Carrier Corporation

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Carrier Corporation
Industry Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Systems
Founded 1915
Founder Willis Carrier
Headquarters Commercial: Charlotte, North Carolina, United States[1]
Residential: Indianapolis, Indiana, United States[2]
Number of employees
Approximately 45,000
Parent United Technologies
Website carrier.com

Carrier is a brand of United Technologies Corporation Building & Industrial Systems, based in Farmington, Connecticut. Carrier was founded in 1915 as an independent, American company, manufacturing and distributing heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, as well as commercial refrigeration and food service equipment. As of 2012, it was a $12.5 billion company with over 43,000 employees serving customers in 170 countries on six continents.[3][4]

Carrier was acquired by United Technologies in 1979.

History[edit]

Willis Carrier is credited with inventing modern air conditioning in 1902. In 1915, Carrier and six other engineers pooled $32,600 to form the Carrier Engineering Corporation.[5] They purchased their first factory in 1920, in Newark, New Jersey.

The corporation bearing his name marketed its air conditioner to the residential market in the 1950s, which led to formerly sparsely populated areas such as the American Southwest becoming home to sprawling suburbs.

In 1955, Carrier merged with Affiliated Gas Equipment, Inc., which owned the Bryant Heater Co., Day & Night Water Heater Co., and Payne Furnace & Supply Co.[6]

A Carrier commercial service van in Montreal, Canada in August 2008.

Carrier Corporation was acquired by United Technologies Corporation (UTC) in July 1979.[7] Prior to the acquisition by UTC, Carrier Corporation was known as the Carrier Air Conditioning Company.

International Comfort Products (ICP), headquartered in Lewisburg, Tennessee, was acquired by Carrier in 1999. In the 1990s Carrier stopped using the "Day & Night" brand (which was the "D" in the BDP division, or Bryant-Day & Night-Payne) but it was revived in 2006 by ICP.

In 2001 Carrier was the "world's largest manufacturer of air-conditioning, heating, and refrigerator equipment" with a "total employment of 42,600" and a revenue of $8.9 billion. Carrier announced that it would be closing its DeWitt (Onondaga Co) plant. This led to the layoff of 1000 employees.[8]:269

In early 2008, Carrier acquired Environmental Market Solutions, Inc. (EMSI), an environmental and green building consulting company based in the United States. The company has received Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification from the US Green Building Council for its factories in Charlotte, NC and Huntington, IN (2009), Shanghai, China (2010), and Monterrey, Mexico (2011).[9]

In September 2013, Carrier, Otis, and United Technologies Fire and Security were combined into one subsidiary.

In January 2016, Carrier announced it would lay off an unspecified number of employees at its research and development division in the town of DeWitt, New York.[10][11]

In February 2016, Carrier announced it would close its Indianapolis factory and move production to Monterrey, Mexico. HVAC Systems and Services North America president Chris Nelson cited "ongoing cost and pricing pressures" and Carrier's "existing infrastructure and a strong supplier base" in Mexico, saying that the move would allow the company "to operate more cost effectively."[12][13] The Carrier spokesman told the crowd that there would be no immediate impact on jobs, that the move would take place over three years, and no jobs would be affected until mid-2017, with the move to be completed by the end of 2019. He also said that the move was a business decision that did not reflect the quality of the work taking place in the Indiana factory.[14] U.S. Senator Joe Donnelly noted that he had personally questioned Carrier chief Chris Nelson as to what, if any, regulatory issues had caused the move. Nelson was unable to cite any such regulations. Donnelly speculated that the only discrepancy he could see was the difference in pay scales between Mexican and US-based workers.[15]

Over the November 2016 Thanksgiving holiday weekend, President Elect Donald Trump tweeted that he was in talks with Carrier Management to keep the factory in Indiana and not move to Mexico. [16]

Syracuse, New York campus[edit]

Willis Carrier moved his facilities from New Jersey to Syracuse, New York in the 1930s. During the late 20th century, when it was acquired by UTC, it was Central New York State's largest manufacturer. Due to increasing labor and union costs in the Central New York area, Carrier has substantially downsized its presence in Syracuse, with manufacturing work being moved to a variety of domestic and international locations. Meanwhile, managerial employees were moved closer to UTC's Connecticut corporate headquarters which represented a challenge to the local economy. Over the course of 2011 the majority of the manufacturing buildings of the Syracuse campus were demolished at a cost of nearly $14 million. Despite the loss of manufacturing jobs, the suburban Syracuse Campus, in DeWitt, New York, remained the primary engineering and design center for Carrier products, with over 1,000 employees and contractors on site.[17]

In 1980, Carrier was allowed to name the Carrier Dome, the football and basketball arena at Syracuse University, after Mel Holm, the company's then-CEO chair of the university's Board of Trustees, gave the university $2.75 million toward the facility's construction. Despite being named for an air conditioner manufacturer, the Carrier Dome is not air conditioned.

Brands[edit]

Carrier markets the brand names Weathermaster commercial units, Centurion rooftop units, and Aquazone water- and ground-source heat pumps, as well as the Infinity, Performance, and Comfort Series for residential applications.

  • Carrier
  • Bryant
  • Payne
  • International Comfort Products (Arcoaire, Comfortmaker, Day & Night, Heil, KeepRite, and Tempstar)
  • Linde Refrigeration
  • Noresco
  • Totaline

Carrier also owns Carrier Transicold, a manufacturer of transport refrigeration systems nicknamed "reefers".[18]

Operations[edit]

It has U.S. manufacturing facilities in Indianapolis, Indiana, for residential and commercial furnaces and air handlers; Collierville, Tennessee, for residential condensing units and heat pumps; Tyler, Texas, for residential package units and commercial condensing and package units; Monterrey, Mexico for evaporator coils; and Charlotte, North Carolina, for accessories and chillers.

Carrier Air Conditioning's head office in Australia is in Dingley Village, near Melbourne.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Carrier". 
  2. ^ "Citing Industry Dynamics, Carrier to Gradually Move Indianapolis Plant to Mexico". Contracting Business: HVACR Distribution Business. February 11, 2016. Retrieved December 2, 2016. 
  3. ^ "About Carrier". Corp.carrier.com. Retrieved February 16, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Carrier UK | Air Conditioning - About Carrier". Carrieraircon.co.uk. Retrieved February 16, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Carrier Corporation: Interactive Timeline". Carrier Corporation. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  6. ^ "Merger Vote Set By Carrier Corp.". New York Times. 1955-01-29. 
  7. ^ "U.T.C. and Carrier Reach Agreement". New York Times. 1979-03-31. 
  8. ^ Eisenstadt, Peter R.; Moss, Laura-Eve (eds.). "Carrier Corporation - Carrier Dome". The Encyclopedia of New York State. Syracuse University Press. ISBN 0-8156-0808-X. 
  9. ^ "Carrier Corp.'s Mexico Factory First HVAC Factory in the World to Receive LEED Gold Certification". Carrier Corp. Retrieved 9 August 2015. 
  10. ^ "Carrier announces layoffs in DeWitt". Pressconnects.com. 2016-01-22. Retrieved 2016-02-18. 
  11. ^ "Carrier Corp. cutting jobs in DeWitt". Syracuse.com. Retrieved 2016-02-18. 
  12. ^ "Thousands to be laid off as 2 Indiana companies announce move to Mexico | Fox News Latino". Latino.foxnews.com. Retrieved 2016-02-18. 
  13. ^ "Carrier in Indy, UTEC in Huntington to move units to Mexico, costing 2,100 jobs". Indystar.com. 2016-02-12. Retrieved 2016-02-18. 
  14. ^ "Mediatakeout - 1400 Indiana Jobs . . . To MEXICO!!". Facebook. 2016-02-12. Retrieved 2016-02-18. 
  15. ^ "Officials point fingers on Carrier, UTEC layoffs | 2016-02-12 | Indianapolis Business Journal". IBJ.com. 2016-02-12. Retrieved 2016-02-18. 
  16. ^ "Trump lobbies Carrier to keep Indiana plant open". Usatoday.com. Retrieved 2016-11-24. 
  17. ^ "Carrier's Dewitt campus has been transformed to development hub". The Post-Standard. 2012-05-21. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  18. ^ "Carrier Transicold Improves Warranty on Reefer Units". truckinginfo.com. 2014-10-22. Retrieved 2016-12-06. 

External links[edit]