Carol Meyers was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. Her mother was a dental assistant and volunteer community worker. Her father was a dentist. She went to Kingston High School, Kingston, Pennsylvania; made her B.A. with honors at Wellesley College in Wellesley, Massachusetts and her M.A. and Ph.D. at Brandeis University in Waltham, Massachusetts.
Meyers started to teach at Duke University in 1977. She writes and teaches in the areas of biblical studies, archaeology, and the study of women in the biblical world. She has been described as "one of today's leading historians and field archeologists". Her 1988 book, Discovering Eve: Ancient Israelite Women in Context, was the "first comprehensive effort to present a female-centred view of the Bible using historical rather than literary criticism". Meyers has also written commentaries on Exodus, Haggai, and Zechariah.
- "Carol L. Meyers". scholars.duke.edu. Retrieved 2017-02-07.
- Perdue, Leo G. (2005). Reconstructing Old Testament Theology: After the Collapse of History. Fortress Press. p. 136.
- Fuchs, Esther (2008). "Feminist Approaches to the Hebrew Bible". The Hebrew Bible: New Insights and Scholarship. New York University Press. p. 85.
- "Past Presidents List" (PDF). Society of Biblical Literature. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
- Collaborators on the Old Testament of the New American Bible 2010[permanent dead link]
- "Biographies". PBS. Retrieved 14 August 2013.