Cardiff City Council
Cardiff City Council was the local government district authority that administered the city of Cardiff, capital of Wales, from 1974 till 1996. The district council replaced the pre-1974 county borough council.
Local government in England and Wales was reorganised following the Local Government Act 1972. The old county of Glamorgan was subdivided, with the Vale of Glamorgan and Cardiff forming South Glamorgan. South Glamorgan County Council came into existence on 1 April 1974. The administration of the area was further subdivided between the two district councils, Cardiff City Council (later Cardiff Council) and the Vale of Glamorgan Borough Council (later the Vale of Glamorgan Council).
At the first Cardiff City Council elections in 1973, 75 city councillors were elected from 21 electoral wards. From 1983, the number of wards increased to 26. From 1987, the number of councillors reduced to 65.
Cardiff had traditionally been a Conservative Party stronghold, but the city council's first administration in 1974 had a Labour Party majority, reflecting the changing social composition of the city. However, control of the council changed regularly during its existence, between Labour, Conservative and a period from 1987 to 1991, when no party had a majority.
|Party in control||Years|
|Labour||1973 - 1976|
|Conservative||1976 - 1979|
|Labour||1979 - 1983|
|Conservative||1983 - 1987|
|No overall control||1987 - 1991|
|Labour||1991 - 1996|
Labour's Philip Dunleavy was the first leader of the council from 1974 to 1976, then again from 1979 to 1982 (when Labour regained its majority). He became Lord Mayor of Cardiff in 1982-3. Dunleavy was a driving force behind the creation of St David's Hall, the Cardiff Ice Rink and other initiatives to make Cardiff a modern successful city.
Councillor Ron Watkiss was Conservative leader of the council during their majority administration, which ended in May 1987.
Councillor John Phillips subsequently became leader of the Labour group. Described as a Labour 'traditionalist', in 1994 he was ousted by Sue Essex of the 'new urban left', who had been promoting a green agenda in Cardiff through the 1990s.
Cardiff City Council ceased to exist following the 1996 local government reorganisation, replaced by the unitary authority of the County Council of the City and County of Cardiff. Labour leader of Cardiff City Council, Sue Essex, narrowly lost to Russell Goodway the election to be leader of the Labour group and hence the new council.
- Alan Hooper; John Punter (Eds.) Capital Cardiff 1975–2020: Regeneration, Competitiveness and the Urban Environment. University of Wales Press (2006), ISBN 0-7083-2063-5.
- South Glamorgan/De Morgannwg: Directory of Services. South Glamorgan County Council. March 1975.
- Stewart Williams (Ed.), The Cardiff Book: Volume I., Stewart Williams Publishers (1973), p. 8. ISBN 0-900807-05-9.
- "Cardiff Welsh District County Council Election Results 1973-1991" (PDF). The Elections Centre (Plymouth University). Retrieved 11 May 2019.
- Capital Cardiff 1975-2020: Regeneration, Competitiveness and the Urban Environment, page 35.
- Tony Heath (18 January 1996). "OBITUARY: Philip Dunleavy". The Independent. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
- Michael Thomas (6 May 1987). "City Tory chief challenges Labour claims". South Wales Echo. p. 1.
- "D1440 - John Reynolds of Cardiff, Papers - 1940s-2002". Glamorgan Archives. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
- Capital Cardiff 1975–2020: Regeneration, Competitiveness and the Urban Environment, pp. 35-36