Carry the bat
The term is mainly used when the innings closes after all 10 wickets have fallen; that is, the other 10 players in the team have all been dismissed ("out"). It may also be used in situations where one or more of these players retire out or are unable to bat through injury or illness, and the remaining players are all dismissed normally. It is not used, however, in any other situation where the innings closes before all 10 wickets have fallen, such as when it is declared closed, or when the team successfully chases a set run target to win the match.
Origin of the phrase
The term "carrying one's bat" dates back to the very early days of cricket. Initially it referred to any not out batsman, but by the 20th century the term was used exclusively to refer to opening batsmen. The expression comes from a time when the team used to share bats so the outgoing batsman would leave the bat on the crease for the next batsman to use. Therefore, if an opening batsman were to survive the entire innings, he would literally be "carrying the bat" back to the pavilion.
Occurrences in international cricket
Carrying one's bat is a relatively rare occurrence in international cricket.
In more than 2,000 Test matches, a batsman has carried his bat only 51 times. The first to do so was South African Bernard Tancred in March 1889, against England at Newlands in Cape Town, hitting 26 not out (off 91 balls) as his team were bowled out for 47 in their first innings. The most recent player to achieve the feat is Kraigg Brathwaite, who scored 142 not out against Pakistan at the Sharjah Cricket Stadium on 1 November 2016. New Zealander Glenn Turner holds the highest score with 223 not out in his team's first innings of 386 against the West Indies at Sabina Park, Kingston in February 1972, while West Indian Desmond Haynes is the only man to have carried his bat through three Test innings.
In more than 3,000 One Day Internationals, the feat has been achieved only 10 times, all by different batsmen. Zimbabwean Grant Flower was the first, hitting 84 not out (off 143 balls) in his team's 205 against England at the Sydney Cricket Ground on 15 December 1994, while New Zealander Tom Latham is the most recent, scoring 79 not out (off 98 balls) in his team's 190 against India at Dharamsala on 16 October 2016.
In Twenty20 Internationals, West Indian Chris Gayle carried his bat during his team's defeat against Sri Lanka in the ICC World Twenty20 semi-final at The Oval on 19 June 2009, hitting 63 not out (off 50 balls) in an innings of 101.
Occurrences in other first-class cricket
In first-class cricket, the record for the highest total where an opener was set in 1899. International opener Bobby Abel carried his bat through Surrey's innings of 811 against Somerset at The Oval. His contribution alone was 357 not out. This was not broken until Samit Gohel playing for Gujarat made 359 not out in the quarter-finals of the 2016–17 Ranji Trophy in December 2016.
Batsmen have also carried their bats twice in the same match (i.e. through both of his team's innings) but this has only occurred on 6 occasions. A further 4 batsman have carried the bat in one innings and been last out in the other. None of these instances was in a Test match, but West Indian Desmond Haynes was last out in both innings in a Test, the only such instance in first-class cricket.
The only cricketer ever to bowl a hat-trick and carry his bat in the same match was the Australian Frank Tarrant, playing for Middlesex against Gloucestershire on 26 August 1909. Tarrant hit 55 not out in his team's first innings of 145 and then dismissed Jack Board, Wilfred Brownlee and Thomas Langdon in consecutive deliveries in Gloucestershire's second innings.
- Lynch, Steven (9 December 2008). "One-day ducks, and carrying the bat". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 19 July 2009.
- Rundell, Michael (2006). Wisden Dictionary of Cricket. A & C Black Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-7136-7915-8.
- "Scorecard: South Africa vs England, 2nd Test, March 1889". CricketArchive. Retrieved 19 July 2009.
- "Test match batting records: Carrying bat through a completed innings". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 8 June 2013.
- "Sri Lanka thrash Windies in semis". BBC Sport. 19 June 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2013.
- Lynch, Steven (9 September 2008). "Carrying the bat, and the 11-ball over". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 19 July 2009.
- "Samit Gohel's 359* shatters 117-year record". ESPN Cricinfo. 27 December 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
- "Scorecard: Gloucestershire v Middlesex, 1909". CricketArchive. Retrieved 10 October 2014. (subscription required (. ))