Capture of Erivan

Coordinates: 40°11′N 44°31′E / 40.183°N 44.517°E / 40.183; 44.517
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Capture of Yerevan
Part of the Russo-Persian War (1826–1828)

Franz Roubaud's painting of the Yerevan Fortress siege in 1827 by the Russian forces under leadership of Ivan Paskevich
Date1 October 1827
Location40°11′N 44°31′E / 40.183°N 44.517°E / 40.183; 44.517
Result Russian victory
Russia Russian Empire Qajar Persia
Commanders and leaders
Ivan Paskevich
Roman Bagration
Abbas Mirza
Hossein Khan Sardar
8,600 6,000–7,000
Casualties and losses
1 officer and 8 soldiers killed;
2 officers and 44 soldiers wounded
4,000 prisoners

The capture of Erivan (Persian: فتح ایروان, romanizedFath e Iravān; Russian: Взятие Эривани, romanizedVzyatie Ėrivani) took place on 1 October 1827, during the Russo-Persian War of 1826–28. The city fell to the Russians after being besieged for a week and opened up the path for the eventual capture of Tabriz, the second largest city in Iran and an important trading post.[1]


Siege of Yerevan[edit]

When word reached Paskevich he abandoned any plans to move south and returned to Echmiadzin (5 September). Moving east he captured the fort of Serdar-Abad from the Persians and on 23 September appeared before the walls of Yerevan. Much of the siege work was directed by Pushchin [ru], a former engineer officer who had been reduced to the ranks for involvement with the Decembrists. When the place fell he was promoted to non-commissioned officer. Yerevan fell on 14 October. 4000 prisoners and 49 guns were taken and the Yerevan Khanate became a Russian province.


As a result of the capture of Tabriz, the Shah Fath-Ali Shah Qajar sued for peace which resulted in the signing of the Treaty of Turkmenchay in 1828. Under the treaty, the Erivan Khanate (present-day Armenia) and Nakhichevan Khanate (present-day Azerbaijan) were ceded to the Russian Empire.[2]


  1. ^ Tucker, Spencer C. (2010). A global chronology of conflict from the ancient world to the modern Middle East (1st ed.). Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. p. 1148. ISBN 9781851096725.
  2. ^ King, Charles (2008). The ghost of freedom a history of the Caucasus. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 50–51. ISBN 9780198039549.