# Carleman's condition

In mathematics, particularly, in analysis, Carleman's condition gives a sufficient condition for the determinacy of the moment problem. That is, if a measure ${\displaystyle \mu }$ satisfies Carleman's condition, there is no other measure ${\displaystyle \nu }$ having the same moments as ${\displaystyle \mu .}$ The condition was discovered by Torsten Carleman in 1922.[1]

## Hamburger moment problem

For the Hamburger moment problem (the moment problem on the whole real line), the theorem states the following:

Let ${\displaystyle \mu }$ be a measure on ${\displaystyle \mathbb {R} }$ such that all the moments

${\displaystyle m_{n}=\int _{-\infty }^{+\infty }x^{n}\,d\mu (x)~,\quad n=0,1,2,\cdots }$
are finite. If
${\displaystyle \sum _{n=1}^{\infty }m_{2n}^{-{\frac {1}{2n}}}=+\infty ,}$
then the moment problem for ${\displaystyle (m_{n})}$ is determinate; that is, ${\displaystyle \mu }$ is the only measure on ${\displaystyle \mathbb {R} }$ with ${\displaystyle (m_{n})}$ as its sequence of moments.

## Stieltjes moment problem

For the Stieltjes moment problem, the sufficient condition for determinacy is

${\displaystyle \sum _{n=1}^{\infty }m_{n}^{-{\frac {1}{2n}}}=+\infty .}$

## References

• Akhiezer, N. I. (1965). The Classical Moment Problem and Some Related Questions in Analysis. Oliver & Boyd.