Capture of Erivan
|Capture of Yerevan|
|Part of the Russo-Persian War (1826–1828)|
Franz Roubaud's painting of the Yerevan Fortress siege in 1827 by the Russian forces under leadership of Ivan Paskevich
|Russian Empire||Qajar Persia|
|Commanders and leaders|
Abbas Mirza |
Hossein Khan Sardar
The capture of Erivan (Persian: فتح ایروان, romanized: Fath e Iravān; Russian: Взятие Эривани, romanized: Vzyatie Ėrivani) took place on 1 October 1827, during the Russo-Persian War of 1826–28. The city fell to the Russians after being besieged for a week and opened up the path for the eventual capture of Tabriz, the second largest city in Iran and an important trading post.
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Siege of Yerevan
When word reached Paskevich he abandoned any plans to move south and returned to Echmiadzin (5 September). Moving east he captured the fort of Serdar-Abad from the Persians and on 23 September appeared before the walls of Yerevan. Much of the siege work was directed by Pushchin [ru], a former engineer officer who had been reduced to the ranks for involvement with the Decembrists. When the place fell he was promoted to non-commissioned officer. Yerevan fell on 14 October. 4000 prisoners and 49 guns were taken and the Yerevan Khanate became a Russian province.
As a result of the capture of Tabriz, the Shah Fath-Ali Shah Qajar sued for peace which resulted in the signing of the Treaty of Turkmenchay in 1828. Under the treaty, the Erivan Khanate (present-day Armenia) and Nakhichevan Khanate (present-day Azerbaijan) were ceded to the Russian Empire.
- Tucker, Spencer C. (2010). A global chronology of conflict from the ancient world to the modern Middle East (1st ed.). Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. p. 1148. ISBN 9781851096725.
- King, Charles (2008). The ghost of freedom a history of the Caucasus. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 50–51. ISBN 9780198039549.
- Kettenhoden, Erich; Bournoutian, George A.; Hewsen, Robert H. (1998). "EREVAN ii. The Persian Khanate.". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. VIII, Fasc. 5. pp. 542–551.