Carnival of Venice (song)
The 'Carnival of Venice', is based on a Neapolitan folk tune called "Oh Mama, Mama Cara" and popularized by violinist and composer Niccolo Paganini, who wrote twenty variations on the original tune. He titled it "Il Carnivale Di Venezia," Op. 40. In 1829, he wrote to a friend, "The variations I've composed on the graceful Neapolitan ditty, 'Oh Mamma, Mama Cara,' outshine everything. I can't describe it."  Since then, the tune has been used for a number of popular songs such as "If You Should Go to Venice" and "My Hat, It Has Three Corners" (or in German, Mein Hut, der hat drei Ecken [de]). A series of theme and variations has been written for solo cornet, as "show off" pieces that contain virtuoso displays of double and triple tonguing, and fast tempos.
Since Paganini, many variations on the theme have been written, most notably those by Jean-Baptiste Arban, Del Staigers, Herbert L. Clarke for the cornet, trumpet, and euphonium, Francisco Tárrega and Johann Kaspar Mertz for classical guitar, Ignace Gibsone and Louis Moreau Gottschalk for piano, and Giovanni Bottesini for double bass. Chopin's "Souvenir de Paganini", dedicated to the composer and violin virtuoso Niccolò Paganini, is another variation on this theme. The popular novelty song, "(How Much Is) That Doggie in the Window?", written and recorded in 1952, is based on the tune.
The piece has also been arranged for tuba, notably played by John Fletcher and available on the CD The Best of Fletch. Also Roger Bobo on Tuba Libera (cd). Another tubist whose performance of the piece is noteworthy is Øystein Baadsvik, a Norwegian tubist.
Between 2015 and 2018, German crossover violinist David Garrett gained wide recognition with the tune, playing variations of Paganini's variations in movies and with various orchestras and bands. 
- Jean-Baptiste Arban (1825-1889): Variations on 'Carnival of Venice' (for trumpet or cornet)
- Nicolas-Charles Bochsa Le Carnaval de Venise for pedal harp
- Giovanni Bottesini Introduction and Variations on Carnival of Venice (Double Bass)
- Giulio Briccialdi Carnival of Venice for flute and orchestra Op.77
- Ernesto Cavallini Carnival of Venice (Eb Clarinet or any Eb instrument like Eb Piccolo Violin)
- Charles Dancla The Carnival of Venice (for violin)
- Félix Godefroid Carnaval de Venise pour harpe
- Elgar Howarth: The Carnival of Venice Variations (for Brass Ensemble)
- Paul Jeanjean (1874-1928): Venice Carnival (for clarinet)
- Bob McChesney Variations on 'Carnival of Venice' for Trombone
- Carlo Munier for mandolin and guitar
- Paganini: The Carnival of Venice (for violin: Scordatura comes in: Tune the Violin up a Half Step)
- Francisco Tárrega (1852-1909): Variations on Carnival of Venice (for guitar)
- Eduardo Zerega Le Carnival de Venise pour mandoline et piano
- "(The) Carnival of Venice", Arban, arr. James. Harry James and His Orchestra (Columbia 36004) 1941
- "Carnival of Venice", arr. Paganini, Zino Francescatti (Violin), Arthur Balsam (Piano) 1954
- "Carnival of Venice", Hank Snow guitar solo 1956
- "Carnival of Venice", arr. Frosini, Danny Kaye 1960
- "Carnival of Venice", arr. Tony Mottola, Tony Mottola And His Orchestra 1962
- "Carnival of Venice", arr. Jean Rolle, The Waikikis Netherlands 1963
- "Carnival of Venice", arr. Al Hirt, Al Hirt from Live at Carnegie Hall (Al Hirt album) 1965
- "Carnival of Venice, Goodnight Vienna" The Keith Newton Sound 1970
- "The Carnival of Venice Variations", arr. Elgar Howarth, Philip Jones Brass Ensemble 1975
- "Carnival of Venice", arr. Del Staigers, The Canadian Brass from The Village Band 1981
- "Carnival of Venice", arr. Johnny Lo Piccolo for accordion Australia
- "Carnaval de Venise", Victor Massé La Reine Topaze Sumi Jo and English Chamber Orchestra 1994
- 1955 The Honeymooners – In the episode, Young Man with a Horn (#1.26), Alice finds Ralph's old cornet in the bedroom closet. Ralph remembers lost career chances, and feels discouraged. The song Ralph attempts to play on the cornet is "Carnival of Venice".
- 2013 The Devil's Violinist
- Kinscella, Hazel Gertrude (2005). Music and Romance. Kessinger Publishing. p. 256. ISBN 978-1-4179-9594-3.
- "Carnival In Venice". Discogs. Retrieved 2019-01-02.
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?reload=9&v=I0CM0x45XRU and elsewhere
- "COLUMBIA (Microphone label, USA) 36000 to 36500 Numerical Listing". 78discography.com. Retrieved 2016-01-02.
- "Harry James And His Orchestra – Flight Of The Bumble Bee / The Carnival Of Venice". discogs.com. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
- "Internet Movie Database". imdb.com. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
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