This article contains content that is written like an advertisement. (March 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The Watch City
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
|Incorporated as a Town||1738|
|Incorporated as a City||1884|
|• Type||Mayor-council city|
|• Mayor||Jeannette McCarthy|
|• Total||13.76 sq mi (35.64 km2)|
|• Land||12.74 sq mi (33.01 km2)|
|• Water||1.02 sq mi (2.63 km2)|
|Elevation||50 ft (15 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||4,903.88/sq mi (1,893.47/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern)|
|Area code(s)||339 / 781|
|GNIS feature ID||0612400|
Waltham is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States, and was an early center for the labor movement as well as a major contributor to the American Industrial Revolution. The original home of the Boston Manufacturing Company, the city was a prototype for 19th century industrial city planning, spawning what became known as the Waltham-Lowell system of labor and production. The city is now a center for research and higher education, home to Brandeis University and Bentley University. The population was 60,636 at the census in 2010.
Waltham has been called "watch city" because of its association with the watch industry. Waltham Watch Company opened its factory in Waltham in 1854 and was the first company to make watches on an assembly line. It won the gold medal in 1876 at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition. The company produced over 35 million watches, clocks and instruments before it closed in 1957.
Waltham was first settled in 1634 as part of Watertown and was officially incorporated as a separate town in 1738. Waltham had no recognizable town center until the 1830s, when the nearby Boston Manufacturing Company gave the town the land that now serves as its central square.
In the early 19th century, Francis Cabot Lowell and his friends and colleagues established in Waltham the Boston Manufacturing Company – the first integrated textile mill in the United States, with the goal of eliminating the problems of co-ordination, quality control, and shipping inherent in the subcontracting based textile industry. The Waltham–Lowell system of production derives its name from the city and the founder of the mill.
The city is home to a number of large estates, including Gore Place, a mansion built in 1806 for former Massachusetts governor Christopher Gore, the Robert Treat Paine Estate, a residence designed by architect Henry Hobson Richardson and landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted for philanthropist Robert Treat Paine, Jr. (1810–1905), and the Lyman Estate, a 400-acre (1.6 km2) estate built in 1793 by Boston merchant Theodore Lyman.
In 1857, the Waltham Model 1857 watch was produced by the American Watch Company in the city of Waltham, Massachusetts. In the late 19th and early 20th century, Waltham was home to the brass era automobile manufacturer Metz, where the first production motorcycle in the U.S. was built.
Another first in Waltham industrial history involves the method to mass-produce the magnetron tube, invented by Percy Spencer at Raytheon. During World War II, the magnetron tube technology was applied to radar. Later, magnetron tubes were used as components in microwave ovens.
Waltham was also the home of the Walter E. Fernald State School, the western hemisphere's oldest publicly funded institution serving people with developmental disabilities. The storied and controversial history of the institution has long been covered by local and, at times, national media.
The name of the city is pronounced with the primary stress on the first syllable and a full vowel in the second syllable, // WAWL-tham, though the name of the Waltham watch was pronounced with a reduced schwa in the second syllable: //. As most would pronounce in the British way, "Walthum", when people came to work in the mills from Nova Scotia, the pronunciation evolved. The "local" version became a phonetic sounding to accommodate French speakers who could not pronounce in the British way.
Waltham is located at  about 11 miles (18 km) north-west of downtown Boston, Massachusetts, and approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) northwest of Boston's Brighton neighborhood. The heart of the city is Waltham Common, which is home to the City Hall and various memorial statues. The Common is on Main Street, which is home to several churches, the town library and Post Office.(42.380596, −71.235005),
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.6 square miles (35 km2), of which 12.7 square miles (33 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (6.69%) is water.
Waltham has several neighborhoods or villages, including:
- Banks Square
- The Bleachery (named after the former Waltham Bleachery and Dye Works)
- The Chemistry (named after the former Newton Chemical Company)
- Ellison Park
- The Highlands
- The Island (formerly Morse Meadow Island)
- Kendal Green (mostly in Weston)
- Kendall Park
- The Lanes
- The North Side
- Piety Corner
- Prospectville (defunct in 1894, now under Cambridge Reservoir)
- Rangeley Acres
- Rock Alley
- The South Side
- West End
- Wildwood Acres
|* = population estimate. |
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.
As of the census in 2000, there were 59,226 people, 23,207 households, and 12,462 families in the city. The population density was 4,663.4/mile² (1,800.6/km2). There were 23,880 housing units at an average density of 1,880.3 per square mile (726.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.98% White, 4.41% African American, 0.16% Native American, 7.29% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 3.20% from other races, and 1.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.49% of the population.
There were 23,207 households, of which 20.3% included those under the age of 18, 41.3% were married couples living together, 8.9% were headed by a single mother, and 46.3% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 3.01.
The age distribution is as follows: 15.5% under 18, 16.8% from 18 to 24, 34.4% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% 65 or older. The median age was 34. For every 100 females, there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.
The median income for a household was $54,010, and the median income for a family was $64,595. These figures increased to $60,434 and $79,877, respectively, according to an estimate in 2007. Males had a median income of $42,324, as opposed to $33,931 for females. The per capita income was $26,364. 7% of the population and 3.6% of families lived below the poverty line. 4.8% of those under 18 and 8.4% of those 65 and older lived below the poverty line.
As of 2010, 24% of the residents were born outside of the United States. Many originated from Guatemala and India.
Among the companies based in Waltham are the defense contractor Raytheon, medtech corporation PerkinElmer, biopharmaceutical services provider Paraxel, energy supply company Global Partners, data services provider Lionbridge, Steel Connect, broker-dealer Commonwealth Financial Network, technology companies Care.com and StudentUniverse, research and development organization Education Development Center, Inc. (EDC), provisioner of scientific instrumentation Thermo Fisher Scientific, and the marketing firm Constant Contact. Footwear manufacturer Wolverine World Wide, Inc. moved their regional headquarters from Lexington to the CityPoint campus in July 2016. C & J Clark America, Inc. moved their headquarters from Newton to the Polaroid site in October 2016. Retail activity is concentrated on Main Street, Moody Street, Lexington Street, River Street, parts of Route 60, and the First Avenue area. New retail development has also been active at a former Polaroid site.
According to the City's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top ten non-city employers in the city are as follows.
|Rank||Employer||Nature of Business||Number of Employees|
|1||Bentley University||Higher education||1,000–4,999|
|2||Brandeis University||Higher education||1,000–4,999|
|3||Fresenius Medical Care||Pharmaceuticals||1,000–4,999|
|6||ADP Waltham||Payroll services||500–999|
|7||AM-FM Cleaning Corporation||Janitorial cleaning||500–999|
|9||Constant Contact, Inc||Software||500–999|
|10||Education Development Center||Educational software||500–999|
|11||Jfc Home Health Agency||Home health services||500–999|
|12||Multi Plan Inc||Health insurance||500–999|
Arts and culture
Waltham's combination of population (especially in central and south Waltham) parks, public transit, stores, and trails gives it 62 (out of 100) walkability ranking on walkscore.com. This is often reflected downtown and along the Charles Riverwalk, which is often crowded on summer nights by people fishing, jogging, or walking off a meal at one of the many restaurants.
Moody Street in downtown Waltham offers its own brand of entertainment with a colorful assortment of shops, restaurants, and bars, including The Gaff, Outer Limits, Gourmet Pottery, and the Embassy Cinema. Moody Street's booming nightlife, convenience to the commuter rail and lower rents have attracted younger professionals to Waltham in growing numbers in recent years. Moody Street is also referred to as "Restaurant Row" and has become a destination because of the number, variety and quality of its locally owned restaurants. The city of Waltham has a free "Tick Tock Trolley" on Thursday, Friday and Saturday evenings from 6pm - 11pm for visitors that provides easy access to local municipal parking lots.
For over 25 years, the Waltham Arts Council has sponsored "Concerts On Waltham Common", featuring a different musical act each week of the summer, free of charge to attendees. "Concerts On Waltham Common" was created and organized by Stephen Kilgore until his death in 2004.
Waltham's cultural life is enriched by the presence of two major universities and a number of arts organizations throughout the city.
The city's history is also celebrated at a number of museums, monuments, and archives. The Charles River Museum of Industry & Innovation, the Waltham Watch Factory historic district, the Gore Estate, the Lyman Estate, and the Robert Treat Payne Estate are among the most well known of the 109 sites in the city on the National Register of Historical Sites. Many festivals are held at these sites each year, such as the annual sheep shearing festival at the Gore Estate. The National Archives and Records Administration Northeast regional branch is located in Waltham. The Waltham Public Library has extensive archives regarding the city's history. The Waltham Museum is devoted solely to the history of the city. Mark Gately is the only stakeholder left of the Waltham Museum.
Waltham is known for its embracing of literary arts. Local author Jessica Lucci has written a series of books about Waltham which can be found at the Waltham Museum, The Waltham Historical Society, and many other regional establishments devoted to promoting literary arts.
The Waltham Mills Artists Association is located in one of the former factories of the Boston Manufacturing Company. The WMAA Open Studios takes place each year on the first weekend of November. The 76 artists of the WMAA open their homes and studios to the public. Works of all media imaginable are demonstrated, displayed and discussed.
The Waltham Philharmonic Orchestra, a civic symphony of the MetroWest area, began in 1985 under the direction of local musicians David J. Tierney and Harold W. McSwain, Jr. With almost 60 professional, semi-professional, and amateur musicians, the orchestra's mission is to provide the Waltham community with the opportunity to perform in and attend classical concerts of the highest quality. WPO musicians come from Waltham as well as from Boston and surrounding communities. The ensemble includes players of a wide range of ages and professions.
There are five to six concerts throughout the season, including one that features the winner of the annual Youth Concerto Competition, which provides opportunities for young musicians to perform solo works with the WPO. Annual concerts have included summer Concerts on the Common and the December Holiday Pops.
Waltham is home to the Waltham Symphony Orchestra, a high-level semi-professional civic orchestra. The 55 piece orchestra performs five concerts each season at the Kennedy Middle-school Auditorium. Its music director is French-born American conductor, Patrick Botti. Open space in the city is protected by the Waltham Land Trust.
Waltham embraces its ethnic diversity in a number of festivals. The annual Latinos en Acción Festival celebrates the many Puerto Rican, Mexican, Peruvian, and Guatemalan residents. It is held by Latinos in Action, is a local nonprofit group that helps the Latino population register to vote, understand the laws and find scholarships. The festival includes a parade, music, food, and a beauty pageant.
Waltham has in recent decades become a center for Ugandan culture, with an estimated 1500 Ugandans living in the city, leading some to call Waltham "Little Kampala". The Ugandan North America Association is headquartered in Waltham, along with St. Peters Church of Uganda Boston, as well as Karibu, a well regarded Ugandan eatery. Wilberforce Kateregga, a Ugandan immigrant to Waltham has since established Waltham College Uganda, a boarding school for over 300 orphans and children affected by AIDS. The school was named in honor of Kateregga's new home city.
Points of interest
- Gore Place
- Lyman Estate
- Robert Treat Paine Estate
- Charles River Museum of Industry & Innovation
- Prospect Hill – third-highest point in the region (after two of the Blue Hills)
- Charles River – Riverwalk on Moody St.
- Embassy Cinema
- A. Wherehouse
- Rose Art Museum
- Metropolitan State Hospital (Massachusetts)
- Norumbega Tower
- American Waltham Watch Company Historic District
Waltham is governed by a mayor and a city council. The current mayor is Jeanette A. McCarthy. There are 15 members of the city council, each elected to two-year terms in non-partisan elections. The current president of the city council is Paul J. Brasco.
The city is in Massachusetts's 5th congressional district and is currently represented in the United States House of Representatives by Katherine Clark. Waltham is also represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives by State Representative John J. Lawn and State Representative Thomas M. Stanley, and in the Massachusetts Senate by Senator Michael Barrett.
|Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of February 1, 2019|
|Party||Number of voters||Percentage|
Mayors of Waltham
- Jeannette A. McCarthy, 2004–present
- David F. Gately, 1999–2003
- William F. Stanley, 1985–1999
- Arthur Clark, 1968–1984.
- Austin D. Rhodes 1959-
- Paul V. Shaughnessy 1956-1958
- Henry A. Turner, 1953-1955
- Chauncey Cousens, 1949-1952 
- John Devane, 1942-48 
- Arthur A. Hansen 1938- 42 
- Frederick L. MacDonald 1937
- Henry W. Beal, 1922 - 1927 
- George Raynolds Beal 1917 - 1922 
- Eben J. Williams, 1915 - 1917 
- Thomas K. Keans, 1913 - 1915 
- Patrick J. Duane 1911-13 and again from 1930-33 [First Irish-born mayor of Waltham]
- Edward A. Walker, 1908-1911 
- John L. Harvey, 1904-1908 
- Murray D. Clement, 1902-1904 
- Mahlon Leonard, 1901-1902 
- George L. Mayberry 1898-1901 
- Charles Bond 1897-1898 
- Arthur Lyman 1896-1897 
- Henry Milton 1895-1896 
- Erskine Warden 1892-95 
- George L. Mayberry 1890-91
- Henry N. Fisher 1887-89
- Charles F. Stone 1886
- Byron B. Johnson (first mayor) 1884 
The Waltham Public Schools system includes seven elementary schools (Northeast, Fitzgerald, MacArthur, Plympton, Whittemore, Stanley, and the Waltham Dual Language Elementary School), two middle schools (McDevitt, Kennedy), and one senior high school (Waltham High School).
Waltham High School's sports teams had been referred to as the Watchmen and the Crimson, before they changed the name to the Hawks.
Waltham is home to:
- Bentley University
- Brandeis University
- Center for Digital Imaging Arts at Boston University which closed in 2014.
Waltham is home to the Waltham News Tribune (formerly The Daily News Tribune), a weekly paper which publishes each Thursday, year-round owned by Gatehouse Media. The Waltham Patch covers the local, daily news and invites locals to post their own blogs, events and opinion online only. In 2018, Waltham writer Jessica Lucci was chosen as the "Mayor" of Waltham Patch. WCAC-TV is the cable access and provides opportunities for community members to learn how to create their own local-interest television programming. Waltham news sometimes appears in The Boston Globe's GlobeWest section, as well.
Waltham was formerly the home of classical radio station WCRB (99.5 FM), which relocated to the WGBH studios in Brighton in 2006. Brandeis University runs a low-power station, WBRS (100.1 FM), which is on the air part-time and usually not available between midnight and 8 AM.
Waltham is close to several U.S. interstate highways. Interstate 95, which is also Route 128, runs through the western part of the city. Exits in Waltham are 26, 27, and 28. Interstate 90, which is also the Massachusetts Turnpike, is just to the south in Newton, Massachusetts. Due to its proximity to the center of the Cambridge-Boston-Quincy metropolitan area, a number of state highways are within a few miles.
MBTA bus service also covers the city, including routes 61, 70, 170, 505, 553, 554, 556 and 558.
The Charles River runs through Waltham, and bike and walking paths cover most of the south bank, as well as part of the north bank from Prospect Street to Moody Street. Some commuters ride the path to offices in Cambridge and Boston.
The city of Waltham is protected by the 166 full-time, paid firefighters of the city of Waltham Fire Department (WFD). Established in 1816, the Waltham Fire Department is currently organized into three divisions of operations: fire suppression, fire prevention, and training.
Emergency Medical Services
Cataldo Ambulance Service currently provides 24/7 Advanced Life Support emergency medical services to the City of Waltham.
- Luther Atwood - chemist in the oil industry
- Keith Aucoin – hockey forward for New York Islanders
- F. Lee Bailey – lawyer
- Nathaniel Prentice Banks – Union General in the Civil War, 24th Governor of Massachusetts, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
- Anya Battaglino - professional hockey player in the National Women's Hockey League (NWHL)
- Mackenzy Bernadeau – guard for NFL's Dallas Cowboys
- Suzanne Brockmann – author
- Nellie Marie Burns (ca. 1850 – 1897), actor and poet
- Annie Payson Call – author
- Rob Chiarelli, multiple Grammy Award winner
- JP Dellacamera – play-by-play commentator of Major League Soccer for ABC and ESPN
- Ryan Gallant – professional skateboarder
- James N. Hallock – scientist, known for his work on the Columbia Accident Investigation Board
- John Peabody Harrington – ethnologist and linguist
- Lorenza Haynes (1820–1899), librarian, minister, school founder, suffragist, writer
- Clarence Hobart - six-time national doubles champion in tennis; born in Waltham
- Abbie Hoffman – born in Worcester, MA; author, radical political activist, founder of the Youth International Party
- C. D. Howe – WWII and postwar Canadian politician; Waltham native
- Gail Huff – television reporter for WCVB-TV, wife of Scott Brown, former U.S. Senator from Massachusetts
- Deena (Drossin) Kastor – Olympic bronze-medal-winning marathon runner
- John Leary – Major League Baseball first baseman and catcher for the St. Louis Browns
- Jeff Lazaro – former Boston Bruins forward
- Samuel Livermore - United States Senator from New Hampshire
- Mel Lyman – musician, filmmaker, writer and founder of the Fort Hill Community
- John Lynch – Governor of New Hampshire
- Shawn McEachern – Boston Bruins forward
- Paul Moody – Inventor, developer of cotton loom; namesake of Moody St. in downtown Waltham
- Angelo Mosca – former Canadian Football League player and professional wrestler
- Richard Thomas Nolan – Episcopal Church Canon, writer, philosophy and religion professor, LGBT advocate
- Dave Pino – member of the band Powerman 5000
- Ida Annah Ryan – first woman to earn a master's degree in architecture (from M.I.T.)
- Evelyn Sears – U.S. Open tennis champion
- Fred Smerlas – NFL defensive lineman with Buffalo Bills, San Francisco 49ers, and New England Patriots
- Sockington – leader of Socks Army, first feline to surpass 500,000 Twitter followers
- Caroll Spinney – puppeteer; performed the roles of Big Bird and Oscar the Grouch on Sesame Street.
- Mary Watson Whitney -astronomer, Vassar professor of astronomy, Vassar observatory director
- Chris Wilson - guitarist for the Flaming Groovies and The Barracudas
- Gordon S. Wood – recipient of the 1993 Pulitzer Prize for History
- Franz Wright – Pulitzer Prize–winning poet
- Paramahansa Yogananda - author of Autobiography of a Yogi built his first ashram in America here
- Greater Boston
- Mayor-council government
- New Covenant Church of Cambridge
- List of mill towns in Massachusetts
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 3 July 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
- "Brief History: American Waltham Watch Company". Renaissance Watch Repair. Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
- "Massachusetts City and Town Incorporation and Settlement Dates". Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved 2009-05-06.
- "NRHP nomination for Central Square Historic District". Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved 2014-04-24.[permanent dead link]
- "WALTHAM – Truly a Unique and Historical City". Waltham Museum. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012. Retrieved July 28, 2012.
- Britannica 1910.
- Barry 1887.
- Robert F. Dalzell Jr. (1987). Enterprising elite: the Boston Associates and the world they made. Harvard University Press. ISBN 0674257650. OL 2738875M.
- Davies Project. "American Libraries before 1876". Princeton University. Archived from the original on March 2, 2015. Retrieved September 28, 2012.
- "Gleason's Pictorial". Boston, Mass. : F. Gleason. 1853.
- Massachusetts Register. 1856.
- Rumford Institute Records, 1826-1887. OCLC WorldCat. OCLC 70970284.
- "US Newspaper Directory". Chronicling America. Washington DC: Library of Congress. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved September 28, 2012.
- Greenough 1882.
- Charles Brooks (1852). "The tornado of 1851, in Medford, West Cambridge and Waltham, Middlesex County, Mass". Boston: J. M. Usher. OCLC 1835870. OL 6941638M. Cite journal requires
- Eaton 1906.
- Henry Varnum Poor (1860). "History of the railroads and canals of the United States". New York: J.H. Schultz. OCLC 11435390. OL 13555505M. Cite journal requires
- "Waltham Horological School". Jewelers Review. April 12, 1899.
- International Pub. Co. 1887.
- Illustrated Boston 1889.
- "Obituary: Zenas Parmenter". American Stationer. July 1891.
- Sesqui-Centennial 1888.
- "asylumprojects.org". Archived from the original on 2013-09-05. Retrieved 2017-09-02.
- Waltham Museum Inc. "Charles H. Metz and the Waltham Manufacturing Collection: Finding Aid and Inventory" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-03-07. Retrieved 2017-09-02.
- "List of Historical Societies in Massachusetts". Old-Time New England. July 1921.
- "Gore Place". Archived from the original on July 17, 2012. Retrieved September 28, 2012.
- "History". Waltham: Hovey Players. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
- "Member Directory". Eastern Massachusetts Association of Community Theatres. Archived from the original on October 30, 2013. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
- "Waltham Garden Club". Archived from the original on June 8, 2012. Retrieved September 28, 2012.
- "Waltham Museum Inc". Archived from the original on October 2, 2012. Retrieved September 28, 2012.
- Boston Globe - Oct 30, 1996
- "Waltham Philharmonic Orchestra". Archived from the original on December 17, 2012. Retrieved September 28, 2012.
- Waltham City Directory, 1987–1988, p. 130,
Global Petroleum Corp.
- "City of Waltham". Archived from the original on January 1998 – via Internet Archive, Wayback Machine.
- "Waltham Relaunches Official Web Site", Daily News Tribune, June 2, 2002
- "Waltham Land Trust". Archived from the original on January 5, 2012. Retrieved September 28, 2012.
- "Meet the Mayors". Washington, DC: United States Conference of Mayors. Archived from the original on June 27, 2008. Retrieved March 30, 2013.
- "Massachusetts". CJR's Guide to Online News Startups. New York: Columbia Journalism Review. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- "Slain Boston Bomb Suspect Tamerlan Tsarnaev Eyed in Jewish Triple Murder". Forward. September 12, 2011. Archived from the original on April 22, 2013. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
- "Watch City Festival". Archived from the original on April 28, 2011. Retrieved September 28, 2012.
- "Waltham, Massachusetts pronunciation guide". Waltham Community Guide. Archived from the original on 13 November 1999. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Guide to Waltham Neighborhoods". Waltham-community.org. September 1, 2010. Archived from the original on April 16, 2013. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
- "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-7 through 21-09, Massachusetts Table 4. Population of Urban Places of 10,000 or more from Earliest Census to 1920. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2011. Cite journal requires
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Waltham city, Massachusetts – Fact Sheet – American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on February 10, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
- Sacchetti, Maria. "A melting pot stretches out to the suburbs." Boston Globe. September 15, 2010. p. 1 (Archive). Retrieved on September 23, 2014.
- SGB Media (Jul 21, 2016). "Wolverine World Wide Opens New Waltham, MA Headquarters | SGB Online". sgbonline.com. Archived from the original on 2017-08-22. Retrieved 2017-08-22.
- Grillo, Thomas (Aug 5, 2014). "Bizjournals.com/boston/real_estate/2014/08/wolverine-worldwide-inks-deal-with-boston.html". Bizjournals.com. Archived from the original on 2017-08-22. Retrieved 2017-08-22.
- Peters, Samantha (October 26, 2016). "Clarks America Headquarters Opens in Waltham". Boston Magazine. Archived from the original on August 22, 2017. Retrieved 2017-08-22.
- Jaclyn Reiss (2013-10-03). "Construction resumes at former Polaroid site but not on Market Basket supermarket". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2015-11-16.
- "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report" (PDF). City of Waltham. 2018. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 10, 2019. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 25, 2010. Retrieved 2016-01-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- "Foodies on Moody: Landmark Boston's Guide to Restaurant Row". Waltham Landing. 2015-10-27. Archived from the original on 2017-08-22. Retrieved 2017-08-22.
- Jasnoff, Brittany (March 2015). "Time to Eat in Watch City: Where to Eat in Waltham". Boston Magazine. Archived from the original on 2017-08-22. Retrieved 2017-08-22.
- "Take a ride on Waltham's FREE Tick Tock Trolley downtown parking lot loop! | Waltham". City.waltham.ma.us. 2017-07-03. Archived from the original on 2017-08-22. Retrieved 2017-08-22.
- "Home". Walthamarts.org. Archived from the original on 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2015-11-16.
- "About Us". Rose Art Museum. Brandeis University. Retrieved 6 November 2020.
- www.wphil.org Retrieved 2010/04/06 Archived March 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- walthamsymphony Retrieved 2010/04/06 Archived December 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "Welcome — Waltham Land Trust". Walthamlandtrust.org. Archived from the original on 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2015-11-16.
- Burge, Kathleen (2009-08-20). "Little Kampala". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on 2012-06-30.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-01-11. Retrieved 2010-04-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Retrieved 2010/04/06
- "City Council | Waltham MA". City.waltham.ma.us. Archived from the original on May 29, 2016.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-07. Retrieved 2010-04-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Retrieved 2010/04/06
- "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of February 1, 2019" (PDF). Massachusetts Elections Division. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
- "Biography of Mayor Jeannette A. McCarthy". City of Waltham. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
- "William F. Stanley, Former Waltham Mayor, Dies at 76". Waltham, MA Patch. April 10, 2014. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
- Stuart E. Weisberg (2009). Barney Frank: The Story of America's Only Left-handed, Gay, Jewish Congressman. Univ of Massachusetts Press. pp. 202–. ISBN 978-1-55849-721-4.
- "The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Turner, G to I". politicalgraveyard.com. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
- "Waltham, Massachusetts city directory". R.L. Polk. April 10, 1950 – via Internet Archive.
- "Waltham, Massachusetts city directory". R.L. Polk. April 10, 1943 – via Internet Archive.
- "Waltham, Massachusetts city directory". R.L. Polk. April 10, 1941 – via Internet Archive.
- Association (U.S.), City Managers' (April 10, 1927). "Yearbook". The Association – via Google Books.
- ), Waltham (Mass (April 10, 1919). "Inaugural Address of ... Mayor ... with the Annual Reports of the Several Departments ... and Roster of the City Government ..." – via Google Books.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- ), Waltham (Mass (April 10, 1917). "Inaugural Address of ... Mayor ... with the Annual Reports of the Several Departments ... and Roster of the City Government ..." – via Google Books.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- ), Waltham (Mass (April 10, 1915). "Inaugural Address of ... Mayor ... with the Annual Reports of the Several Departments ... and Roster of the City Government ..." – via Google Books.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- S, Waltham Historical (March 15, 2015). "1st Irish-born Mayor of #Waltham, Patrick J. Duane.(1862-1949)pic.twitter.com/HcTKky5QSV".
- "Charter and Revised Ordinances of the City of Waltham, 1894 ..." El. Barry. April 10, 1909 – via Google Books.
- "History of Waltham". waltham-community.com.
- "School Committee". City.waltham.ma.us. 2011-06-15. Archived from the original on 2011-10-30. Retrieved 2015-11-16.
- "Our Lady's Academy". www.ourladysacademy.org.
- "Saint Jude School, Waltham, MA". saintjudewaltham.com.
- "Waltham, MA Patch - Breaking News, Local News, Events, Schools, Weather, Sports and Shopping". Waltham, MA Patch. Archived from the original on 4 April 2018. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
- "Fire Department | Waltham". City.waltham.ma.us. 2012-01-13. Archived from the original on 2015-12-15. Retrieved 2015-11-16.
- "Legends of Hockey: Keith Aucoin", Hockey Hall of Fame, archived from the original on 2011-10-15, retrieved 2012-01-24
- F. Lee Bailey Biography, archived from the original on 2012-02-10, retrieved 2012-01-24
- Vital Records of Waltham, Massachusetts, to the year 1850, Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1904, p. 12, retrieved 2012-01-24
- "Mackenzy Bernadeau, Carolina Panthers, NFL Football", CBSSports.com, archived from the original on 2012-02-09, retrieved 2012-01-24
- Kiritsy, Laura (November 12, 2007). "Author donates book profits to MassEquality". EDGE Boston. Archived from the original on March 28, 2012. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
- Green, Alex (2009-07-22), "Waltham Words: a Ladies Home Journal columnist from Watch City", The Boston Globe, archived from the original on 2014-06-30, retrieved 2012-01-24
- Dell'Apa, Frank (2011-03-15), "Coverage has local flavor", The Boston Globe, retrieved 2012-01-24[permanent dead link]
- "Ryan Gallant", ProSkaterBase.com, archived from the original on 2014-06-29, retrieved 2012-01-24
- "Principal Technical Advisor Dr. James N. Hallock", Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, archived from the original on 2008-09-16, retrieved 2012-01-24
- Callaghan, Catherine A. (1977), "Book Review: John Peabody Harrington: The Man and his California Indian Fieldnotes", Journal of San Diego History, 23 (2), archived from the original on 2014-06-29, retrieved 2012-01-25
- Raskin, Jonah (1998), For the Hell of It: The Life and Times of Abbie Hoffman, University of California Press, ISBN 978-0-520-21379-1, archived from the original on 2013-05-18, retrieved 2012-01-26
- "C.D. Howe", Juno Beach Centre, archived from the original on 2012-01-19, retrieved 2012-01-26
- "Gail Huff", thebostonchannel.com, WCVB-TV, archived from the original on January 27, 2010, retrieved January 21, 2010
- "Deena Kastor", usatf.org, USA Track & Field, archived from the original on 2012-02-11, retrieved 2012-01-26
- John Leary, John Leary Statistics and History, archived from the original on 2012-11-10, retrieved 2012-09-24
- Souza, Scott (2011-06-17), "Former Bruin Jeff Lazaro cheers on Stanley Cup champions", Waltham News Tribune / Wicked Local Waltham, GateHouse Media, archived from the original on 2012-09-19, retrieved 2012-01-26
- The Lyman Family's Holy Siege
- "About Governor Lynch". Governor.nh.gov. Archived from the original on 2012-11-19. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
- "Shawn McEachern Los Angeles Kings - 2011-2012 Stats", NHL.com, archived from the original on 2014-09-08, retrieved 2012-01-26
- Moody, Charles C.P. (1847), Biographical sketches of the Moody family, Boston: S. G. Drake, p. 145, retrieved 2012-01-26
- McRae, Earl (1978-01-07), "Alias King Kong – The Twilight Years of Angelo Mosca", Toronto Star, archived from the original on 2012-05-10, retrieved 2012-01-26
- Gilbride, Jeff (April 27, 2009). "Waltham native, former priest, to marry his life partner of 50 years". The Daily News Tribune. Retrieved November 8, 2010.
- Myerov, Joshua (August 5, 2003). "Retired priest calls move historic: Waltham native says the church never challenged him about his homosexuality". The Dedham Transcript. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved November 8, 2010.
- Carioli, Carly (2006-12-10), "Dave Pino: back on the road", Boston Phoenix, archived from the original on 2012-10-13, retrieved 2012-01-26
- Mannon, Melissa (1998), Waltham, Arcadia Publishing, p. 55, ISBN 9780738564821, retrieved 2012-01-26
- "Wimbledon winner, Petra Kvitova's left handed shots overpower Sharpova", BudCollinsTennis.com, July 2, 2011, archived from the original on August 5, 2011, retrieved 2012-01-29
- Zimmerman, Paul (November 14, 1988), "A Wild And Crazy Guy", Sports Illustrated, archived from the original on February 21, 2012, retrieved 2012-01-29
- "Twitter followers paw over feline". TODAY. Archived from the original on 2009-07-09. Retrieved 2009-08-18.
- Lord, Jennifer (November 3, 2004), "How to get to Sesame Street: Meet Big Bird, Waltham's Caroll Spinney, at event honoring television's fine-feathered friend", Dedham Transcript, archived from the original on May 16, 2013, retrieved 2012-01-29
- "In the Footsteps of Paramahansa Yogananda" (PDF). bostonmeditationgroup.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-09-14. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
- Bergeron, Chris (July 29, 2011), "Waltham Pulitzer winner Wright pens new book of poetry", The MetroWest Daily News, retrieved 2012-01-29
- "In the Footsteps of Paramahansa Yogananda" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-09-14.
- Published in the 19th century
- 1871 Atlas of Massachusetts. by Wall & Gray.Map of Massachusetts. Map of Middlesex County.
- Charles Alexander Nelson (1879). "Waltham, past and present; and its industries". Cambridge: J. Ford & Son, printers. OL 23358027M. Cite journal requires
- History of Middlesex County, Massachusetts, Volume 1 (A-H), Volume 2 (L-W) compiled by Samuel Adams Drake, published 1879 and 1880. 572 and 505 pages. Waltham article by Alexander Starbuck in volume 2 pages 407–433.
- Directory of ... Waltham and Watertown. W.A. Greenough & Co. 1882.
- Ephraim L. Barry (1887). "City of Waltham, Massachusetts". Waltham Board of Trade. OL 23288685M. Cite journal requires
- "City of Waltham". Leading Manufacturers and Merchants of Eastern Massachusetts. New York: International Pub. Co. 1887. OCLC 12950135.
- Proceedings at the Celebration of the Sesqui-Centennial of the Town of Waltham, held in Music Hall, on Monday, January 16th, 1888.
- "City of Waltham". Illustrated Boston: the Metropolis of New England (2nd ed.). New York: American Publishing and Engraving Co. 1889.
- D. Hamilton Hurd, ed. (1890). "Chapters XLV-LII: Waltham". History of Middlesex County, Massachusetts. III. J. W. Lewis & Co. pp. 700–759.
- Daniel P. Toomey (1892). "Waltham". Massachusetts of Today. Boston: Columbia Publishing Company.
- "Waltham". Anthony's standard business directory and reference book of Woburn, Winchester, Arlington, Lexington, Belmont, Watertown, Waltham, Newton, Massachusetts. Anthony Publishing Co. 1898.
- Published in the 20th century
- Percival R. Eaton (May 1906). "Works of the Watch City". New England Magazine.
- "Waltham", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910, OCLC 14782424 – via Internet Archive
- Federal Writers' Project (1937), "Waltham", Massachusetts: a Guide to its Places and People, American Guide Series, Cambridge: Riverside Press
- Other sources
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Waltham, Massachusetts.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Waltham.|
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|