rowman & Littlefield's Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging, a structured and controlled list of object terms organized in a classification system in order to "provide a basis for indexing and cataloging collections of human-made objects." First published in 1978 (launching online in 2018), it is North America's most extensively used "museum classification and controlled vocabulary for historical and ethnological collections."
The Canadian Heritage Information Network was established in 1972 as Canada's National Inventory Programme, originally to create a data bank, accessed through a computerized national network, and to help museums construct computerized inventories of their collections.
In the 1990s, CHIN began maintaining a website where the museum community of Canada could find resources to improve the online visibility of their collections.
- http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2020/pch/CH57-1-2-2018-eng.pdf[bare URL PDF]
- "The Canadian Heritage Information Network (CHIN)". www.connectingtocollections.org. Connecting to Collections Care. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
- "Organizational structure". Canadian Heritage Information Network. 2020-12-24. Archived from the original on 2021-01-09. Retrieved 2021-01-21.
- "Canadian Heritage Information Network's mandate". Canadian Heritage Information Network. 2020-06-09. Archived from the original on 2017-09-26. Retrieved 2021-01-21.
- Bowen, Jonathan P. (2010). "A Brief History of Early Museums Online". The Rutherford Journal. 3.
- "Artefacts Canada". Artefacts Canada. 2016-05-27. Archived from the original on 2017-06-14. Retrieved 2021-01-21.
- Government of Canada, Canadian Heritage (2018-09-01). "Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging". www.nomenclature.info. Retrieved 2021-01-21.
- Video - About the Canadian Heritage Information Network
- Sledge, Jane, and Betsy Comstock. 1986. "The Canadian Heritage Information Network." Pp. 7-16 in Museum Documentation Systems: Developments and Applications, edited by R. Light, D. Roberts, and J. Stewart. Butterworth & Co. doi:10.1016/B978-0-408-10815-7.50007-7