Capture of Erivan

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Capture of Yerevan
Part of the Russo-Persian War (1826–1828)
Capture of Erivan Fortress by Russia, 1827 (by Franz Roubaud).jpg
Franz Roubaud's painting of the Yerevan Fortress siege in 1827 by the Russian forces under leadership of Ivan Paskevich
Date1 October 1827
Location40°11′N 44°31′E / 40.183°N 44.517°E / 40.183; 44.517Coordinates: 40°11′N 44°31′E / 40.183°N 44.517°E / 40.183; 44.517
Result Russian victory
Russia Russian Empire Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg Qajar Persia
Commanders and leaders
Ivan Paskevich
Roman Bagration
Abbas Mirza
Hossein Khan Sardar

The capture of Erivan (Persian: فتح ایروان, romanizedFath e Iravān; Russian: Взятие Эривани, romanizedVzyatie Ėrivani) took place on 1 October 1827, during the Russo-Persian War of 1826–28. The city fell to the Russians after being besieged for a week and opened up the path for the eventual capture of Tabriz, the second largest city in Iran and an important trading post.[1]


Siege of Yerevan[edit]

When word reached Paskevich he abandoned any plans to move south and returned to Echmiadzin (5 September). Moving east he captured the fort of Serdar-Abad from the Persians and on 23 September appeared before the walls of Yerevan. Much of the siege work was directed by Pushchin [ru], a former engineer officer who had been reduced to the ranks for involvement with the Decembrists. When the place fell he was promoted to non-commissioned officer. Yerevan fell on 14 October. 4000 prisoners and 49 guns were taken and the Yerevan Khanate became a Russian province.


As a result of the capture of Tabriz, the Shah Fath-Ali Shah Qajar sued for peace which resulted in the signing of the Treaty of Turkmenchay in 1828. Under the treaty, the Erivan Khanate (present-day Armenia) and Nakhichevan Khanate (present-day Azerbaijan) were ceded to the Russian Empire.[2]


  1. ^ Tucker, Spencer C. (2010). A global chronology of conflict from the ancient world to the modern Middle East (1st ed.). Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. p. 1148. ISBN 9781851096725.
  2. ^ King, Charles (2008). The ghost of freedom a history of the Caucasus. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 50–51. ISBN 9780198039549.