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|Industry||Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Systems|
|Headquarters||Commercial: Charlotte, North Carolina, United States
Residential: Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
Number of employees
Carrier is a brand of United Technologies Corporation Building & Industrial Systems, based in Farmington, Connecticut. Carrier was founded in 1915 as an independent, American company, manufacturing and distributing heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, as well as commercial refrigeration and food service equipment. About 2012, it was a $12.5 billion company with over 43,000 employees serving customers in 170 countries on six continents.
Carrier was acquired by United Technologies in 1979.
Willis Carrier is credited with inventing modern air conditioning in 1902. In 1915 Carrier, along with six other engineers, pooled together $32,600 to form the Carrier Engineering Corporation. In 1920 they purchased their first plant in Newark, New Jersey.
The corporation bearing his name succeeded in marketing its air conditioner to the residential market in the 1950s, which led to formerly sparsely populated areas such as the American Southwest becoming home to sprawling suburbs. Carrier is the largest air conditioning producer in the world. It has U.S. manufacturing facilities in Indianapolis, Indiana for residential and commercial furnaces and air handlers (closing 2017-2019 and relocating to Monterrey, Mexico), Collierville, Tennessee for residential condensing units and heat pumps, Tyler, Texas for residential package units and commercial condensing and package units, Monterrey, Mexico for evaporator coils, and Charlotte, North Carolina for accessories and chillers.
In 1955 Carrier merged with Affiliated Gas Equipment, Inc., which owned the Bryant Heater Co., Day & Night Water Heater Co., and Payne Furnace & Supply Co.
International Comfort Products (ICP), headquartered in Lewisburg, Tennessee, was acquired by Carrier in 1999. In the 1990s Carrier stopped using the "Day & Night" brand (which was the "D" in the BDP division, or Bryant-Day & Night-Payne) but it was revived in 2006 by ICP.
Carrier also owns Transicold ("reefer" transport refrigeration).
In early 2008, Carrier acquired Environmental Market Solutions, Inc. (EMSI), an environmental and green building consulting company based in the United States. The company has received Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification from the US Green Building Council for its factories in Charlotte, NC and Huntington, IN (2009), Shanghai, China (2010), and Monterrey, Mexico (2011).
In February 2016, Carrier announced it would be closing its Indianapolis manufacturing plant and relocating production to Monterrey, Mexico. HVAC Systems and Services North America president Chris Nelson stated "This move is intended to address the challenges we continue to face in a rapidly changing HVAC industry, with the continued migration of the HVAC industry to Mexico, including our suppliers and competitors, and ongoing cost and pricing pressures driven, in part, by new regulatory requirements, relocating our operations to a region where we have existing infrastructure and a strong supplier base will allow us to operate more cost effectively so that we can continue to produce high-quality HVAC products that are competitively positioned while continuing to meet customer needs." There has been no elaboration or explanation as to what the "regulatory requirements" are that prompted the move and layoff. When the announcement was read out loud, some workers expressed reactions of anger and disbelief. The Carrier spokesman reassured the crowd that there would be no immediate impact on jobs. He added that the re-location would take place over a three-year period, and no jobs would be impacted until mid-2017, with the entire move to be completed by the end of 2019. He also stated that the move was strictly a business decision that had no bearing whatsoever on the quality of the work taking place in the Indiana plant.
In fact, U.S. Senator Joe Donnelly noted that he had personally questioned Carrier chief Chris Nelson as to what, if any, regulatory issues had caused the move. Nelson was unable to cite any such regulations. Donnelly speculated that the only discrepancy he could see was the difference in pay scales between Mexican and US-based workers.
Carrier Air Conditioning Australia
Syracuse, New York campus
Willis Carrier moved his facilities from New Jersey to Syracuse, New York in the 1930s. During the late 20th century, when it was acquired by UTC, it was Central New York State's largest manufacturer. Due to increasing labor and union costs in the Central New York area, Carrier has substantially downsized its presence in Syracuse, with manufacturing work being moved to a variety of domestic and international locations. Meanwhile, managerial employees were relocated closer to UTC's Connecticut corporate headquarters which represented a challenge to the local economy. Over the course of 2011 the majority of the manufacturing buildings of the Syracuse campus were demolished at a cost of nearly 14 million dollars. Despite the loss of manufacturing jobs, the suburban Syracuse Campus, in DeWitt, New York, remained the primary engineering and design center for all Carrier products with over 1,000 employees and contractors on site.
Carrier purchased the naming rights to the Carrier Dome, the football and basketball arena at Syracuse University. Despite being named for an air conditioner manufacturer, the Carrier Dome is not air conditioned.
Carrier markets the brand names Weathermaster commercial units, Centurion rooftop units, and Aquazone water- and ground-source heat pumps, as well as the Infinity, Performance, and Comfort Series for residential applications.
- International Comfort Products (Arcoaire, Comfortmaker, Day & Night, Heil, KeepRite, and Tempstar)
- Linde Refrigeration
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