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The Oval Pavilion
|Location||Kennington, London, England|
|Owner||Duchy of Cornwall|
|Operator||Surrey County Cricket Club|
|Tenants||Surrey County Cricket Club|
|First Test||6–8 September 1880: England v Australia|
|Last Test||20–23 August 2015: England v Australia|
|First ODI||7 September 1973: England v West Indies|
|Last ODI||29 June 2016: England v Sri Lanka|
|First T20I||28 June 2007: England v West Indies|
|Last T20I||20 May 2014: England v Sri Lanka|
|As of 29 June 2016
The Oval, currently known for sponsorship reasons as the Kia Oval, is an international cricket ground in Kennington, in the London Borough of Lambeth, South London. The Oval has been the home ground of Surrey County Cricket Club since it was opened in 1845. It was the first ground in England to host international Test cricket in September 1880. The final Test match of the English season is traditionally played there.
In addition to cricket, The Oval has hosted a number of other historically significant sporting events. In 1870, it staged England's first international football match, versus Scotland. It hosted the first FA Cup final in 1872, as well as those between 1874 and 1892. In 1876, it held both the England v Wales and England v Scotland rugby international matches, and in 1877, rugby's first Varsity match.
- 1 History
- 2 End names
- 3 21st century redevelopment
- 4 Football
- 5 Rugby
- 6 Conferences and events
- 7 Other events
- 8 Oval gasometer and gasworks
- 9 Transport connections
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
In 1844, Kennington Oval was a market garden owned by the Duchy of Cornwall. The Duchy was willing to supply a lease of the land for the purpose of a cricket ground, and on 10 March 1845 the first lease, which the club later assumed, was issued to a Mr William Houghton (then president of the progenitor Montpelier Cricket Club) by the Otter Trustees who held the land from the Duchy "to convert it into a subscription cricket ground", for 31 years at a rent of £120 per annum plus taxes amounting to £20. The original contract for turfing The Oval cost £300; the 10,000 grass turfs came from Tooting Common and were laid in the Spring of 1845  allowing for the first cricket match to be played in May 1845. Hence, Surrey County Cricket Club (SCCC) was established in 1845.
The popularity of the ground was immediate and the strength of the SCCC grew. On 3 May 1875 the club acquired the remainder of the leasehold interest for a further term of 31 years from the Otter Trustees for the sum of £2,800.
In 1868, 20,000 spectators gathered at The Oval for the first game of the 1868 Aboriginal cricket tour of England, the first tour of England by any foreign side. Thanks to C.W. Alcock, the Secretary of Surrey from 1872 to 1907, the first Test match in England was played at The Oval in 1880 between England and Australia. The Oval, thereby, became the second ground to stage a Test, after the MCG. In 1882, Australia won the Test by seven runs within two days. The Sporting Times printed a mocking obituary notice for English cricket, which led to the creation of the Ashes trophy, which is still contested whenever England plays Australia. The first Test double century was scored at The Oval in 1884 by Australia's Billy Murdoch.
In 1907, South Africa became the 2nd visiting Test team to play a Test match at this venue. In 1928, West Indies played its first Test match at this venue followed by New Zealand in 1931. In 1936, India became the 5th foreign visiting Test side to play at The Oval, followed by Pakistan in 1954 and Sri Lanka in 1998. Zimbabwe and Bangladesh have still yet to play a Test match at the Oval.
The Oval is referenced by the poet Philip Larkin in his poem about the First World War, "MCMXIV". During World War II, The Oval was requisitioned. Initially, it housed searchlights. It was then turned into a prisoner of war camp, which was intended to hold enemy parachutists. However, since they never came, the Oval was never used for this purpose.
The first One Day International match at this venue was played on 7 September 1973 between England and West Indies. It hosted matches of the 1975, 1979, 1983, and 1999 World Cups. It also hosted five of the fifteen matches in the 2004 ICC Champions Trophy, including the final. The Oval once held the record for the largest playing area of any Test venue in the world. That record has since been surpassed by Gaddafi Stadium in Pakistan, although, The Oval remains the largest in Great Britain.
The famous gasholders just outside The Oval's wall are actually newer than the ground by several years, having been built around 1853. Now disused, there has been much speculation of late as to whether they should be demolished; however, many believe they are an integral part of The Oval's landscape and, therefore, their future looks secure.
The North-western end of The Oval is known as the Vauxhall End, as Vauxhall transit station is situated just outside the grounds in this direction. The opposite end (South-east) is known as the Pavilion End, as it is the location of the Members' Pavilion.
21st century redevelopment
At the end of the 2002 cricket season, Surrey started redeveloping the Vauxhall End. The development included knocking down the outdated Surridge, Fender, Jardine, and Peter May north stands, and creating in their place a single four tier grandstand, currently known as the OCS stand, as it is sponsored by Outsourced Client Solutions International Facilities Management Services. This work was completed in May 2005 and increased ground capacity to around 23,000.
In January 2007, Surrey announced plans to increase capacity by a further 2,000 seats, this time by redeveloping the Pavilion End. The Lock, Laker, and Peter May south stands were to be replaced by a new stand, which would have a hotel backing on to it. The Surrey Tavern at the entrance to the ground would be demolished, and a new pedestrian plaza would be created in its place, improving access to the ground and opening up views of the historic pavilion. These plans were delayed by objections raised by the Health & Safety Executive as the ground is close to a gasometer. Planning permission was eventually granted, but not before the credit crunch struck.
In 2009, four masts of semi-permanent telescopic floodlights costing £3.7m were installed for use in late-day through evening matches. The floodlights were especially designed to comply with strict residential planning regulations to lessen their visual impact and any light overspill to residents, as well as, improve the game experience within The Oval by reducing excess glare that can affect players, umpires, broadcasters and spectators. Precision reflector systems were fitted for tight beam control to decrease overspill and direct light only where needed. Each mast made extendable to a maximum 47.6m high and, when not in use, retractable to 30m in size. At the end of each season, all four masts can be totally removed and stored away.
After the conclusion of the 2013 season a new project to add 'wings' to either side of the OCS Stand at the Vauxhall End of the ground was started. The development was finished in time for the start of the 2014 season. Each 'wing' added 500 seats which brought the capacity up from 23,500 to 24,500.
In September 2015 the Peter May and Tony Lock stands were demolished, to be replaced by a single new and much larger stand named after Peter May. May led Surrey to their sixth and seventh consecutive County Championships in 1957 and 1958 and also captained England from 1955 to 1961, winning the Ashes in 1956. Construction of the new stand, which cost around £10m, began in September 2015. It officially opened on the 15th May, 2016. It increases the capacity of the ground by 1,500 seats to 26,000.
Following the demolition of the Tony Lock stand, the club renamed the Laker Stand as the Lock/Laker Stand, continuing to honour the contribution made by the spin partnership of Tony Lock and Jim Laker, who collectively took 3,108 wickets for the club.
The Oval was also an important site in the historical development of football, before a separate national stadium was constructed specifically for the sport. Football had been played in this part of London for many years prior to the inauguration of The Oval: "The Gymnastic Society", arguably the world's first football club, met regularly at Kennington Common during the second half of the eighteenth century to play the game.
First international football match
The Oval was home to the first ever international football match on 5 March 1870, England against Scotland, organised by The Football Association. The game resulted in a 1–1 draw. Similar international matches between England and Scotland took place at The Oval until February 1872. On 8 March 1873, the England national team beat Scotland 4–2 in the first officially recognized international match played in England. England would continue to play occasionally at The Oval until 1889.
- Scores and results list England's goal tally first.
|5 March 1870||1–1||Scotland||Friendly (unofficial)||Draw|
|19 November 1870||1–0||Scotland||Friendly (unofficial)|
|25 February 1871||1–1||Scotland||Friendly (unofficial)||Draw|
|17 November 1871||2–1||Scotland||Friendly (unofficial)|
|24 February 1872||1–0||Scotland||Friendly (unofficial)|
|8 March 1873||4–2||Scotland||Friendly|
|6 March 1875||2–2||Scotland||Friendly||Draw|
|3 March 1877||1–3||Scotland||Friendly|
|19 January 1879||2–1||Wales||Friendly|
|5 April 1879||5–4||Scotland||Friendly|
|12 March 1881||1–6||Scotland||Friendly|
|3 February 1883||5–0||Wales||Friendly|
|21 March 1885||1–1||Scotland||Home International||Draw|
|26 February 1887||4–0||Wales||Home International|
|13 April 1889||2–3||Scotland||Home International|
First FA Cup final
On 16 March 1872, The Wanderers beat the Royal Engineers 1–0 to win the first ever FA Cup. This final was notable for the Engineers' modern footballing style of teamwork rather than individual play. C. W. Alcock, Secretary of The Football Association, was the prime mover of the competition. He had just become Secretary of Surrey so that The Oval was the natural choice of venue for the final. Alcock also captained the successful Wanderers side. The Oval hosted all subsequent FA Cup finals (1873 excluded) up until 1892.
The Oval is one of two grounds (Bramall Lane in Sheffield being the other) to have staged both England football and cricket internationals, and also FA Cup finals. The Oval also hosted the second ever Rugby Union international between England and Scotland in 1872 (the first was hosted at Raeburn Place a year earlier).
Results of FA Cup finals at The Oval
Between 1872 and 1879, The Oval held 7 full cap international rugby union matches, as follows:
|Date||Competition||Home team||Away team|
|5 February 1872||England||1G||Scotland||2G|
|23 February 1874||England||1G||Scotland||0G|
|15 February 1875||England||2G||Ireland||0G|
|6 March 1876||England||1G||Scotland||0G|
|5 February 1877||1877 Home Nations Championship||England||2G||Ireland||0G|
|4 March 1878||1878 Home Nations Championship||England||0G||Scotland||0G|
|24 March 1879||1879 Home Nations Championship||England||3G||Ireland||0G|
On Wednesday 3 March 1875, The Oval held the final of the United Hospitals Challenge Cup, the oldest rugby union cup competition in the world.
Conferences and events
As well as being an international sporting venue, The Oval has a conference and events business. The Corinthian Roof Terrace built on the OCS Stand in 2013 features panoramic views of the London skyline.
The ground has also hosted other events, including hockey fixtures and concerts.
The Oval has hosted exhibition matches for Australian rules football. The first such match was held between Carlton and a team of All-Stars in 1972. In 2005, a record crowd for Australian rules football in England (18,884) saw the Fremantle Dockers defeat the West Coast Eagles. In 2012, approximately 10,000 were in attendance for a post-season exhibition match between Port Adelaide and the Western Bulldogs, which Port Adelaide won by 1 point.
Oval gasometer and gasworks
A nearby Victorian gasometer has marked the view from the grounds since the 1800s. A movement to preserve the iconic gasometers across Britain has emerged in recent years with the one visible from The Oval often cited as a landmark example. The skeletal but decorative structure is a landmark in the area and has become part of The Oval's history and allure. The famed cricket commentator Henry Blofeld once said in a broadcast, "As the bowler runs in, it’s so quiet you can hear the creak of the gasometer." When plans to demolish the aging structure were announced in 2013, he stated: “In comparison, pulling down the Victoria Memorial in front of Buckingham Palace would be child’s play.”
|London Buses||Oval Station||36, 185, 436||100 metres|
|Camberwell New Road||155, 333||200 metres|
|Oval Station||155, 333||190 metres|
|London Underground||Oval||190 metres|
|National Rail||South West Trains|
- Archbishop Tenison's Church of England School – a historic school located next to the ground, often used as a vantage point for TV cameras and crews
- Gasworks Gallery, next to the ground
- History of Test cricket from 1877 to 1883
- History of Test cricket from 1884 to 1889
- History of Test cricket from 1890 to 1900
- List of cricket grounds in England and Wales
- List of Test cricket grounds
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An Affectionate Remembrance of English Cricket Which Died At The Oval On 29 August 1882...
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Oval cricket ground, London.|
- Surrey Cricket web site
- Cricinfo page on The Oval
- Aerial view of The Oval at Google Maps
- Annotated aerial photograph
- Images of The Oval