Caralluma adscendens

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Caralluma adscendens
18464.Asclepiadaceae - Caralluma fimbriata.jpg
1832 botanical illustration of C. fimbriata, a synonym of Caralluma adscendens
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Caralluma
Species:
C. adscendens
Binomial name
Caralluma adscendens
Synonyms[1]
  • Boucerosia adscendens (Roxb.) Wall.
  • Caralluma attenuata Wight
  • Caralluma fimbriata Wall.

Caralluma adscendens is a succulent plant in the family Apocynaceae. Its distribution ranges from India and Sri Lanka through the Arabian peninsula to North Africa and the Sahel.

In home gardens[edit]

Caralluma adscendens Some people in Pakistan have started to grow it in earthen plastic Containers and are producing fresh vegetables for their consumption.

Use[edit]

Caralluma adscendens has been eaten in rural India for centuries, raw, as a vegetable with spices, or preserved in chutneys and pickles, and is often found as a roadside shrub or boundary marker.

Consumer issues[edit]

Various diet pills claiming to contain Caralluma fimbriata extracts are marketed for weight loss. A study published by the US NIH in 2015 showed the supplement to be well-tolerated, but to have no clinical effect compared to a placebo at the supposedly therapeutic dose of 1g daily[2]

Chemistry[edit]

The key phytochemical constituents of the herb are pregnane glycosides, flavone glycosides, megastigmane glycosides, and saponins.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 15 January 2014.
  2. ^ Arora, E; Khajuria, V; Tandon, VR; Sharma, A; Mahajan, A; Gillani, ZH; Choudhary, N. "To evaluate efficacy and safety of Caralluma fimbriata in overweight and obese patients: A randomized, single blinded, placebo control trial". Perspect Clin Res. 6: 39–44. doi:10.4103/2229-3485.148812. PMC 4314845. PMID 25657901.

External links[edit]