Carmel Bach Festival

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In 1935 Dene Denny and Hazel Watrous[1] founded the Carmel Bach Festival in Carmel-by-the-Sea, California. The Festival began as a four-day festival of open rehearsals, events, and concerts conducted by Ernst Bacon and Gastone Usigli.[2][3]

In 1938,[4] Gastone Usigli was named Music Director, leading the Festival until his death in 1956. As his successor Dene Denny chose Hungarian-born conductor Sandor Salgo.[5]

When Salgo retired in 1991, Bruno Weil was named the Music Director and Conductor of the Carmel Bach Festival. Maestro Weil concluded his tenure with the 2010 Festival.[6]

In 2011, the 74th Season welcomed new Music Director Paul Goodwin.


  1. ^ [Carmel Impresarios; pub 2014. ISBN 978-0-9856655-4-8]
  2. ^ Carmel Music Society Website
  3. ^ [Carmel Impresarios; pub 2014. ISBN 978-0-9856655-4-8]
  4. ^ [Carmel Impresarios; pub 2014. ISBN 978-0-9856655-4-8]
  5. ^ Sandor Salgo Oral History, Stanford University
  6. ^ [Carmel Impresarios; pub 2014. ISBN 978-0-9856655-4-8]

See also[edit]


  • Gordon, David J (2014). Carmel Impresarios: a cultural biography of Dene Denny and Hazel Watrous. Carmel, California: Lucky Valley Press. ISBN 978-0-9856655-4-8. 
  • Hudson, Monica (2006). Carmel-by-the-Sea. Carmel, California: Arcadia Press. ISBN 978-0738531229. 
  • Miller, Leta E. (2011). Music and Politics in San Francisco: From the 1906 Quake to the Second World War. Berkeley, California: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0520268913. 
  • Starr, Kevin (2002). The Dream Endures: California Enters the 1940s. New York; London: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195157970. 

External links[edit]